Boston bombing suspects' mom in U.S. terror database
Zubeidat Tsarnaeva says she has never been linked to crimes or terrorism
U.S. intelligence agencies added the mother of the Boston bombing suspects to a government terrorism database 18 months before the bombings, two officials told The Associated Press.
She called it "lies and hypocrisy" and said she has never been linked to crimes or terrorism.
The CIA asked for the older Boston Marathon bombing suspect and his mother to be added to a terrorist database in the fall of 2011, after the Russian government contacted the agency with concerns that both had become religious militants, according to officials briefed on the investigation. About six months earlier, the FBI investigated Tamerlan Tsarnaev and his mother, Zubeidat Tsarnaeva, also at Russia's request, one of the officials said. The FBI found no ties to terrorism.
The revelation that the FBI had also investigated Zubeidat Tsarnaeva and the CIA arranged for her to be added to the terrorism database deepened the mystery around the family.
The Tsarnaevs are ethnic Chechens from southern Russia who immigrated to the Boston area in the past 11 years. Tsarnaeva, a naturalized U.S. citizen who has done a number of television interviews since the attacks and reversed her decision to return to the U.S. after the bombings, has said her sons could never have been behind the deadly attacks and believes they were framed.
The officials spoke to the AP on condition of anonymity because they were not allowed to speak publicly about the ongoing case.
Tamerlan Tsarnaev, who died in a gun battle with police last week, and his younger brother, Dzhokhar, are accused of carrying out the bombings. Officials said that before he was advised of his constitutional rights to remain silent or consult a lawyer, Dzhokhar admitted to FBI interrogators that the brothers committed the bombings and that he was recruited by his brother to participate only a week or two before the attacks.
Previously, U.S. officials have said only that the FBI investigated Tamerlan. But in March 2011, the Russians asked the FBI to look into him and his mother because of concerns they were religious militants who planned to travel back to Russia, the official said.
The FBI found nothing to link either to terrorism, and the FBI closed the investigations in June 2011. Then, the Russians in the fall sent the same warning to the CIA. The CIA asked the U.S. National Counterterrorism Center to add the mother's name and son's name to its huge, classified database of people known to be terrorists and those who are suspected of having terror ties, called the Terrorist Identities Datamart Environment, or TIDE.
Being in that database does not mean the U.S. government has evidence that links someone to terrorism. About a year ago, there were some 745,000 names in the database. Intelligence analysts add names and partial names to TIDE when terror-related intelligence is shared with them.
'Lies and hypocrisy'
Tsarnaeva said it would not surprise her if she was listed in a U.S. terror database.
"It's all lies and hypocrisy," she told the AP from Dagestan. "I'm sick and tired of all this nonsense that they make up about me and my children. People know me as a regular person, and I've never been mixed up in any criminal intentions, especially any link to terrorism."
A search of U.S. criminal records showed only that Tsarnaeva was arrested in June 2012 in Natick, Mass., on a shoplifting charge over the theft of $1,624 worth of women's clothing from a Lord & Taylor department store. She was arrested and charged with larceny over $250 and two counts of malicious or wanton property damage.
Tamerlan had travelled to Russia in January 2012 and returned in July.
Tsarnaeva accused U.S. law enforcement of killing her elder son.
"They are already talking about that we are terrorists, I am terrorist, they've told that I was doing something terroristic," Tsarnaeva said.
Some lawmakers in Washington have questioned whether the FBI adequately investigated family members in 2011. Over the course of that year, the FBI reached out to Russia three times for more information, U.S. officials said. The first time was in March 2011, when they received the initial tip from the Russians. The second was in June 2011 when they were preparing to close the investigation. The third time was in the fall of 2011 after the CIA received the same tip from the Russians.
One of the officials said the FBI never found the type of derogatory information on Tsarnaev and his mother that would have elevated their profiles among counterterrorism investigators or would have formally placed them on a terror watch list.
Details learned this week in the Boston bombing probe
MIT OFFICER: Officer Sean Collier was shot inside in his patrol car late Thursday, April 18. Authorities initially said he was responding to a disturbance. Police now say there was no disturbance and he was in his parked car when he was shot by one of the bombing suspects.
NO ROBBERY ATTEMPT: Officials at first said that the suspects were pursued after they robbed a convenience store, where the younger one was seen on a surveillance camera. Authorities later corrected their statement to say the suspects were tracked down after they needed to stop for gas and a driver they had carjacked fled and called police.
GUN BATTLE: Federal officials say only one gun was recovered at the scene of a shootout with the suspects early April 20, when more than 250 rounds were fired, according to Police Commissioner Ed Davis. The elder suspect died after that exchange of gunfire, though his exact cause of death is still not known. A federal law enforcement official confirmed his brother ran over his body as he fled the scene in a car.
FOUND IN BOAT: Federal authorities now say the suspect was found unarmed in a boat in a backyard in Watertown, raising the question of how or why authorities started shooting. Rounds of ammunition could be heard firing by the hundreds who gathered nearby.
YOUNGER BROTHER: Dzhokhar Tsarnaev could face the death penalty after being charged with using a weapon of mass destruction to kill people and destroy property. Federal authorities say he shared information with interrogators until being read his constitutional rights.
OLDER BROTHER: Tamerlan Tsarnaev and his mother, Zubeidat, were added to the U.S. database of suspected terrorists 18 months before the Boston explosions, two officials briefed on the situation told The Associated Press.
NEXT TARGET: New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg and Police Commissioner Raymond Kelly say the brothers had five pipe bombs and another pressure cooker and were heading to New York City when the man they had carjacked escaped and called police to give chase.
PARENTS: U.S. investigators have traveled to southern Russia to question the suspects' parents. The couple says they want to come to the U.S. to see Dzhokhar and to recover Tamerlan's body but so far have not.