Newfoundland faces possible food shortage as pandemic hammers key shipping company

The economic fallout of the pandemic may force a vital carrier of food and medicine to Newfoundland and Labrador to tie up its fleet of ships and stop delivering as much as half of the island’s food supply.

Oceanex looking for federal subsidy to keep supply ships running

The Oceanex shipping company is a primary source of freight services for the island of Newfoundland, including food and medicine. The company says the pandemic is cutting into its revenue and it needs a federal subsidy to continue delivering an essential service. (Oceanex)

The economic fallout of the pandemic may force a vital carrier of food and medicine to Newfoundland and Labrador to tie up its fleet of ships and stop delivering as much as half of the island's food supply.

Oceanex Inc. — which runs weekly trips from Montreal and Halifax to St. John's — says it is losing millions a week due to a drop in volumes caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.

It is asking the federal government to offset its losses so it can keep running supplies to St. John's.

"We just can't continue," said Sid Hynes, the company's executive chairman. "It's costing us $5 million a week to operate and we are about $2 million short."

Hynes said the company almost certainly will have to cancel one of its weekly trips from Montreal, tie up that boat and lay people off.

'Getting progressively worse'

He said the other Montreal trip and the weekly Halifax-to-St. John's run also may have to stop if Oceanex can't get federal financial support.

"It's getting progressively worse. It's not getting better," Hyne said. "This past week was worse than the previous week."

If Oceanex shuts down, it would create an immediate food security and public safety crisis in the province. 

Oceanex said it delivers 50 per cent of all freight to Newfoundland — and 75 per cent of all goods to the more heavily populated St. John's area on the northeast Avalon Peninsula.

It's the major supplier for Costco, Walmart and other major grocery stores in Newfoundland and Labrador and it delivers a significant amount of medicine and medical supplies to the province.

A five-day food supply

Newfoundland and Labrador Premier Dwight Ball warns that the island has just a five-day supply of food and that losing Oceanex's services could lead to critical shortages.

"For the many staples that we have in our life right now, Oceanex is the supplier," Ball told CBC News. "So we're literally less than a week away to running out of food that we eat and are part of our lifestyle here in our province."

So this critical supply line is looking for a lifeline from the federal government. Oceanex was struggling financially before the pandemic. It carries significant debt and most of its costs — such as fuel — can't be offset by government pandemic aid programs such as the wage subsidy.

Those problems have been compounded by a drop in shipping volumes that is flattening the company's revenue stream. Delivering new cars to Newfoundland dealerships makes up a significant portion of Oceanex's business in normal times — and it's hard to sell cars when people are barely driving.

WATCH | Newfoundland could face food shortage if key shipping company shuts down:

Newfoundland could face food shortage if key shipping company shuts down

2 years ago
Newfoundland and Labrador could face a food shortage if a company that brings in shipments of food and medicine, Oceanex, is forced to shut down because of financial losses caused by the pandemic. 1:54

Like almost every other company in Canada, Oceanex reached out to the federal government several weeks ago. It shared financial data with Transport Canada and the federal Department of Finance just before the holiday weekend.

Oceanex has asked for a subsidy to offset its $2 million weekly losses until at least September. Federal government officials were said to have spent the weekend working on the file.


"I want to assure Newfoundlanders that we will find a solution to this," Natural Resources Ministers and St. John's MP Seamus O'Regan told CBC News.

"We're looking at all the options right now. The most important thing is that the food supply chains ... that Newfoundlanders rely upon continue to stay in place."

Marine Atlantic is the other major supplier of food and supplies to the island of Newfoundland. The senior provincial source said the province has received some assurances that Marine Atlantic can fill the gap if Oceanex stops deliveries.

But a senior provincial government source argues that would mean securing extra trucking and marine capacity and re-routing existing supply lines — a complex task that would take time and would not guarantee that an already fragile food supply wouldn't be interrupted.

One of the big risks involved in trying to supply the island without Oceanex's services has to do with the availability of protein and fresh produce. Newfoundland and Labrador has a domestic dairy and poultry supply. But fresh vegetables, beef and pork are largely brought in by shipping container or truck — and Oceanex is a core part of that delivery system.

"We need a solution to this. Oceanex is a big part of the infrastructure within our province when it comes to food supply and medical needs, medical equipment in a time of a health crisis," Ball said. "The last thing we want to see is that disrupted."


David Cochrane is a senior reporter in CBC's Parliamentary bureau. He previously wrote for CBC Newfoundland and Labrador.

Add some “good” to your morning and evening.

A variety of newsletters you'll love, delivered straight to you.

Sign up now


To encourage thoughtful and respectful conversations, first and last names will appear with each submission to CBC/Radio-Canada's online communities (except in children and youth-oriented communities). Pseudonyms will no longer be permitted.

By submitting a comment, you accept that CBC has the right to reproduce and publish that comment in whole or in part, in any manner CBC chooses. Please note that CBC does not endorse the opinions expressed in comments. Comments on this story are moderated according to our Submission Guidelines. Comments are welcome while open. We reserve the right to close comments at any time.

Become a CBC Member

Join the conversation  Create account

Already have an account?