Politics

Behind-the-scenes work on skills policy detailed in election-tinged documents

Government documents have revealed that top civil servants were told their departments don't know what the jobs of the future will look like, and employers' demands for skills will change more frequently.

Much of the work for the next government is already well underway

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announcing spending on the Canada Summer Jobs program in Toronto in 2016. (Aaron Vincent Elkaim/The Canadian Press)

Top Canadian civil servants have been told that their departments don't know what the jobs of the future will look like and that employers' demands for skills will change more frequently.

The admission is in voluminous material prepared for deputy ministers as they get ready for the fall election and the prospect of a new party taking power or the Liberals' being re-elected with new priorities.

A series of briefing notes and detailed, lengthy presentations show that much of the work for the next government is already well underway and more than 100 policy ideas at various levels of ambition have been generated since October 2018. A subset of them, chosen and tweaked to match the winning party's declared agenda, will be presented to the new government after the election.

In the meantime, the details have been blacked out from the documents because they are considered sensitive advice to government.

But what comes through in the documents is that although federal officials have grappled for years with how to limit the disruption to workers' lives in the transition to a more digital economy, just what Canada might do is still a little fuzzy.

This is also despite the fact the Liberals' pre-election budget put aside more than $1.7 billion over five years to create a tax credit and pay for dedicated time off for workers to take skills-training programs, starting next year.

Future of automated work

The lack of detail isn't surprising to Sean Hinton, chief executive of SkyHive, a B.C.-based company that uses artificial intelligence to identify what skills workers need for different jobs — which aren't always what employers or employees think they are.

Governments keep thinking in terms of what jobs will be automated and which ones will be short of workers, which creates a disconnect in crafting skills-training programs, Hinton said.

By looking instead at skills that the economy needs, rather than what jobs need to be filled, policy-makers could design more useful skills-training programs, he said.

"One thing we can be proud of is we are having the discussion," Hinton said.

"There are a lot of countries in the world that are not having this discussion, and the impact on their economies and societies is going to be profound because things are going to change so rapidly and they're not going to be prepared for it."

The presentation to deputy ministers says fewer than five per cent of occupations might eventually be fully automated, turning workers who hold those jobs now out into the street.

At the same time, up to 10 per cent of new occupations will require new workers, but "those people who lose their jobs to automation would not be a match" for the "new high-tech jobs created," reads one of the documents, obtained by The Canadian Press under the access-to-information law.

The speed at which this will all happen is unclear, but Hinton suggested the policy talk might have to move faster depending on what sector the government is looking at.

Adapting to AI

He pointed to studies suggesting just over half the workforce will need some form of re-skilling by 2022. The government has to keep ahead of those needs, he said, using the coal sector as an example as federal policy shifts to renewable energy resources.

"This issue is not an issue of economics solely. This issue is an issue of society, it's an issue of families, it's an issue of dignity and people's contributions to communities," he said. People need to be prepared for change before it hits, not after.

"In support of those people, we can't be doing that in three years and we should have been doing that a long time ago."

His company has caught the attention of tech giants south of the border and government officials in Ottawa because of its work to assesses skills changes in real time using artificial intelligence — a nod to concerns that federal data on the job market might not be current enough for individuals as they make decisions about their futures.

"The government has pretty solid labour-market information as it relates to job-level movements and trends, today or historically, but with new technology what we're able to do is actually go much more granular to the actual movements that are happening within those jobs," Hinton said.

"The question is, is the policy work and the strategy work being predicated on job-level analysis or is it being predicated on real-time analysis?"

Comments

To encourage thoughtful and respectful conversations, first and last names will appear with each submission to CBC/Radio-Canada's online communities (except in children and youth-oriented communities). Pseudonyms will no longer be permitted.

By submitting a comment, you accept that CBC has the right to reproduce and publish that comment in whole or in part, in any manner CBC chooses. Please note that CBC does not endorse the opinions expressed in comments. Comments on this story are moderated according to our Submission Guidelines. Comments are welcome while open. We reserve the right to close comments at any time.