Why tens of thousands are in the streets and facing fierce police push-back in Hong Kong
Newsletter: A closer look at the day's most notable stories
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- The crowd of tens of thousands who turned out in Hong Kong today to rally against a controversial new extradition bill brought to mind the massive "Occupy" democracy demonstrations of 2014.
- Schools in the U.S. are being "hardened" against attacks, and speaking to a survivor of the Columbine High School massacre helps put the issue into perspective.
- Blue Rodeo's Jim Cuddy gets nostalgic when he sees the current state of the Massey Hall renovation project.
- Missed The National last night? Watch it here.
Programming Note: The National will be delayed tonight on CBC's main network due to game seven of the Stanley Cup finals. It will air at its usual time, 21:00 ET, on CBC News Network and on CBC's digital platforms.
It was an unequal battle.
Police in Hong Kong used batons, water hoses, tear gas, rubber bullets and bean bag rounds against protesters in the city's centre today. A few responded by throwing rocks, but most were armed with little more than umbrellas, goggles, or pieces of plastic wrap to try and protect themselves from the stinging clouds of pepper spray.
The crowd of tens of thousands who turned out to rally against a controversial new extradition bill brought to mind the massive "Occupy" democracy demonstrations of 2014, which lasted for 79 days.
But after they swarmed the legislative council building and succeeded in delaying a scheduled debate, the hard push-back from authorities managed to largely clear the streets.
The proposed law would allow for criminal suspects to be transferred to mainland China for trial.
However, many fear that it will be used to target activists and dissidents, and the act's broad language has raised concerns that foreign residents and even visiting tourists and business people could fall under its provisions.
It may also help Beijing extend its reach into countries that it hasn't reached an extradition treaty with — like Canada, the United States and the U.K. — by having people from nations that Hong Kong has treaties with first sent there, and then on to Chinese jails.
The 1984 agreement between the United Kingdom and China for the return of Hong Kong was supposed to protect rights and institutions in the territory, under the principle of "one country, two systems."
Outgoing British Prime Minister Theresa May today expressed her worries that the bargain is being undermined. "It is vital that those extradition arrangements in Hong Kong are in line with the rights and freedoms that were set down in the Sino-British joint declaration," she told reporters.
Although practically speaking, there is nothing that Britain can do about it. And the reality is that freedoms in Hong Kong have been under sustained attack for quite some time.
A fringe, pro-independence political party has been banned, and several democracy activists have been barred from seeking office. In April, nine leaders of the 2014 protests were convicted on "public nuisance" charges, with four sentenced to jail for terms between eight and 16 months.
Several Hong Kong booksellers who found a niche selling works that have been banned on the mainland have gone missing and then reappeared in Chinese jails.
Beijing has also found new ways to exert its authority and control, decreeing that its laws now apply to train traffic and even inside Hong Kong's new high-speed rail station.
And while Hong Kong was permitted to mark the 30th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square massacre earlier this month, a key leader of those protests, Feng Congde, was turned away at the airport and sent back to his current home, the United States.
Things could be worse.
The 2019 Human Rights Watch report on China notes how Beijing has "dramatically stepped up repression and systematic abuses against the 13 million Turkic Muslims, including Uyghurs and ethnic Kazakhs, in China's northwestern Xinjiang region."
It also details how human rights and democracy activists continue to face imprisonment, arbitrary detention, sham prosecutions and enforced "vacations."
Last summer, veteran dissident Qin Yongmin was sentenced to 13 years in prison for "subversion of state power," adding to his life total of 22 years already spent in Chinese jails.
Dong Yaoqiong, a Hunan woman who livestreamed a protest video of herself defacing a poster of Chinese President Xi Jinping with ink, was committed to a psychiatric hospital for compulsory "treatment."
And anyone on the mainland who has dared to allude to the Tiananmen crackdown that killed a still untold number of peaceful protesters — whether via social media, or even slyly named booze bottles — has quickly found themselves under arrest.
WATCH - How a controversial extradition bill has united Hong Kong:
Hong Kong, in contrast, has a long history of mass protests, and they have sometimes even succeeded in getting Beijing to back down, as in 2003 when half-a-million hit the streets to rally against an anti-subversion bill.
But its eroding special status will come to a hard end in the not-too-distant future.
The "two systems" Basic Law agreement that came into effect at the handover only lasts for 50 years, and will expire in 2047, completely freeing China's hands.
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As Washington bureau reporter Paul Hunter looked into how schools in the U.S. are being "hardened" against attacks, a spur-of-the-moment interview helped put the issue into perspective.
Twenty years later, that word alone conjures up images of high school students running from gunfire and consoling each other in grief.
It was an awakening for the U.S. in so many ways.
This spring we spent time in Nevada, Oklahoma and Colorado putting together a documentary based on the school shootings that have rocked this country in more recent years, and the steps some American educators are taking to protect their students from such attacks.
Although our piece doesn't focus on Columbine, it was impossible to ignore it when we found ourselves interviewing a school security expert in Denver, just a few kilometres from that infamous high school.
Our expert happened to mention that one of the survivors of the Columbine shooting, Lauren Reese, lived not far away and had two children who were now attending school in his district.
Next thing you know, we were interviewing Reese — who still hasn't even told her own kids some of the details of that terrible day.
But what a story she told us.
Just 15 years old at the time, Reese was between classes and on a payphone with her mother that morning when, as she put it, "one of the shooters ran down the hallway and he actually pointed a gun, a sawed-off shotgun, in my direction and was shooting."
Reese dropped the phone and took cover in a nearby bathroom.
When she sneaked out, terrified but still unsure of the bigger picture, she heard her mom's voice shouting through the telephone still dangling where Reese had left it.
So she picked it up.
"I said, 'Mommy someone brought a gun to school.' And all she said was 'Go! Run!' and she's like 'I love you, bye.'"
She made it to safety, but 12 other students and a teacher didn't.
Reese is now an advocate for strengthening security at schools throughout the U.S., and she's one of the people in our documentary on The National airing tonight.
- WATCH: The story about the "hardening" of U.S. schools against attacks, tonight on The National on CBC Television and streamed online
Touring Massey Hall with Jim Cuddy
Blue Rodeo's Jim Cuddy gets nostalgic when he sees the current state of the renovation project at Massey Hall, Toronto's famouse music venue, producer Greg Hobbs writes.
When I invited Jim Cuddy to come along on The National's tour of Massey Hall in mid-restoration, I thought he'd have an interesting perspective to offer.
Having played its historic stage more than 40 times, the co-founder of Blue Rodeo has a special relationship with what he lovingly calls "the grand old hall." He wants the magic of the iconic venue, which turns 125 on Friday, to be preserved for decades to come.
What I didn't count on was Cuddy's enthusiasm for climbing into every nook and cranny of the building.
The Juno-award-winning performer and songwriter was interested in how the main hall and dressing rooms would be affected.
He had questions about historic heating systems, structural steel, and plaster craftsmanship.
He wanted to go up every ladder, pushing our guide, Massey's director of operations Grant Troop, at every turn.
Troop drew the line at Cuddy's repeated requests to climb up a crane through a hole in the roof, but other than that we had remarkable access — thanks in part to Cuddy's curiosity and tenacity.
Currently, the interior of Massey Hall is in a nearly unrecognizable state. The main hall is filled with scaffolding that supports a platform over the highest balcony (known as The Gallery), allowing workers easy access to the ceiling, where the original intricate plaster is being painstakingly restored.
The extent of the work at the site startled Cuddy, at first.
"You know, this is a bit sickening, because all the memories that people imbued in the wood and the upholstery, that's all gone," he said.
"But I also recognize that the grand old hall was under siege, and if this preserves it for another 100 years then that will have been worth it."
- Greg Hobbs
WATCH: Jim Cuddy and Ian Hanomansing's tour of the Massey Hall renovations, tonight on The National on CBC Television and streamed online
A few words on ...
In case you missed it, U.S. President Donald Trump’s so-called bromance with North Korean dictator Kim Jong-un is still on, despite little progress on denuclearization. <a href="https://t.co/UN5puVdysK">pic.twitter.com/UN5puVdysK</a>—@CBCTheNational
Quote of the moment
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Today in history
June 12, 1978: Pierre Trudeau's call for constitutional change
There is perhaps nothing more Canadian than a government white paper entitled "A Time for Action." But Pierre Trudeau is serious about moving ahead and patriating the Constitution with or without the agreement of the provinces. The premiers are outraged, and dismissive. "Profoundly insignificant," is René Lévesque's take. But Trudeau met his July 1, 1981, deadline and got his Canadian Bill of Rights too — although he failed to reform the Senate.
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