Canada slow to protect marine areas, report argues

A new report released today by an environmental group says the federal government is moving too slowly in setting aside marine areas for environmental protection.
Lancaster Sound in Canada's Arctic, home to marine animals such as the narwhal, is one of the marine areas Canada must move more quickly to protect, according to a report by the Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society. (Kristin Laidre/NOAA/Associated Press)

A new report from an environmental group says the federal government is moving too slowly in setting aside marine areas for environmental protection.

The Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society was urging Ottawa to have a network of 12 protected sites by the end of 2012.

In its report released Monday, the group says that while that didn't happen overall, progress is also too slow.

Sabine Jessen, national oceans manager for CPAWS, credits the government for progress it has made in four areas: St. Anns Bank, the Hecate Strait glass sponge reefs, the southern strait of Georgia and the Scott Islands off the coast of British Columbia.

But Jessen says in many other areas — from the Bay of Fundy to the Arctic Ocean's Lancaster Sound — there has been little progress. In the meantime Jessen says industrial activity continues.

"One example I can give you is on the West Coast, in Hecate Strait in British Columbia, where we're trying to protect the glass sponge reefs. One of the issues that's been raised by the scientists is the fact that the sponges are very sensitive to sedimentation issues," Jessen said.

"And current trawling occurs right adjacent to those sponge reefs. And so if we don't stop that trawling and that continues they could be smothered and that could affect their long-term health."

Jessen worries that progress isn't going to get better in 2013 either. She points to the staff cuts at Environment Canada and Parks Canada last year.

"As we lose both science capacity and planning and management capacity, it does suggest that things are going to go slower rather than faster," Jessen said.

Kent defends department's progress

The federal environment minister says he understands Jessen's impatience.

But Peter Kent says declaring an area a protected site isn't as easy as drawing a circle on the map.

"The consultation process, the inter-departmental consideration, the discussions and negotiations with local, regional governments, provincial and territorial governments, First Nations, all take time," Kent said.

Kent said his department is working as quickly as it can, and he points to all the work his government has done since getting elected to protect other areas, both off the coast and on land.

Jessen however points to Australia as an example where governments can move quickly to create protected marine areas.

"They have just finished a national network that now amounts to — if you look at everything they have protected in their ocean — 36 per cent of their ocean territory and we have one per cent. So we see that it can be done," she said.

The federal government has committed to protecting 10 per cent of its marine areas by 2020.

Jessen is skeptical that target will be met unless Ottawa picks up the pace.

Kent concedes that even though his department is working as quickly as possible, he can't guarantee his government will hit that target either.


  • This story has been edited from an earlier version to correct the spelling of Sabine Jessen's name.
    Jan 21, 2013 10:38 AM ET