Federal lawyers uniquely positioned in coming labour turmoil

The Harper government has promised hard-nosed contract talks this year with most of its public-sector unions, but one group may be in for a somewhat easier ride: lawyers.
Before entering politics, Justice Minister Peter MacKay was crown counsel in Nova Scotia. (Andrew Vaughan/The Canadian Press)

The Harper government has promised hard-nosed contract talks this year with most of its public-sector unions, but one group may be in for a somewhat easier ride: lawyers.

The Conservative government last year signed a deal with its lawyers that gave them a whopping 12 per cent salary increase for the current year. And the workforce downsizing that hit most departments has not been nearly as severe among the 2,500 federal lawyers at the Justice Department and elsewhere.

6 out of 10 lawyers get annual bonus

Tony Clement, president of the Treasury Board, has warned public servants they face new performance reviews to weed out poor workers.

But the lawyers' group already has such reviews embedded in its contract, the only federal union with such a provision.

And those performance reviews have an upside for some lawyers, who can get up to seven per cent of their salaries for a job well done. Six of every 10 lawyers earn the lump-sum bonus each year.

The fledgling union that represents federal lawyers, the Association of Justice Counsel, filed notice last week that it wants to start talks with Treasury Board on a new deal to replace the current one, which expires in early May.

Union finds 'sympathetic ear' in Tory government 

And the union president says federal lawyers have a good case for further contract improvements, noting there are sympathetic ears among Conservatives.

"Our members are the people who draft the anti-terror legislation. They're the ones who prosecute the terrorists and drug dealers. They're the ones who go after the tax cheats," Lisa Blais said in an interview.

"This is a law-and-order government and they'd be hard-pressed to load on the responsibilities but take away the resources. ... Optically, it would be very difficult."

2012 deal included 15.25 per cent raise over 3 years

Blais' union negotiated the current deal in 2012. Talks appeared headed for arbitration when Treasury Board had a sudden change of heart and agreed to a 15.25 per cent salary increase over three years, with most of the hike in the final year, 2013-2014.

Ten per cent of that hike was simply to help keep salaries in line with Crown lawyers working for the provinces, after what Blais calls 20 years' of steady erosion.

Treasury Board seemed to soften its position after a March 2012 Senate committee report on organized crime noted that salaries in the Public Prosecution Service of Canada were at least 40 per cent below those of Crown prosecutors working for the provinces.

Crown prosecutors 'not paid enough': Tory MP

The committee, dominated by Conservatives, called on the government to review salary levels at the service, which employs some 15 per cent of all federal lawyers. And last November, a Conservative member of the House of Commons finance committee, Brian Jean, acknowledged at a meeting that "Crown prosecutors are not paid enough."

A lawyer himself, Jean practised for 11 years in Fort McMurray, Alta., and told the committee he made twice as much money in the private sector as Crown prosecutors who had much more experience.

Jean announced last week he is returning to private life. Indeed, some 45 MPs in the Commons list their occupation as lawyer — the second most common after businessperson (56 MPs) — presumably giving them insight into the legal profession's challenges.

Clement and Justice Minister Peter MacKay are both lawyers, and MacKay was a Crown counsel in Nova Scotia.

'Still some catching up to do' 

Blais says her members, unionized since 2006, welcomed last year's deal, but adds there's more to be done.

"This is just the beginning, in our view, of closing a 20-year wage gap," she said.

"We still have some catching up to do."

Compensation for federal lawyers ranges widely under the current contract, from about $70,000 annually to $200,000 or more. The average is well over $100,000.

A spokeswoman for Clement, Heather Domereckyj, called the 2012 agreement "the best deal possible," a way to avoid binding arbitration that might have resulted in a more expensive contract.

The government has since tilted playing field heavily in favour of the employer.

Omnibus bill gave government more clout in labour negotiations

The omnibus Bill C-4 amended key sections of the Public Service Labour Relations Act to give Treasury Board more clout in labour negotiations — amendments carefully drafted by federal lawyers whose union now will have to live by the new rules.

"These are reasonable changes so that critical factors, like the need to recruit and retain qualified employees and whether the government can afford the increases, are given due consideration through the course of collective bargaining," Domereckyj said in an email.

Lawyers remain key to drafting and implementing the Harper government's touted law-and-order agenda, handling some 50,000 litigation files at any given time, a level growing by as much as four per cent annually.

That heavy load was behind a 12 per cent jump in the number of lawyers working for the federal government in the four years ending March 2012, to 2,536, said Carole Saindon, a Justice Department spokeswoman.

More public service union contracts set to expire in 2014

The numbers declined to 2,448 last year, though Blais acknowledges "we haven't been as hard hit as some departments."

No dates have been set for contract talks with Treasury Board, which is also negotiating with more than a dozen public-sector unions whose contracts are all expiring at the same time. With a deficit to wipe out in time for the 2015 election, the government is looking to hold the line on public-sector wages and benefits.