Cellphone privacy at issue in Supreme Court ruling today

The Supreme Court of Canada will rule Thursday whether the police have the right to search someone's cellphone when that person is arrested.

Canada's top court to rule whether police have the right to search a phone upon someone's arrest

The Supreme Court case comes out of a 2009 armed robbery in Toronto where police found a cellphone containing evidence during arrests.

The Supreme Court of Canada will rule Thursday whether the police have the right to search people's cellphones when they're arrested.

It's a case that could have wider privacy implications, including for smartphones and tablets.

There has been no single guideline for searching cellphones during arrests, though the court last year found that special authorization is needed to search computers and cellphones during the execution of a search warrant. That case involved searches of a location, such as a house, and didn't specifically address a search during an arrest.

The decision is also likely to deal with password protection, an issue mentioned in the ruling by the lower court.

Thursday's case comes out of a 2009 armed robbery in Toronto where police found a cellphone when they patted down Kevin Fearon and Junior Chapman, the men they were arresting.

When police looked at the text messages on the phone, they found a draft message that referred to jewelry and included the phrase "we did it."

They also found a photo of a handgun.

Passwords protect

The police can search a cellphone if it's reasonable to believe there may be evidence of a crime on it, or if they think it holds information needed to prevent another crime.

In this case, officers thought it was urgent to find the handgun used in the robbery and to find the jewelry before it could be hidden or sold.

The police applied for a search warrant months later, which was granted.

The trial judge found the text message and photo could be submitted as evidence and Fearon was found guilty.

In his appeal, Fearon's lawyer argued that his client's right to be free of unreasonable search and seizure was breached.

The Ontario Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal in a unanimous decision.

"If the cellphone had been password protected or otherwise 'locked' to users other than the appellant, it would not have been appropriate to take steps to open the cellphone and examine its contents without first obtaining a search warrant," Robert P. Armstrong wrote in the February 2013 decision.

The B.C. Civil Liberties Association intervened in the lower court hearing and in the Supreme Court case to argue that police should only search a cellphone in an emergency.

With files from The Canadian Press


To encourage thoughtful and respectful conversations, first and last names will appear with each submission to CBC/Radio-Canada's online communities (except in children and youth-oriented communities). Pseudonyms will no longer be permitted.

By submitting a comment, you accept that CBC has the right to reproduce and publish that comment in whole or in part, in any manner CBC chooses. Please note that CBC does not endorse the opinions expressed in comments. Comments on this story are moderated according to our Submission Guidelines. Comments are welcome while open. We reserve the right to close comments at any time.

Become a CBC Member

Join the conversation  Create account

Already have an account?