Boston bombing trial: Dzhokhar Tsarnaev's father had PTSD, doctor says
Psychiatrist testifies Boston Marathon bomber's father was traumatized during Chechen war
Dzhokhar Tsarnaev's lawyers called a Russian historian and a psychiatrist to the stand Tuesday in a bid to save the Boston Marathon bomber from the death penalty by portraying him as the product of a dysfunctional family from a turbulent corner of the world.
Dr. Alexander Niss, a psychiatrist who treated Tsarnaev's father from 2003 to 2005, said he diagnosed the elder Tsarnaev with post-traumatic stress disorder after he reported being tortured in a Russian camp during the Chechen wars with Russia in the 1990s.
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Niss said Anzor Tsarnaev, a Chechen, showed typical symptoms of PTSD, including anxiety, panic attacks, flashbacks and paranoia. He said Tsarnaev also complained of headaches, dizziness, nosebleeds and other physical ailments, and during one phase of his treatment, was going to the emergency room almost every day.
"He was a sick guy," Niss said.
Professor describes North Caucasus region
Niss took the stand during the penalty phase of Dzhokhar Tsarnaev's trial, during which the jury will decide whether the 21-year-old former college student should get the death penalty or life in prison for the 2013 bombing that killed three people and wounded more than 260.
The defence told jurors earlier that both of Tsarnaev's parents were diagnosed with mental illness.
Dzhokhar Tsarnaev lived in the former Soviet republic of Kyrgyzstan and the Dagestan region of Russia, bordering Chechnya, before moving to the U.S. in 2002. He was 19 at the time of the marathon bombing.
The defence also called as a witness Michael Reynolds, a Princeton University professor who described the North Caucasus region of Russia, including Chechnya, a mountainous area of southern Russia where Tsarnaev's father's family has roots.
Reynolds gave a history of the region, including its centuries of conflict with Russia. He said Chechen families are very patriarchal, with the father or oldest son having the clear role as the decision-maker for the family.
"It's expected that the younger brother will listen to the older brother," he said.
It's expected that the younger brother will listen to the older brother.- Michael Reynolds, a Princeton University professor
During cross-examination, prosecutor William Weinreb pointed out that Dzhokhar and Tamerlan spent little or no time living in Chechnya. Dzhokhar was eight when he moved to the U.S.
Weinreb also said Dzhokhar smoked cigarettes and marijuana, and drank alcohol despite admonitions from Tamerlan.
On Monday, for the first time since his trial began four months ago, Tsarnaev dropped his blank expression and wept as his Russian aunt sobbed uncontrollably on the stand. He grabbed a tissue and repeatedly dabbed his eyes and cheeks.
Five Russian relatives — three cousins and two aunts — took the stand for the defence Monday, recalling Tsarnaev as a kind and gentle child who cried during The Lion King.