Canada's interim ban on handgun imports now in effect

As of today, individuals and businesses are no longer able to import restricted handguns into Canada, with limited exceptions.

A long-term import freeze not expected to be approved until the fall

An assortment of guns and magazine clips.
Guns seized during a series of raids by Toronto police are displayed for the media. The federal government plans to implement a permanent freeze on the importation of handguns into the country. (Chris Young/The Canadian Press)

As of today, individuals and businesses are no longer able to import restricted handguns into Canada, with limited exceptions.

The move announced earlier this month is aimed at expediting a key pillar of the federal effort to cap the number of handguns in the country.

In May, the Liberal government announced a plan to implement a freeze on importing, buying, selling or otherwise transferring handguns, in order to help quell firearm-related violence.

The measure is part of a broader firearms-control package that would allow for the automatic removal of gun licences from people committing domestic violence or engaged in criminal harassment, such as stalking, as well as increase maximum penalties for gun smuggling and trafficking to 14 years from 10.

Last spring, to ensure the national freeze on handguns could be implemented swiftly, Public Safety Minister Marco Mendicino tabled regulatory amendments in both the House of Commons and the Senate.

However, the regulations are not expected to come into force until this fall, and the accompanying legislative measures have yet to be approved by Parliament.

The change kicking in today will last until a permanent freeze is passed in Parliament and comes into force.

'Universe of handguns has exploded'

Gun-control group PolySeSouvient praised the interim measure earlier this month as a creative step that would slow expansion of the handgun market.

Conservative public safety critic Raquel Dancho said the move targets law-abiding citizens and businesses rather than illicit and smuggled guns.

The government says freezing the number of handguns in Canada will make people safer, noting they were the most serious weapon present in most firearm-related violent crimes between 2009 and 2020.

In addition, the number of registered handguns in Canada increased by 71 per cent between 2010 and 2020, to about 1.1 million.

"The total universe of handguns has exploded," Mendicino said in an interview. "And at the same time, we've seen handgun violence go through the roof. That is not a coincidence — there is a correlation between those two trends.

"The growth of the universe of handguns makes them more accessible to everyone, and that includes criminals."

The Liberals also stress the importance of investing in prevention programs to tackle the root causes of gun crime and stop it before it starts.

In addition, the 2021 budget provided more than $312 million in new money to increase firearms tracing capacity and implement stronger border measures to counter gun smuggling and trafficking.

Mendicino points to a significant increase in gun seizures at the border last year compared to 2020 as evidence of progress.

"I'm confident that we're making progress in the fight against illegal gun trafficking at our borders."