Politics

Feds pushed to abandon trade talks with Brazil over Amazon deforestation from fires

The federal government is being urged to join France and Germany and halt trade talks with Brazil after another summer of record-breaking fires in the Amazon rainforest.

Canada previously resisted such calls in effort to diversify trade partners

Greenpeace Canada is calling on the federal government to suspend trade talks with Brazil after new data from Brazil's own space agency shows the fire devastation in the Amazon rainforest is even worse this year than in 2019. Most fires are created intentionally by cattle farmers. 7:38

The federal government is being urged to halt trade talks with Brazil after another summer of record-breaking fires in the Amazon rainforest.

New data from Brazil's own space agency show the fire devastation in the rainforest is even worse this year than in 2019, when 30 per cent more of the forest was destroyed compared with the year before.

Between January and the end of July, an area almost twice the size of Prince Edward Island had burned, and recent reports show the trend continued in August.

France and Germany have both halted further movement to ratify Europe's free-trade deal with the Mercosur bloc, which includes Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay. Greenpeace Canada campaign manager Reykia Fick said Canada needs to pull out of trade talks with Mercosur, too.

"The government cannot be rewarding the destruction of the Amazon," she said. "It cannot be opening the market to precisely the products that are driving the devastating Amazon fires and ongoing deforestation and destruction that we see, and claim to be responsible about climate change."

Deal 'must be abandoned'

A year ago, Canada resisted such calls, saying diversifying its trading partners was critical and that any deal would include environmental protections.

Ottawa began exploring talks with the Mercosur bloc in 2017 and official negotiations began a year later. Six rounds of talks took place between March 2018 and June 2019, but no talks have occurred since then, said Ryan Nearing, press secretary for International Trade Minister Mary Ng.

A fire consumes the Amazon rainforest in Altamira, Brazil, in 2019. New data shows that in 2020, the devastation is worse than it was during the previous year. (Leo Correa/The Associated Press)

"Canada is firmly committed to the principle that trade liberalization and environmental protection should be mutually supportive," he said in a written statement.

"We recognize that the health of forests in the region is of great importance to the well-being of the planet, and we are seeking an ambitious, comprehensive and enforceable environment chapter within a free-trade agreement with Mercosur."

Fick said Canada can't pursue the agreement and claim to be a climate leader.

"Under these circumstances, having some clauses or wording is just not going to cut it," she said. "The trade deal is fundamentally flawed and it must be abandoned. It must be stopped publicly with a clear message about why."

Meat exports to Canada could rise

Brazil is the world's biggest exporter of beef, though its meat exports to Canada are limited. In 2018, about $30 million of beef was imported into Canada from Brazil, compared with more than $3 billion in beef exported from Brazil to China.

However, in July, Brazil's Confederation of Agriculture and Livestock said a free-trade agreement with Canada could see meat exports to Canada rise by more than $1.8 billion.

Cattle ranches are blamed for much of the rainforest destruction as forest is cleared to make way for more pastures. Many of the fires are believed to be started illegally by ranchers to clear even more land.

While Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has deployed the military to try to stop the fires, the forest continues to burn at a rate of about two or three football fields every minute. Bolsonaro was elected on a promise to proceed with rapid development of the Amazon. He has pushed plans to add bridges, highways, dams, mines and logging operations.

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has pushed for further development of the Amazon rainforest, despite ordering troops to fight fires and deforestation in the region. (Sergio Lima/AFP/Getty Images)

The Amazon rainforest is one of the most critical habitats in the world, producing as much as one-fifth of the world's oxygen and storing carbon dioxide that would otherwise cause massive increases to global warming.

Fick said Greenpeace would spend Saturday, a global day of action to protect rainforests, reaching out to multiple Canadian leaders and urging them to back away from further trade with Brazil.

"What is happening in Brazil is at a crisis level and it will have global impacts in terms of what happens in the Amazon," she said. "The urgency and the scale of what we have, what the potential negative impact would have, of this trade deal are just especially striking."

Comments

To encourage thoughtful and respectful conversations, first and last names will appear with each submission to CBC/Radio-Canada's online communities (except in children and youth-oriented communities). Pseudonyms will no longer be permitted.

By submitting a comment, you accept that CBC has the right to reproduce and publish that comment in whole or in part, in any manner CBC chooses. Please note that CBC does not endorse the opinions expressed in comments. Comments on this story are moderated according to our Submission Guidelines. Comments are welcome while open. We reserve the right to close comments at any time.

now