Anti-Bolsonaro protests held across Brazil as COVID-19 death toll tops 500,000

Thousands took to the streets across Brazil to protest against President Jair Bolsonaro's pandemic response as the country surpassed 500,000 deaths from COVID-19 on Saturday.

Critics blast president's vaccine procurement efforts, comments about masks

Thousands took to the streets across Brazil on Saturday to protest against President Jair Bolsonaro's pandemic response, blasting the leader for not acquiring vaccines fast enough and for questioning the need for mask-wearing.

Brazil surpassed 500,000 deaths from COVID-19 on Saturday, according to the Health Ministry. Brazil has the world's highest COVID-19 death toll after the United States.

The government faces fierce criticism for passing up earlier opportunities to buy vaccines. Pharmaceutical maker Pfizer said it got no response to early offers to sell vaccines to the government between August and November last year.

"We are protesting against the genocidal Bolsonaro government that did not buy vaccines and has done nothing to take care of its people in the last year," Aline Rabelo, 36, said, while protesting on the national mall in Brasilia, the country's capital.

Bolsonaro's press office did not immediately respond to a request for comment. Only 11 per cent of Brazilians are fully vaccinated, and 29 per cent have received a first dose, Health Ministry data shows.

Demonstrators take to the streets protest President Jair Bolsonaro's pandemic response in Brasilia on Saturday. (Andressa Anholete/Getty Images)

Brazilian media reported that protests had been held in all 26 states as well as the capital Brasilia.

Many demonstrators called the 500,000 dead a form of genocide carried out by the government on the Brazilian people. They chanted, beat drums and held up signs demanding Bolsonaro be removed for office.

"Half a million reasons to oust Bolsonaro," read one protestor's sign in downtown Sao Paulo.

While organizers promised the largest demonstrations yet in more than 300 cities, gatherings in Rio de Janeiro and Brasilia on Saturday morning did not appear to be larger than the last major protests on May 29.

Protests in Sao Paulo, Brazil's largest city and financial centre, blocked major downtown thoroughfares, where protesters unfurled a banner the size of a city block demanding "Life, Bread, Vaccines and Education." It was unclear how the crowd compared to the May 29 protest there.

A cardboard cutout of Bolsonaro in prison garb is seen during a demonstration in Sao Paulo on Saturday. (Marcelo Chello/The Associated Press)

A special Senate committee is probing the Bolsonaro administration's pandemic response, highlighting the government's delayed efforts to acquire vaccines while prioritizing unproven treatments for COVID-19.

Last month, a poll showed Bolsonaro's popularity has sunk to new lows with only 24 per cent of Brazilians saying his administration is "good" or "great."

The same poll showed Bolsonaro's left wing rival, former president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, would win in a run-off vote if the 2022 elections were held today.

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