Catalan parliament meets for 1st time since election, but deep divisions remain
Several politicians from pro-independence parties are in jail or outside Spain
Catalonia's new parliament elected a pro-secession speaker, virtually guaranteeing that the chamber's push for independence for Spain's northeastern region will continue as its lawmakers prepare to elect a new government.
Wednesday's opening session of the new Catalan assembly came amid looming questions about the role that fugitive and jailed politicians will play in the chamber's separatist majority and the future regional government.
Ousted Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont, who fled to Belgium in October, dodging a Spanish judicial probe over a foiled secession attempt, wants to be reinstated to his old job. But he faces arrest if he returns to Spain and legal hurdles if he wants to be voted in from abroad by the regional assembly.
Puigdemont's seat and other empty seats in the parliament were adorned with a yellow ribbon, in remembrance of the four ex-cabinet members sought by Spain's Supreme Court who are also in Brussels and three more elected lawmakers — including former Catalan vice-president Oriol Junqueras— jailed on provisional charges of rebellion or sedition.
Other former cabinet members and parliamentary officials have been released from jail, but remain under investigation.
Spanish central authorities took direct control of the northeastern region following the unilateral declaration of independence by separatist lawmakers on Oct. 27.
Under special powers, Spain fired Puigdemont's government, dissolved parliament and forced a new regional election on Dec. 21 in the hope of halting the secession drive.
Anti-independence party has the most seats
But contrary to Madrid's hopes, separatists regained their slim parliamentary majority despite receiving less than half of the votes. In a first for Catalonia, Ciutadans (Citizens), a party that fiercely opposes independence and gained the most seats.
Several hundred people rallied near the parliament in central Barcelona, waving separatist flags as they watched the new House Speaker's election on a screen.
Roger Torrent, a lawmaker with the left-republican ERC party, was elected to head the assembly's governing committee that plays a key role in deciding what issues are debated and voted on in parliament.
"I want democracy and coexistence to be the foundations of this term," Torrent told fellow lawmakers from the Speaker's podium, vowing at the same time to restore the self-government of Catalonia that is now in the hands of Madrid. He also said that, as Speaker, he would defend the right of "all 135 voices in the chamber," including those fugitive or jailed.
But Ciutadans leader Ines Arrimadas criticized the inaugural session, saying, "We start the legislature as we finished the last one, with a parliament speaker who is going to work only for independence."
However, she pointed out that things had changed in the parliament because for the first time, a non-nationalist party, Ciutadans, had won a Catalan election, and that the secessionist bloc now had fewer seats and votes and the independence stance had no international support.
Although Arrimadas's party won the most seats —36 — unlike the secessionist bloc, she lacks enough support to form a government.
Torrent is tasked with choosing a candidate to try to form a government by the end of the month. The two secessionist parties back the candidacy of Puigdemont, but the former president would first have to get approval from Torrent's committee to vote and be elected from abroad despite facing fierce political and legal opposition.
Parliamentary legal advisers said in a report this week that Puigdemont can't be sworn in via video link or by having a proxy candidate as he must debate his candidacy in person in parliament.
Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy has also vowed to maintain direct rule over Catalonia if the fugitive separatist politician tries to resume office from Brussels.
The parties that promote Catalan independence jointly hold 66 seats in Catalonia's parliament, and also have support from four pro-independence, anti-establishment lawmakers.
Polls consistently indicate most Catalans want the right to decide the region's future, but are evenly divided over splitting from Spain.