CBSA warned Bill Blair that organized crime groups may be corrupting border officers

Canada's border agency says there is “growing evidence” that organized crime groups are trying to corrupt its officers.

Briefing note to the minister warns that groups are 'seeking to exploit CBSA systems, processes and personnel'

A Canada Border Services Agency officer inspects a vehicle at the primary inspection booth at the Douglas-Peace Arch border crossing in Surrey, British Columbia on Tuesday, March 3, 2020. (Ben Nelms/CBC)

Canada's border agency says there's "growing evidence" that organized crime groups are trying to corrupt its officers, leading to a growing number of cases of drug and firearm smuggling.

The warning was included in a set of documents prepared for Public Safety Minister Bill Blair when he took over the job late last year. The documents were obtained by CBC News through an access to information request.

Under the heading "increasing threat complexity," the CBSA warns of "growing evidence of transnational criminal organizations seeking to exploit CBSA systems, processes and personnel and employing increasingly sophisticated concealment methods."

The phrase "CBSA systems" refers to agency computer systems conducting data processing, record-keeping, communications, telecommunications, account inventory and account management, along with CBSA's websites and electronic applications.

The briefing binder goes on to warn of a growing number of cross-border incidents involving "smuggling, counterfeit goods, human trafficking, money laundering and proceeds of crime ... resulting in greater potential for Canadians to be exposed to harmful contraband" such as illegal firearms and drugs.

The CBSA wouldn't say which crime organizations were the subject of its warning to the minister, or how many personnel are suspected of being involved.

It did say members of crime groups have been linked to incidents of seized goods, passenger interdictions, inadmissible persons and contraband smuggling, along with other violations of the Customs Act, the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act and various Criminal Code sections.

"To maintain their integrity, the CBSA and its federal and law enforcement partners do not disclose specific details on intelligence or other investigations," said spokesperson Rebecca Purdy in an email to CBC News.

"However, we can tell you that there are numerous internal controls, policies and procedures in place to ensure the integrity of our operations and our systems. For example, CBSA systems security is supported by a devoted internal team, Shared Services Canada, as well as the Canadian Centre for Cyber Security."

AG flagged issues back in 2017

While it sounds like a plotline ripped from a Martin Scorsese movie, Canadian custom agents have been implicated in official corruption in the past.

Antonio Nicaso, a Mafia expert who teaches courses on organized crime at Queen's University, said Canadian ports and airports have a long history of corruption.

"They are able to corrupt people who work at the airport to avoid the scrutiny. People working at any level at the airport, people with assignments like cleaning, stuff like that, vendors," he said.

"There's always a system."

Toronto Police display guns seized during a series of raids. The CBSA reports a 'rising incidence of smuggling, counterfeit goods, human trafficking, money laundering and proceeds of crime.' (Chris Young/The Canadian Press)

Operation Coliseum, a multi-year police probe targeting organized crime in Montreal, exposed how the infamous and powerful Rizzuto family had lured people working in customs and the airline industry into its cocaine smuggling world.

"They were practically able to corrupt a couple of agents and so they were able to pass through customs without an inspection," Nicaso said.

"You can't say the agency is corrupt, of course. It's just a few people corrupted, but that happened in the past ... there are bad apples everywhere."

A 2017 Auditor General's report found that while the Canada Border Services Agency and Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada both developed controls to curb corruption, "neither organization adequately monitored the controls to ensure they were working as intended."

"This left the organizations and their officials vulnerable to corruption," the report continued. "For example, neither organization used available information proactively to detect staff activities that could indicate potential corruption."

CBSA's recent warning to the minister shows the risk hasn't gone away.

Documents obtained by CBC News through a different access to information request outlined a long list of allegations filed against Canada Border Services Agency officers since the start of 2018 — including a handful of allegations of criminal association.

The files are heavily redacted and it's not clear whether the allegations were ever verified.

Canada employs about 6,500 border officers at land crossings, airports, marine terminals, rail ports and postal facilities, tasked with keeping illicit goods and dangerous people from entering the country.

Add some “good” to your morning and evening.

A variety of newsletters you'll love, delivered straight to you.

Sign up now


To encourage thoughtful and respectful conversations, first and last names will appear with each submission to CBC/Radio-Canada's online communities (except in children and youth-oriented communities). Pseudonyms will no longer be permitted.

By submitting a comment, you accept that CBC has the right to reproduce and publish that comment in whole or in part, in any manner CBC chooses. Please note that CBC does not endorse the opinions expressed in comments. Comments on this story are moderated according to our Submission Guidelines. Comments are welcome while open. We reserve the right to close comments at any time.

Become a CBC Member

Join the conversation  Create account

Already have an account?