Notre-Dame reconstruction plan inspires big promises, unorthodox designs
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- There are some interesting proposals for rebuilding Notre-Dame de Paris after the disastrous fire that destroyed parts of the cathedral a month ago today.
- The Canada of today owes a lot to the Winnipeg General Strike — and has much to learn from the events that took place 100 years ago today.
- Missed The National last night? Watch it here.
Notre-Dame de Paris has always inspired.
And the fire that destroyed the roof and spire of the Gothic cathedral one month ago today seems only to have enhanced that power.
More than €1 billion ($1.51 billion Cdn) of private money has been pledged towards the landmark's reconstruction, as France's richest families compete via largesse.
Today it was Canada's turn, with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau visiting the charred ruins and promising to send "steel or wood, or whatever help we can" to aid the reconstruction.
Last Friday, French MPs approved President Emmanuel Macron's fast-track plan to rebuild and reopen the church before Paris stages the 2024 Summer Olympics. The law is meant to help speed the process by cutting the red tape around planning, heritage and environmental issues.
But the five-year timeframe for repairing and refurbishing an edifice that took the better part of two centuries to build strikes some as overly hasty.
Late last month, close to 1,200 art, heritage and architecture experts signed an open letter, published in Le Figaro newspaper, calling on Macron to slow down.
"Let's take the time to find the right path and then, yes, set an ambitious deadline for an exemplary restoration," says the letter. "Let us not erase the complexity of the thought that must surround this site behind a display of efficiency."
The French public also seems to be cooling on the idea of a quick restoration, with 72 per cent saying they are opposed to the fast-track exemptions for Notre-Dame, according to a recent poll.
The principal problem is that no one is yet sure what the reconstruction will look like.
A couple of days after the fire, French Prime Minister Édouard Philippe announced that there would be an international contest to redesign the cathedral's spire — an 1859 addition to the medieval structure. And Macron has since expressed his desire for an end product that is "consistent with our modern, diverse nation," leading many to believe that he's leaning towards something radical.
Architects have responded to those cues and started releasing a wide variety of speculative designs for a new and improved Notre-Dame.
Paris-based architect Vincent Callebaut is proposing a glass roof and spire, which would function as a greenhouse that produces up to 19 tonnes of fresh fruit and vegetables each year. Hydrogen fuel cells in the glass would convert sunlight into power for the building, while the spire serves as a thermo-regulator, storing hot air during the winter and letting in cooling breezes in summer.
A graphic artist has suggested a virtual spire made of light.
concours architecture <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/NotreDame?src=hash&ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#NotreDame</a> voici mon projet, la reconstruction de la flèche en spots lumineux, avec une lumière centrale qui traverse le ciel <a href="https://t.co/YxRK3f6NtB">pic.twitter.com/YxRK3f6NtB</a>—@anthoatana
While another visionary is pitching a stained-glass roof.
And today, a Swedish firm that specializes in whimsical designs has unveiled its bid to place a public swimming pool atop Notre-Dame's roof.
"We are proposing a meditative public space; a complementary spatial experience to the building with unmatched views over Paris," says the pitch on the company's website, promising to let the original bell towers and rose windows "do the talking."
There are also slightly more practical ideas.
A proposal to make use of the space above Notre-Dame cathedral for car parking, by an unknown designer, has been published on Trust Me, I'm an Architect's Facebook page.<a href="https://t.co/5Y4gztYrDx">https://t.co/5Y4gztYrDx</a><a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/NotreDameCathedral?src=hash&ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#NotreDameCathedral</a> <a href="https://t.co/ccjNOUBRC7">pic.twitter.com/ccjNOUBRC7</a>—@ParkingReview
Early estimates suggest that rebuilding Notre-Dame in a more traditional way will cost €600 to €700 million ($900 million to $1.05 billion Cdn).
But while vast sums have been pledged towards reconstruction, only a fraction of the money has been collected.
La Fondation du Patrimoine, France's national heritage body, has received €218 million of the €900 million it has been promised.
While the Catholic Church-run Notre-Dame Foundation has taken in just €13.5 million ($20 million Cdn).
"The greater part of these donations have not yet materialized," the Archbishop of Paris, Michel Aupetit, said in a statement. "That is why the collection continues."
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Striking legacy of Winnipeg 1919
The Canada of today owes a lot to the Winnipeg General Strike — and has much to learn from the events of 1919, reporter Cameron MacIntosh writes.
One hundred years ago today, 30,000 men, women and children (yes, young kids) walked off the job in Winnipeg.
It would come to be known as the Winnipeg General Strike, and its ramifications spread far beyond the city where it began.
I have a story on The National tonight marking the occasion. It won't be a history lesson or an ode to labour. Rather, we sought to take a modern look at what the lessons of 1919 can tell us about the country we live in today.
While many in Winnipeg are aware that 1919 was important, not a lot of people know the specifics of what happened. The strike left class and ethnic tensions in the city for decades, and for many reasons, in many ways, the events were left to fade into history.
Now, 100 years later, it seems people want to know more.
So we took a walk, following what has become a very popular tour of the most prominent sites connected to the events that took place leading up to and during the strike. (One good thing about a slowly developing city like Winnipeg is that we are slow to knock our history over to build freeways and condos.)
What struck me and others on the tour was how much of what sparked the events of 1919 we see in Canada today. A shrinking middle class, concentration of wealth, and concerns over migration were all big issues then, just as they're common in the news now. They made prominent headlines in1919, contributing to the tension that caused so many people to take to the streets.
Meanwhile, the identity politics on display would be right at home today.
In the end the workers lost, but it's hard to deny that 1919 laid the foundation for some of the labour protections we see in Canada now. Old Age Security, a 40-hour work week, and minimum wage can all trace their history back to the streets and alleys of Winnipeg.
And a century later, the ramifications of the strike for both Winnipeg and the nation as a whole still make for a spirited debate over a pint of 1919 pale ale at a brew pub near where the final riot went down.
In the coming days, CBC Manitoba will be telling the story of the strike from various perspectives, with some unique digital story treatments. In the meantime, come take a walk with us on The National tonight.
- Cameron MacIntosh
- READ: The interactive feature about the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919
- WATCH: The National's story about the Winnipeg General Strike, tonight on CBC Television and streamed online
A few words on ...
The internet celebrates Arthur character Mr. Ratburn's gay wedding. <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/TheMoment?src=hash&ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#TheMoment</a> <a href="https://t.co/U1tAyn75tE">https://t.co/U1tAyn75tE</a> <a href="https://t.co/fG3mormwOC">pic.twitter.com/fG3mormwOC</a>—@CBCTheNational
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Today in history
May 15, 1963: Life and death in Duvalier's Haiti
Six years after his election as Haiti's president, François (Papa Doc) Duvalier is refusing to step down and threatening bloody chaos if anyone tries to force him out of power. He declares martial law and withdraws to his palace to wait out his opponents. The CBC's Kingsley Brown finds an impoverished and fearful nation, where Duvalier's personal terror organization, the Tonton Macoutes, kill those who dare step out of line.
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