Science

Jeff Bezos rides on company's 1st passenger flight to space and back

Jeff Bezos blasted into space Tuesday on his rocket company's first flight with people on board, becoming the second billionaire in just over a week to ride his own spacecraft.

'Best day ever,' Bezos said after the capsule touched down on the desert floor

Jeff Bezos makes historic spaceflight with all-civilian crew

2 months ago
1:59
Amazon founder Jeff Bezos’s suborbital spaceflight on his Blue Origin rocket made history along with the three other civilians who launched into space with him. 1:59

Jeff Bezos blasted into space Tuesday on his rocket company's first flight with people on board, becoming the second billionaire in just over a week to ride his own spacecraft.

The Amazon founder was accompanied by a hand-picked group: his brother, an 18-year-old from the Netherlands and an 82-year-old aviation pioneer from Texas — the youngest and oldest to ever fly in space.

"Best day ever!" Bezos said after the capsule touched down on the desert floor at the end of the 10-minute flight.

Named after America's first astronaut, Alan Shepard, the Blue Origin rocket soared from remote West Texas on the 52nd anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing, a date chosen by Bezos for its historical significance. He held fast to it, even as Virgin Galactic's Richard Branson pushed up his own flight from New Mexico in the race for space tourist dollars and beat him by nine days.

Jeff Bezos, founder of Amazon and space tourism company Blue Origin, exits Blue Origin's New Shepard capsule after it parachuted safely down to the launch area with passengers Mark Bezos, Oliver Daemen and Wally Funk, near Van Horn, Texas, on Tuesday, July 20. (Blue Origin/The Associated Press)

Unlike Branson's piloted rocket plane, Bezos's capsule was completely automated and required no official staff on board for the up-and-down flight.

Blue Origin reached an altitude of about 66 miles (106 kilometers), more than 10 miles (16 kilometers) higher than Branson's July 11 ride. The 60-foot (18-metre) booster accelerated to Mach 3 or three times the speed of sound to get the capsule high enough, before separating and landing upright.

During their several minutes of weightlessness, video from inside the capsule showed the four floating, doing somersaults, tossing Skittles candies and throwing balls. Cheering, whooping and exclamations of "wow" could be heard. The capsule landed under parachutes, with Bezos and his guests briefly experiencing nearly six times the force of gravity, or 6 Gs, on the way back.

WATCH | Blue Origin rocket passengers goof off in space:

Blue Origin rocket passengers goof off in space

2 months ago
0:47
Four passengers aboard Amazon founder Jeff Bezos' Blue Origin spacecraft enjoyed floaty games during a brief period of weightlessness on Tuesday's flight that lasted approximately 10 minutes and reached an altitude of about 106 kilometres. (Blue Origin/Handout) 0:47

Led by Bezos, they climbed out of the capsule after touchdown with wide grins, embracing parents, partners and children, then popped open bottles of sparkling wine, spraying one another.

"My expectations were high and they were dramatically exceeded," Bezos said later.

Their flight lasted 10 minutes and 10 seconds — five minutes shy of Alan Shepard's Freedom 7 flight in 1961. Shepard's daughters, Laura and Julie, were introduced at a news conference a few hours later.

Sharing Bezos's dream-come-true adventure was Wally Funk, from the Dallas area, one of 13 female pilots who went through the same tests as NASA's all-male astronaut corps in the early 1960s but never made it into space.

"I've been waiting a long time to finally get it up there," Funk said after the flight.

"I want to go again — fast," she added.

Joining them on the ultimate joyride was the company's first paying customer, Oliver Daemen, a last-minute fill-in for the mystery winner of a $28 million US auction who opted for a later flight. The Dutch teen's father took part in the auction and agreed on a lower undisclosed price last week when Blue Origin offered his son the vacated seat.

Among the items brought on the flight: a pair of aviator Amelia Earhart's goggles and a piece of fabric from the original Wright Flyer.

"I got goosebumps," said Angel Herrera of El Paso, who watched the launch from inside Van Horn High School, about 40 kilometres away. "The hair on the back of my neck stood up, just witnessing history."

WATCH | A replay of the entire launch:

Billionaire Jeff Bezos blasts off on space travel company's first flight

2 months ago
13:14
The founder of Amazon became the second billionaire in over a week to ride his own spacecraft, the Blue Origin rocket. The passengers were hand-picked by the billionaire included his brother Mark, an 18-year-old from the Netherlands, and an 82-year-old aviation pioneer from Texas — the latter two the youngest and the oldest to ever fly in space. 13:14

How to get on the next two 2021 flights

Blue Origin — founded by Bezos in 2000 in Kent, Wash., near Amazon's Seattle headquarters — has yet to open ticket sales to the public or reveal the price. For now, it's booking auction bidders. Two more passenger flights are planned by year's end, said Blue Origin CEO Bob Smith.

The recycled rocket and capsule that carried up Tuesday's passengers were used on the last two space demos, according to company officials.

Virgin Galactic already has more than 600 reservations at $250,000 US apiece. Founded by Branson in 2004, the company has sent crew into space four times and plans two more test flights from New Mexico before launching customers next year.

Blue Origin's New Shepard rocket lifts off on Tuesday. The 18-metre booster accelerated to Mach 3 or three times the speed of sound to get the capsule high enough, before separating and landing upright. (Blue Origin/The Associated Press)

Blue Origin's approach was slower and more deliberate. After 15 successful unoccupied test flights to space since 2015, Bezos finally declared it was time to put people on board. The Federal Aviation Administration agreed last week, approving the commercial space licence.

Remarkable passengers for a space flight

Bezos, 57, who also owns The Washington Post, claimed the first seat. The next went to his 50-year-old brother, Mark Bezos, an investor and volunteer firefighter, then Funk and Daemen. They spent two days together in training.

University of Chicago space historian Jordan Bimm said the passenger makeup is truly remarkable. Imagine if the head of NASA decided he wanted to launch in 1961 instead of Alan Shepard on the first U.S. spaceflight, he said in an email.

"That would have been unthinkable!" Bimm said. ""It shows just how much the idea of who and what space is for has changed in the last 60 years."

Passengers of the Blue Origin ship enter the capsule near Van Horn, Texas, on Tuesday, before their 9 a.m. flight. (Blue Origin/The Associated Press)

Bezos stepped down earlier this month as Amazon's CEO and just last week donated $200 million US to renovate the National Air and Space Museum. Most of the $28 million US from the auction has been distributed to space advocacy and education groups, with the rest benefiting Blue Origin's Club for the Future, its own education effort.

Fewer than 600 people have reached the edge of space or beyond. Until Tuesday, the youngest was 25-year-old Soviet cosmonaut Gherman Titov and the oldest at 77 was Mercury-turned-shuttle astronaut John Glenn.

Both Bezos and Branson want to drastically increase those overall numbers, as does SpaceX's Elon Musk, who's skipping brief space hops and sending his private clients straight to orbit for tens of millions apiece, with the first flight coming up in September.

(Left to right) Mark Bezos, brother of Jeff Bezos; Jeff Bezos, founder of Amazon and space tourism company Blue Origin; Oliver Daemen, of the Netherlands; and Wally Funk, aviation pioneer from Texas, flew on Blue Origin's first space tourism flight today. (Blue Origin/The Associated Press)

Despite appearances, Bezos and Branson insist they weren't trying to outdo each other by strapping in themselves. Bezos noted this week that only one person can lay claim to being first in space: Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, who rocketed into orbit on April 12, 1961.

"This isn't a competition; this is about building a road to space so that future generations can do incredible things in space," he said on NBC's Today.

Blue Origin is working on a massive rocket, New Glenn, to put payloads and people into orbit from Cape Canaveral, Fla. The company also wants to put astronauts back on the moon with its proposed lunar lander Blue Moon; it's challenging NASA's sole contract award to SpaceX.

Included in the many people that Bezos thanked Tuesday was "every Amazon employee, and every Amazon customer. Because you guys paid for all this." Bezos has said he finances the rocket company by selling $1 billion in Amazon stock each year.

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