King Charles and his siblings escort Queen's coffin in Edinburgh

King Charles has arrived in Edinburgh to accompany his late mother's coffin on an emotion-charged procession through the historic heart of the Scottish capital to a cathedral, where it will lie for 24 hours to allow the public to pay their last respects.

Earlier, King received condolences at Parliament, told legislators he would follow mother's example

Scotland says goodbye to Queen Elizabeth

3 months ago
Duration 3:13
Scotland took centre stage as Queen Elizabeth’s coffin arrived in Edinburgh, where it will lie at St. Giles' Cathedral for the public to pay their respects. Many in Scotland have a deep fondness for the Queen, and keeping them happy with the monarchy will be one of King Charles’s biggest tasks.

As Queen Elizabeth's four children walked silently behind, a hearse carried her flag-draped coffin along a crowd-lined street in the Scottish capital on Monday to a cathedral, where a service of thanksgiving hailed the late monarch as a "constant in all of our lives for over 70 years."

Four days after the 96-year-old Queen died at her beloved Balmoral Castle in the Scottish Highlands, a military bagpiper played as her oak coffin, draped in the red-and-yellow Royal Standard of Scotland, was borne from the Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh under late-summer sunshine.

King Charles, dressed in army uniform, and Princess Anne, Prince Andrew and Prince Edward walked behind as the hearse traveled to St. Giles' Cathedral, flanked by a bearer party of the Royal Regiment of Scotland and a detachment of the Royal Company of Archers, the king's ceremonial bodyguard in Scotland.

Inside, the coffin was placed on a wooden stand and topped with the golden Crown of Scotland, encrusted with 22 gems and 20 precious stones along with freshwater pearls from Scotland's rivers.

"And so we gather to bid Scotland's farewell to our late monarch, whose life of service to the nation and the world we celebrate. And whose love for Scotland was legendary," said the Rev. Calum MacLeod.

WATCH | Queen's coffin proceeds through Edinburgh: 

King Charles, siblings follow hearse carrying Queen's coffin in Edinburgh

3 months ago
Duration 3:31
Residents of Edinburgh jammed an ancient street as King Charles and his siblings walked behind the hearse that carried their mother from the Palace of Holyroodhouse to St. Giles' Cathedral.

Queen's love of Scotland persisted

Because the Queen died at her summer home of Balmoral, Scotland has been the focus of the world's attention for the first part of Britain's 10 days of national mourning. Scenes of large crowds lining the route as her coffin journeyed south have underscored the deep bond between the Queen and Scotland, which persisted even as relations between the Conservative government in London and the pro-independence administration in Edinburgh have soured.

In a homily, Church of Scotland moderator Iain Greenshields said that "most of us cannot recall a time when she was not our monarch."

"Committed to the role she assumed in 1952 upon the death of her beloved father, she has been a constant in all of our lives for over 70 years," he said. "She was determined to see her work as a form of service to others, and she maintained that steady course until the end of her life.

From left: Prince Andrew; King Charles III; Camilla, the Queen Consort; Princess Anne; and Vice Admiral Sir Tim Laurence look on as the Duke of Hamilton places the Crown of Scotland on the coffin during the Service of Prayer and Reflection for the Life of Queen Elizabeth II at St Giles' Cathedral, Edinburgh, on Monday. (Aaron Chown/The Associated Press)

The coffin will remain at the cathedral until Tuesday so members of the public can pay their respects. Thousands lined the one-kilometre route between the palace and cathedral, some arriving hours ahead of the service to catch a glimpse of the coffin.

"I just wanted to be here, just to show last respects. I cannot believe she is dead," said Marilyn Mclear, a 70-year-old retired teacher.

"I know she was 96, but I just cannot believe the Queen's dead. So I think it will be a nice, well, it's not nice to see [a] funeral, but I think it will be a thing to remember if I see it passing by."

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One man appeared to shout angrily at the passing hearse, while others called out: "God save the King!" But the procession was greeted mostly with a respectful silence under blue skies flecked with white clouds.

Charles, Anne and Edward all wore military uniforms during the procession, but Andrew did not. The Royal Navy veteran was stripped of his honorary military titles and was removed as a working royal over his friendship with the notorious U.S. sex offender Jeffrey Epstein.

Charles later donned a kilt as he visited the Scottish Parliament, where he was greeted by First Minister Nicola Sturgeon.

King Charles inspects an honour guard at the Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh on Monday. The King will accompany the Queen's coffin on a solemn procession through the cobbled streets of the Scottish capital from the royal Palace of Holyroodhouse to St Giles' Cathedral, where members of the public will be able to pay their respects. (Phil Noble/The Associated Press)

Earlier, the Queen's grandson, Prince Harry, hailed her as a "guiding compass" and praised her "unwavering grace and dignity."

The government, meanwhile, announced that the nation will observe a minute of silence on Sunday, the evening before the Queen's funeral. The "moment of reflection" will take place at 8 p.m. local time. People were encouraged to mark the silence at home or at community events.

Before flying to Scotland, Charles received condolences at Parliament and told lawmakers he would follow his late mother's example of "selfless duty."

WATCH | Choreographed protocol, with moments of spontaneity: 

The traditions and protocols of Britain’s farewell to Queen Elizabeth

3 months ago
Duration 3:26
It's been more than 70 years since Britain has had to lay a monarch to rest, and proclaim a new one. The tradition and protocols that ensure the Royal Family's survival are now being tested in real time, and so far have gone down without a hitch.

Hundreds of lawmakers crowded into the 1,000-year-old Westminster Hall for the service, rich in pageantry, in which Parliament offered its condolences to the King. A trumpet fanfare greeted him and Camilla as they entered.

Charles told members of the House of Commons and House of Lords that he would follow his late mother in upholding "the precious principles of constitutional governance" that underpin the U.K.'s political system.

A man is seated on a gold-trimmed throne.
King Charles sits at Westminster Hall in London on Monday, where he addressed members of the House of Commons and the House of Lords. (Henry Nicholls/Reuters)

"As I stand before you today, I cannot help but feel the weight of history which surrounds us and which reminds us of the vital parliamentary traditions to which members of both Houses dedicate yourselves, with such personal commitment for the betterment of us all," Charles said.

The ceremony was held in Westminster Hall because monarchs are not allowed inside the House of Commons. That rule dates from the 17th century, when King Charles I tried to enter and arrest lawmakers. That confrontation between Crown and Parliament led to a civil war, which ended with the King being beheaded in 1649.

In a personal tribute to his grandmother, Prince Harry said he cherished their times together "from my earliest childhood memories with you, to meeting you for the first time as my Commander-in-Chief, to the first moment you met my darling wife and hugged your beloved great-grandchildren."

Possible sign of reconciliation

Amid acrimony in the House of Windsor, Harry quit as a senior royal and moved to the United States two years ago. On Saturday, there was a possible sign of a reconciliation as Harry and Meghan joined his brother Prince William and sister-in-law Catherine in meeting mourners outside Windsor Castle.

Harry's statement ended on a poignant note, alluding to the death last year of his grandfather, Prince Philip, saying, "We, too, smile knowing that you and grandpa are reunited now, and both together in peace."

The Queen's coffin will be flown on Tuesday to London, where it will lie in state at the Houses of Parliament Palace from Wednesday afternoon until the morning of her funeral on Sept. 19. U.S. President Joe Biden is due to attend the service at Westminster Abbey, along with heads of state and royalty from around the world.

WATCH | Thousands queue to pay their respects:

Authorities have already issued rules and guidelines for people wanting to pay their respects in London.

Judging by the size of the crowd in Edinburgh, the line is expected to be long.

Rosamund Allen, 67, came from from Rothbury in northern England to be part of the moment.

"It was very moving. It was very quiet," she said. "I felt very sorry for the family itself to be on show. They are very brave to do that. And I really hope and pray that they get something out of today and have a chance to mourn themselves.

"They were very kind to allow us to be part of their sadness."

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