Ottawa asks court to keep documents related to scientists' firing under wraps
Head of PHAC warned attorney general that sensitive or potentially injurious information would be disclosed
The Liberal government is asking the Federal Court to prohibit disclosure of documents related to the firing of two scientists at Canada's highest-security laboratory.
In doing so, it is challenging the long-held principle that the House of Commons is supreme and has unfettered power to demand the production of any documents it sees fit, no matter how sensitive they are and regardless of privacy or national security laws.
The court application, which says a public hearing may be necessary, names Commons Speaker Anthony Rota, a Liberal MP, as the respondent in the matter.
Rota told MPs on Wednesday that his argument will be "that the legal system does not have jurisdiction over the operations of the House. We are our own (court).
"That is something that we will fight tooth and nail to protect."
Opposition MPs said they were shocked by the court application.
"To be quite honest, when I was informed of this a few minutes ago, I could hardly believe it," Conservative House leader Gerard Deltell told the Commons.
"An order of the House is always an order of the House and nothing less and to see it legally challenged by the government of Canada, well, it's completely unbelievable."
Following a motion passed by opposition parties, Public Health Agency of Canada head Iain Stewart was hauled before the bar of the Commons on Monday to be reprimanded by Rota over his repeated refusal to provide the unredacted documents to MPs on the Canada-China relations committee.
Stewart had been ordered to turn over the documents to the parliamentary law clerk at that time but he refused once again.
"Mr. Stewart's intention is to comply with the law. It is not to defy Parliament," Stewart's lawyer said in a letter to Rota.
The letter said Stewart is prohibited by the Canada Evidence Act from disclosing "sensitive information or potentially injurious information" and that he had given notice of that to the attorney general, as required by law.
After considering the notice, the attorney general filed an application in Federal Court requesting an order confirming that the documents should remain under wraps.
The application says the disputed material is "information which if disclosed would be injurious to international relations or national defence or national security."
Opposition parties have joined forces to demand the documents in hopes that they'll shed light on why scientists Xiangguo Qiu and her husband, Keding Cheng, were escorted out of Winnipeg's National Microbiology Laboratory in July 2019 and subsequently fired last January.
They are also seeking documents related to the transfer, overseen by Qiu, of deadly Ebola and Henipah viruses to China's Wuhan Institute of Virology in March 2019.
Stewart has said the virus transfer had nothing to do with the subsequent firings. He's also said there is no connection to COVID-19, a coronavirus that first appeared in China's Wuhan province and which some believe may have been released accidentally by the virology institute.
Nevertheless, opposition parties continue to suspect a link and remain determined to see the unredacted documents.
Conservative MP calls for document seizure
Following Stewart's refusal to hand over the documents on Monday, Deltell raised a question of privilege, asking that Rota instruct the Commons sergeant-at-arms to search PHAC offices and seize the documents.
Alternatively, Deltell asked that the matter be referred to the procedure and House affairs committee to consider how to enforce the House order to produce the documents, with the sergeant-at-arms to search for and seize the documents if the committee fails to make a recommendation within four weeks.
With the House of Commons set to break later Wednesday for the summer — and possibly longer if Prime Minister Justin Trudeau calls an election — opposition MPs urged Rota to rule immediately on Deltell's question of privilege.
But Rota refused to be rushed. He said he wants to give a well thought-out ruling but hasn't had the time or resources to do that during the final week of extended sitting hours in the scramble to pass bills before the Commons rises for the summer.
The ruling will be made instead at the first sitting of the Commons in September. If there should be an election in the meantime, Rota said it will be up to the Speaker in the next Parliament — whoever that is — to decide whether to continue to pursue the matter.