Green party's Elizabeth May seemed destined for the cut and thrust of politics
From activist roots to the House of Commons, May has elevated her voice to the national stage
Three of Elizabeth May's ancestors signed the U.S. Declaration of Independence. As a girl growing up in Connecticut, she donated her savings to help promising candidates get elected to Congress. And future U.S. president Bill Clinton wrote a recommendation letter that helped her get into law school.
So perhaps it was inevitable that May would one day find herself in the thick of party politics — albeit in her adopted homeland north of the border.
Since becoming Green party leader nine years ago, May, 61, has won a seat in the House of Commons and — sometimes through sheer force of personality — a voice in the national conversation.
She now faces her toughest test: gaining the support of enough voters to parlay a parliamentary foothold of two seats — Ontario MP Bruce Hyer is the only other Green member — into a more influential presence.
The party has set a goal of about 16 seats — hoping to build in British Columbia on the strength of May's 2011 Vancouver Island breakthrough as well as in other pockets around the country.
Twelve seats in the Oct. 19 election would confer official party status and the additional resources that go with it.
The party's overriding goal, though, is to have enough MPs to sway decision-making in what many expect to be a minority Parliament.
The Greens have made it clear they're willing to work with any party that will pursue their policies on issues including climate change, pharmacare and electoral reform.
Collaboration is fundamental to May's approach.
"My vision comes from an unusually political childhood, an activist upbringing, and a deep love of democracy," she wrote in her 2014 book, "Who We Are: Reflections on My Life and Canada."
"It comes from knowing that working together changes the world."
Birth of an environmentalist
May was born in the United States and spent her formative years there. Her mother was active in the peace and civil rights movements as well as political campaigning — efforts that left an indelible mark on the young Elizabeth growing up in rural Connecticut.
One day the family's beloved lamb died mysteriously. In junior high school years later, May read about pesticide poisoning of sheep in Arizona. Her inquiry to the town of Bloomfield, Conn., revealed that pesticides had indeed been sprayed along the roads where the lamb liked to walk.
An environmentalist was born, and the experience would lead May to an instrumental role in the movement against planned aerial insecticide spraying on Nova Scotia forests.
May came to Canada as a teenager in 1972 when her family — struck with the beauty of Cape Breton — opened a restaurant on the Cabot Trail.
The family's meagre finances prevented May from doing undergraduate studies, but she later won special admission to Dalhousie University in Halifax, where she earned a law degree.
In 1986 she became a senior policy adviser to Tom McMillan, environment minister at the time in the Progressive Conservative government of Brian Mulroney. May was hired despite her lack of party credentials precisely because she was the sort of person who would quit on principle — which she did after two years.
While there, however, she helped create several national parks and was involved in negotiating the Montreal Protocol to protect the ozone layer.
Work on many environmental, consumer and aboriginal causes followed. May left her job as executive director of the Sierra Club of Canada in 2006 to successfully run for the Green party leadership.
She is an active parliamentarian and passionate speaker who relishes the opportunity to participate in question period. May is a stickler for decorum who will sit down if heckled, waiting for the Speaker to restore order.
That respect for tradition made May's much-publicized rant at this year's press gallery dinner seem out of character. Tired and appearing over-refreshed, she profanely admonished the Harper cabinet before being whisked off stage and later apologizing.
Being leader of a party of just two MPs means she must stay apprised of all key issues. With no public safety critic in her tiny caucus, she spent hours in committee last spring proposing amendments to the government's omnibus security bill.
May's depth of knowledge "is unlike any politician I've ever met," said Mark Neufeld, a Victoria high-school teacher who has invited her to speak several times.
He recalls one bright student asking her to explain in five minutes or less how to tackle climate change at a national level.
"And I watched her do it on the whiteboard," Neufeld said. "And I'd never seen anything like that. I was just so impressed at her willingness to do it, and not sort of give a trite answer."