Prosecutors charge members of far-right militia group with organizing Jan. 6 U.S. Capitol attack

Prosecutors on Tuesday said three people affiliated with a far-right militia group conspired to breach the U.S. Capitol, the first time they have directly accused people of organizing the violent Jan. 6 riot that left five people dead.

The 2 men and 1 woman have ties to the Oath Keepers, a new and relatively small group

Jessica Watkins and Donovan Crowl were charged Tuesday alongside a third man, Thomas Edward Caldwell, in relation to the violent, deadly attack at the U.S. Capitol on Jan. 6. (Montgomery County Jail via The Associated Press)

Prosecutors on Tuesday said three people affiliated with a far-right militia group conspired to breach the U.S. Capitol, the first time they have directly accused people of organizing the violent Jan. 6 riot that left five people dead.

Thomas Edward Caldwell, 65, of Virginia, was the first person to be charged with conspiracy after the violence in Washington, D.C., earlier this month. His arrest and the arrests of other group members offer some insight into the planning and co-ordination behind the extraordinary attack, which apparently took law enforcement by surprise despite various warnings online.

According to FBI investigators, Caldwell "appears to have a leadership role with" Oath Keepers, a paramilitary group that believes in a "shadowy conspiracy" to strip Americans of their rights. The group often recruits current and former military, police or other first responders.

The FBI stated in charging documents against some Oath Keepers members that they were wearing helmets, protective vests and items with the group's name. The FBI also said that they seemed to "move in an organized and practiced fashion and force their way to the front of the crowd gathered around a door to the U.S. Capitol."

An affidavit filed against Caldwell states that he was involved in the planning and co-ordinating of the Capitol breach with other members, including two people from Champaign County, Ohio.

Federal documents identify them as Jessica Watkins and Donovan Crowl and state that they are members of the Ohio State Regular Militia, dues-paying members of the Oath Keepers.

U.S. President Donald Trump was impeached for inciting an insurrection through his Jan. 6 speech, where he told supporters to 'fight much harder,' to march on the Capitol, and said 'we won't take' defeat. (Jim Bourg/Reuters)

Messages between members

"Records obtained from Facebook indicate that Caldwell was involved in planning and coordinating the January 6 breach of the U.S. Capitol in which Watkins, Crowl and other Oath Keeper militia members participated," the affidavit states.

Charging documents show messages between Caldwell and the others about arranging hotel rooms in the Washington area in the days before the attack.

In one Facebook message from Crowl to Caldwell, Crowl states: "Will probably call you tomorrow . mainly because . I like to know wtf plan is. You are the man COMMANDER."

The FBI wrote that Caldwell is believed to have referenced the leader of the Oath Keepers, Elmer Stewart Rhodes, in a Facebook message to group members in the days before the riot.

"I don't know if Stewie has even gotten out his call to arms but it's a little friggin late," Caldwell wrote, according to the FBI. "This is one we are doing on our own. We will link up with the north carolina (sic) crew."

Federal authorities say that Caldwell also sent Facebook messages following the attack.

"Proud boys scuffled with cops and drove them inside to hide," Caldwell's message said, according to court documents. "Breached the doors. One guy made it all the way to the house floor, another to Pelosi's office. A good time."

Federal authorities said that Caldwell sent another message to an Oath Keepers leader encouraging them to storm Ohio's Statehouse in Columbus.

"We need to do this at the local level," charging documents quote Caldwell as saying. "Lets (sic) storm the capitol in Ohio. Tell me when!"

Caldwell faces other charges that include violent entry or disorderly conduct. It was unclear Tuesday afternoon if he had hired an attorney. A message left Tuesday at his home in Berryville, Virginia, was not immediately returned.

Watkins and Crowl were being held at a county jail in Dayton, after being arrested Monday.

Federal investigators used social media posts and news media interviews the suspects gave to help identify them.

The Ohio suspects each face three charges: entering a restricted building or grounds; violent entry or disorderly conduct, and obstruction of an official proceeding. No information was available immediately on whether they had attorneys yet.

It also wasn't clear immediately whether any of the three had military or law enforcement experience.

Members of a pro-Trump mob that stormed the Capitol, breaking windows and clashing with police officers earlier this month. More than 125 people have been arrested so far. (Jon Cherry/Getty Images)

125 arrests so far

They are among more than 125 people arrested so far on charges related to the Jan. 6 violence led by supporters of U.S. President Donald Trump, where a Capitol police officer and four others were killed. U.S. authorities last week announced arrests of a Cleveland-area woman and a Wilmington, Ohio, man on related charges.

Watkins, 38, self-described commanding officer of the Ohio State Regular Militia, posted video and comments Jan. 6 on social media site Parler, investigators said.

"Yeah. We stormed the Capitol today. Teargassed, the whole, 9. Pushed our way into the Rotunda. Made it into the Senate even. The news is lying (even Fox) about the Historical Events we created today," she allegedly wrote.

Watkins also allegedly posted that entry was forced through the back door of the Capitol.

The militia group appeared to be relatively new and small.

With files from Reuters