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Belarus must be held accountable for human trafficking, Baltic states say

Belarus is forcing migrants to breach the European Union border, and the government of President Alexander Lukashenko must be held accountable for human trafficking, EU members Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia said on Monday.

EU has accused Belarus's president of orchestrating influx of migrants

Migrants make their way to the checkpoint 'Kuznitsa' at the Belarus-Poland border near Grodno, Belarus, on Monday. (Oksana Manchuk/BelTA/The Associated Press)

Belarus is forcing migrants to breach the European Union border, and the government of President Alexander Lukashenko must be held accountable for human trafficking, EU members Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia said on Monday.

"We ... condemn the actions taken by the Lukashenko regime instrumentalizing migrants for political purposes," the presidents of the three Baltic states said in a joint statement after meeting with Polish President Andrzej Duda via video link.

The European Union has accused Lukashenko of orchestrating the influx of migrants to pressure the EU to back down over sanctions slapped on his government. Belarus has repeatedly denied the accusation.

"Thousands of people who flew into Belarus from Middle Eastern and African countries are being directed, in caravans, to storm the border of the European Union," Lithuanian President Gitanas Nauseda told a news conference.

He said that "video recordings, pictures and other evidence" proved involvement of Belarus officials, as well as its close ally Russia in stirring up the crisis.

WATCH | Frigid migrants in Belarus continue surge toward Polish border: 

Frigid migrants in Belarus continue surge toward Polish border

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"This is illustrated by the obvious increasing activity of migrants travelling via Moscow [to the EU border], compensating for the loss of flights from Iraq to Minsk," Nauseda said.

Estonian President Alar Karis, Latvian President Egils Levits and Lithuania's Nauseda called on the European Commission to introduce, "without delay," changes in EU laws to tighten asylum possibilities.

Lithuanian President Gitanas Nauseda, left, meets Latvian President Egils Levits, centre, and Estonian President Alar Karis in Vilnius, Lithuania, today. (Janis Laizans/Reuters)

They also said the EU should pay for the construction of barriers at the bloc's external border, such as the one with Belarus.

European Union foreign ministers signed off on Monday on changes to the bloc's sanctions framework, preparing the way for a new round of sanctions on Belarus.

Lithuania and Latvia would join Poland if it decided to ask for emergency NATO consultation under Article 4 of the defence alliance's governing treaty, the presidents of the two countries said.

Under Article 4, any ally can request consultations whenever, in the opinion of any of them, their territorial integrity, political independence or security is threatened.

"The integration of Belarus into the Russian military system is now a done deal. NATO needs to change its strategy and military plans accordingly," Nauseda said.

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