Why President Trump is suddenly cozying up to Mexico on trade
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- The clock is ticking as President Trump searches for a win on the trade front, and he needs Mexico's goodwill to make it happen
- As new U.S. sanctions begin to bite, Iran's government is fighting back on multiple fronts
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Mexico-U.S. trade wrangling
Renegotiating an international trade deal is apparently easier than operating a speakerphone.
Donald Trump's big announcement of a revamped free trade pact with Mexico began inauspiciously this morning, as the U.S. president fumbled with his desk phone for more than a minute while camera shutters clicked, and television networks transmitted the uncomfortable scene live.
But apart from a pledge to give NAFTA an "elegant" new name — Trump suggested the "U.S.-Mexico Trade Agreement" — the president was rather short on specifics.
Several media outlets are reporting that the biggest change will come in the automotive sector, with car companies having to make 75 per cent of a vehicle's value in North America — up from 62.5 per cent — to move across the border tariff-free. The agreement also calls for the use of more domestically produced steel and aluminum, and stipulates that a certain percentage of parts must come from higher-wage factories.
In his Oval Office remarks, Trump suggested that he is indifferent as to whether Canada signs on, talking about how much money the U.S. could make from a tariff on Canadian-produced cars, and again referencing Ottawa's "300 per cent" duty on U.S. dairy products.
But Pena Nieto had already reached out to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to ask that Canada rejoin the U.S. and Mexico in talks this week, and he reiterated that request to Trump in this morning's conference call.
"It is our wish, Mr. President, that now Canada will also be able to be incorporated in all this," Pena Nieto said via a translator.
Trump's habitually harsh language about his southern neighbour — "Mexico is doing nothing for us except taking our money and sending us drugs," the president said during a June 21 cabinet meeting — has been replaced with tweets about fair deals and the "absolute gentleman" on the other side of the table.
Mexico's President-elect, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, certainly took notice.
"For some time now, he [Trump] has been very prudent in referring to Mexicans, or he hasn't said offensive things," he said late last week. "I have to thank him for that .... Up to now, things are going well. There has been respect."
Even if the renegotiated Mexico deal is finalized this week — and there remain significant questions about the energy sector — the timing will be tight for getting it through the U.S. Congress and signed before Pena Nieto leaves office on Dec. 1. And it is the leftist AMLO's party that now controls the Mexican senate, which must ratify the agreement.
Ottawa must also sign off — at least if the side deal is to become part of NAFTA.
All of which suggests that Trump may soon have to start saying nice things about Canadians, too.
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Iran seeks to soften sanctions' impact
As new U.S. sanctions begin to bite, Iran's government is fighting back on multiple fronts, launching a legal challenge, pressuring European powers to offset the economic costs, and threatening to shut American warships out of the Persian Gulf.
This morning, Iran went to the International Court of Justice in the Hague to request an emergency order lifting the Trump administration's new sanctions on the basis that they violate a dusty and long-forgotten 1955 treaty of "friendship and economic cooperation."
Iran's economy has taken a significant hit since the U.S. President pulled out of the international deal limiting Tehran's nuclear program in May, and began to reimpose sanctions earlier this month. The Iranian rial has lost half its value against the U.S. dollar, while inflation and unemployment are soaring. Multinationals like Total, KLM and British Airways are pulling out of the country for fear of American reprisals.
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani is asking those who remain party to the nuclear deal — France, the U.K., Russia, China and the EU — to help cushion the blow.
In a phone call with France's Emmanuel Macron today, Rouhani asked for European guarantees that Iran will be able to continue exporting oil, accessing the international banking system, and maintain air travel links.
"Iran has acted upon all its promises in the nuclear agreement and, with attention to the one-sided withdrawal of America ... expects the remaining partners to operate their programs more quickly and transparently," Rouhani said, according to a state news agency.
The diplomatic overtures were accompanied by some bellicose talk.
The new head of Iran's Navy told reporters that U.S. Navy ships don't belong in the Persian Gulf, noting that Tehran has full control of the Strait of Hormuz — a not-so-subtle threat to close access to the Gulf.
"The Persian Gulf is our home, so we can ensure the security of the Persian Gulf and there is no need for the presence of aliens like the U.S. and the countries whose home is not in here," said Rear Admiral Ali Reza Tangsiri, commander of the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps Navy.
Iran is also suggesting that it will seek an increased role in Syria, pledging to fully engage in the rebuilding of the country after its seven-year civil war, and continue its military and financial support of Bashar al-Assad's regime.
The external push against the sanctions comes at a time of turmoil for Rouhani's government.
On Sunday, members of Iran's parliament voted to impeach his finance minister over his handling of the U.S. sanctions and the plunging rial.
This is the second minister Rouhani has lost in such a fashion this month, as conservative factions take advantage of widespread public anger.
Rouhani himself is set to appear before parliament tomorrow to answer questions about his government's handling of the crisis.
Quote of the moment
"We have got to change. We've got to really stop and say to ourselves, 'There's something wrong. Why are young men willing to give up their life, or why don't they value somebody else's life?' We've got to figure this out."
- Florida Gov. Rick Scott after yet another mass shooting in his state, this time at a Jacksonville video game tournament, left three dead including the shooter, and wounded 11.
What The National is reading
- Myanmar military chiefs should face genocide case over Rohingya, UN team says (CBC)
- Congo rolls out trial Ebola treatment as death toll rises (Deutsche Welle)
- Pope keeps silent on abuse-claim letter (BBC)
- Humans responsible for more than 400 wildfires in B.C. this season (Edmonton Journal)
- Weight-loss pill hailed as 'holy grail' in fight against obesity (Guardian)
- The world's safest — and least safe — airlines revealed (Telegraph)
- Madame Tussauds suspends work on Malcolm Turnbull's wax figure (Sydney Morning Herald)
- Belugas and narwhals go through menopause (CBC)
Today in history
Aug. 27,1978: Sneakers fly off the shelves as running becomes popular
The idea of adults running when they weren't being chased was difficult to fathom in 1978. "Runners live in their own world," The National's Russ Patrick pronounces, listing their $1 lemonades, books and Perrier as proof. The average Canadian jogger was spending $100 a year on tube socks, Adidas shorts, headbands and imported shoes that could run up to $60 a pair. Blame Hollywood, as "just about every movie" seemed to feature a running scene.
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