Science

Steel made without fossil fuels delivered for 1st time

Swedish green steel venture HYBRIT says it has made the world's first customer delivery of steel produced without using coal as it looks to revolutionize an industry that accounts for around eight per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions.

Swedish venture HYBRIT aims to replace coking coal with fossil-free electricity and hydrogen

Swedish venture HYBRIT aims to replace coking coal, traditionally needed for ore-based steel making, with fossil-free electricity and hydrogen. Hydrogen is a key part of the EU's plan to reach net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. (HYBRIT)

Swedish green steel venture HYBRIT said on Wednesday that it had made the world's first customer delivery of steel produced without using coal as it looks to revolutionize an industry that accounts for around eight per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions.

HYBRIT, owned by SSAB, state-owned utility Vattenfall and miner LKAB, said it would deliver the steel to truck-maker Volvo AB as a trial run before full commercial production in 2026.

"I'm happy to be minister for enterprise and energy in a country where industry is bubbling with energy for a [green] reset," Minister for Business, Industry and Innovation Ibrahim Baylan told a press conference on Wednesday.

HYBRIT started test operations at its pilot plant for fossil-free steel in Lulea, northern Sweden, a year ago.

It aims to replace coking coal, traditionally needed for ore-based steel-making, with fossil-free electricity and hydrogen. Hydrogen is a key part of the EU's plan to reach net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.

HYBRIT said on Wednesday that it had made the world's first customer delivery of steel produced without using coal. (Jan Lindblad Jr/HYBRIT)

SSAB, which accounts for 10 per cent of Sweden's and seven per cent of Finland's carbon dioxide emissions, said the trial delivery was an "important step towards a completely fossil-free value chain."

"The goal is to deliver fossil-free steel to the market and demonstrate the technology on an industrial scale as early as 2026," it said in a statement.

Another green steel venture, H2 Green Steel, is planning to build a fossil-fuel-free steel plant in the north of Sweden, including a sustainable hydrogen facility, with production starting in 2024.

Volvo said in April it would start production this year of prototype vehicles and components from the green steel.

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