National Indigenous leaders plan Vatican visit to call for long-awaited papal apology

National Indigenous leaders are planning a visit to the Vatican this November to seek a papal apology for the Catholic Church’s role in running residential schools and other Canadian institutions that Indigenous students were forced to attend.

Discussions with bishops happening to request residential school apology, return of records and cultural items

Planning is taking place for national Indigenous leaders to meet Pope Francis later this year. (Tiziana Fabi/The Associated Press)

National Indigenous leaders are planning a visit to the Vatican this November to seek a papal apology for the Catholic Church's role in running residential schools and other Canadian institutions that Indigenous students were forced to attend.

National Chief Perry Bellegarde of the Assembly of First Nations and Vice-President David Chartrand of the Métis National Council told CBC News their organizations are working with the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops to send delegations.

"It's a very big part of healing," Bellegarde said. "Our missing children have not received the same dignity nor respect in death or in life that every human being deserves."

The leaders said the trip to the Vatican was supposed to have happened by now, but the pandemic pushed those plans back.

Now, with the discovery of what are believed to be the unmarked burial sites of children's remains adjacent to a former residential school in Kamloops, B.C., there's a greater push to secure a meeting with Pope Francis. 

The leaders want to invite the Pope to Canada to make an official apology directly to survivors and families.

They also intend to ask the Pope to instruct the church to release all records relating to residential schools, as well as Indigenous items seized from Canada that the Vatican may hold in its vaults.

Watch | Indigenous leaders plan to visit Pope

Indigenous leaders seek papal apology for Catholic Church’s role in residential schools

2 years ago
Duration 2:00
WARNING: This story contains distressing details. Residential school survivors, Indigenous leaders and advocates are calling on the Vatican for an official papal apology for the abuse and trauma inflicted on Indigenous children forced to attend the mostly Catholic Church-run institutions.

"That's a very big part of reconciliation," Bellegarde said. "The efforts and the energy will have to be doubled down, and greater energy and efforts put in place so that this becomes a reality."

'Do the right thing'

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau met Pope Francis at the Vatican in 2017 to ask for an apology.

Today, Trudeau said he spoke on Monday with Archbishop Richard Gagnon of Winnipeg — who is also the president of the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops — and Bishop Joseph Nguyen from the Roman Catholic Diocese of Kamloops to repeat that call for an apology.

"We discussed the importance of the Church working with Indigenous communities to address the harm and intergenerational trauma caused by residential schools in Canada," Trudeau said. 

"The church, the federal government, and all institutions must do the right thing and work together with Indigenous communities for truth and reconciliation, to ensure that families can mourn and heal."

The Catholic Church operated more than half of residential schools, which were open between 1831 and 1996, on behalf of the federal government. It is the only institution that has not yet made a formal apology. 

The church also ran day schools, which Chartrand attended as a child in Manitoba.

Although students at day schools did not sleep overnight, Chartrand said abuse was common.

From left to right, Assembly of First Nations National Chief Perry Bellegarde, Manitoba Metis Federation President David Chartrand and President of the Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami Natan Obed listen to a reporter's question on Parliament Hill in 2016. (Adrian Wyld/The Canadian Press)

He said that anytime he spoke his language, Ojibwe-Saulteaux, the nuns would whip the inside of his arm with a red rubber band that had metal inside. 

"It's like being burned with a match or a lighter," Chartrand said. 

"If I still spoke Saulteaux by accident, then they put a circle on the chalkboard and you go on your tiptoes and you put your nose in there. As your legs get tired and they come down ... they whip you in the back of your legs. You got your nose back in that circle."

Despite the pain he suffered, Chartrand said he remains a Catholic.

"I pray to God that God will forgive these priests and will forgive the church," Chartrand said. "But I do hope that the church will come to its senses and do the right thing."

'The apology that Indigenous peoples deserve'

The national organization representing Inuit, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami (ITK), is also calling for a papal apology and is in discussions with the other Indigenous organizations about the Vatican visit.

"Many Catholic entities in dioceses across Canada have apologized publicly for their role in the operation of residential schools. What survivors and their families seek is something separate from these important acts," wrote ITK President Natan Obed in a statement to CBC News.

"As we approach the 13th anniversary of the apology of the Government of Canada for the legacy of residential schools, we call on Pope Francis to deliver the apology that Indigenous peoples deserve."


Olivia Stefanovich

Senior reporter

Olivia Stefanovich is a senior reporter for CBC's Parliamentary Bureau based in Ottawa. She previously worked in Toronto, Saskatchewan and northern Ontario. Connect with her on Twitter at @CBCOlivia. Story tips welcome: olivia.stefanovich@cbc.ca.