Politics

'Stop playing politics' with flood-threatened Kashechewan, regional chief says

The Grand Chief of the territory governing Kashechewan First Nation in northern Ontario is tearing into the federal government over an unfulfilled promise to relocate the community to higher ground.

'Is it going to take lives to be lost? Is that what they're waiting for?' says Grand Chief Jonathan Solomon

Approximately 2,500 people in Kashechewan are preparing to leave their homes for a scheduled evacuation on April 21. (Erik White/CBC )

The Grand Chief of the territory governing Kashechewan First Nation in northern Ontario is tearing into the federal government over an unfulfilled promise to relocate the community to higher ground.

"They need to stop playing politics with the lives of the people," said Grand Chief Jonathan Solomon of the Mushkegowuk Council.

"Get serious. What is it going to take to be able to expedite the process? Is it going to take lives to be lost? Is that what they're waiting for?"

Kashechewan is a Cree community on the James Bay coast. Every spring, its residents evacuate temporarily to escape the floodwaters of the Albany River. About 2,500 community members are preparing to leave the reserve on April 21.

The annual evacuations, funded by the federal government, cost between $18 million and $22 million, according to Solomon.

The issue was brought up in question period in the Commons on Thursday when independent MP Jane Philpott — who served as Indigenous Services minister and Treasury Board president before resigning in protest over the SNC-Lavalin affair — said Kashechewan Chief Leo Friday called her recently to voice concerns about the risk facing his community and the resiliency of the dike protecting it.

Independent Ontario MP Jane Philpott asks about this year's annual evacuation of Kashechewan First Nation in Northern Ontario 1:14

"Our country spends millions of dollars annually for evacuations and for repairing flood-damaged homes," Philpott said. "When can we expect a serious commitment to funding the relocation that the community has been asking for years?"

'Passing the buck'

Solomon, however, questions why Philpott herself couldn't secure the funds needed to move the community before she quit cabinet.

"Ms. Philpott had the opportunity to address this," Solomon said. "To me, you're passing the buck to someone else, which you could've made a difference as a minister."

People in Kashechewan feel misled and betrayed, said Solomon, because a tripartite agreement was signed between the First Nation and the federal and Ontario governments in 2017 to develop an action plan on relocation.

Mushkegowuk Council Grand Chief Jonathan Solomon told CBC News he wants to see action on the relocation plan soon. (Olivia Stefanovich/CBC)

The federal government says it is still working on a plan.

"Our commitment to a long-term relocation plan has not changed," Dan Vandal, Liberal MP and parliamentary secretary to the minister of Indigenous Services, told Philpott in the Commons.

"The member would know very well, from her work as minister of Indigenous Services and president of the Treasury Board, the work that is underway to deliver on this commitment."

No mention of relocation in federal budget

Indigenous Services officials have been meeting with the community for years, according to Solomon.

He said he'd hoped to see money allocated in the 2019 federal budget to begin the process of relocating the reserve to higher ground in an area known as Site 5, which is 30 kilometres to the south of the existing community.

Each spring, the rising waters of the Albany River threaten Kashechewan First Nation. (Brent Nakoochee)

"It was very disappointing to not be mentioned at all," Solomon said. "You would think that things would be more ahead than they are right now."

Carolyn Bennett the Minister of Crown Indigenous Relations spoke with the CBC's Chris Rands after Question Period on Thursday 1:23

The government is still working with the community on the technical aspects of the move, said Indigenous Services Minister Seamus O'Regan.

O'Regan confirmed land for the relocated community has not yet been secured, even though the community itself is preparing to start building a road to Site 5 — with or without the federal government's help.

"It takes a lot more time than I think we would all like," O'Regan told CBC News on Wednesday.

"In the meantime, our officials community are in touch all the time to make sure that this move once again happens as seamlessly as possible. And we've allocated money, of course, to dikes and repairs to make sure that the amount of damage that's caused this year is minimized."

In 2017, the children of Kashechewan drew pictures for a visit by Crown-Indigenous Relations Minister Carolyn Bennett and then Ontario Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation Minister David Zimmer to urge the federal and provincial governments to move their community to higher ground. (Olivia Stefanovich/CBC)

Despite the fact that the relocation was not mentioned in the federal budget, Indigenous Services Canada told CBC News the government hopes to put the road project out for tender some time this year.

Several studies are underway to determine the best way to move the community to a new location within the next eight to 10 years.

Relocation is pegged to cost between $500 and $800 million. The community itself has estimated the cost at closer to $1 billion.

About the Author

Olivia Stefanovich

Senior reporter

Olivia Stefanovich is a senior reporter for CBC's Parliamentary Bureau based in Ottawa. She previously worked in Toronto, Saskatchewan and northern Ontario. Connect with her on Twitter at @CBCOlivia. Send story tips to: olivia.stefanovich@cbc.ca.

With files from CBC's Erik White

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