Unreserved talks treaty money, historical events and apologies

Unreserved host Rosanna Deerchild heads out to The Forks in Winnipeg to ask Treaty people what they know. Along the way, she get schooled by Manitoba Treaty Relations Commissioner Jamie Wilson and some myth-busting status cards: what are they and why do we have them?
Kinzie Halcrow was overcome with emotion at the Sixties Scoop apology ceremony at the Manitoba Legislature on Thursday. He was born in Manitoba but grew up in Texas. (Karen Pauls/CBC)

Treaties are some of the oldest and most important documents in our country's history.

These solemn agreements between the Crown and First Nations peoples set out promises, obligations and benefits for both parties and formed the basis of what Canada is built upon. Yet many people know little about them or even dismiss them as relics of the past that are no longer relevant.

It is something the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's report says must be addressed by teaching about treaties in our schools. 

As part of this relationship, Canada hands out $5 every year to "Treaty Indians."

I head out to The Forks in Winnipeg to ask treaty people how much they know. Along the way, I get schooled by Manitoba Treaty Relations Commissioner Jamie Wilson and some myth-busting status cards: What are they and why do we have them?

Also, this week on Unreserved

Indian City released a new single earlier this week. One Day is a song of hope for those struggling with the dark thoughts of suicide. Band leader Vince Fontaine's own life has been affected by suicide. He shares that story.

A historic apology at the Manitoba Legislature — Marcel Balfour, a Cree man, shares his story about being adopted and finding his way home.

Hear the touching moment when 65-year-old residential school survivor Merle Scatch and her now 80-year-old former teacher, Dr. Verna Kirkness, were reunited.

And it has been 25 years since Elijah Harper held up an eagle feather in the Manitoba Legislature and quietly said no to the Meech Lake Accord. Cree writer and former journalist Jordan Wheeler shares what he remembers from covering that iconic moment.

Plus, we'll also hear music from Buffy St. Marie, Ghostkeeper, Indian City, and Derek Miller. 

Tune into CBC Radio One after the 5 p.m. news in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Nunavut, and after the 4 p.m. news in Yukon and the N.W.T. for these stories and more on Unreserved. 

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Rosanna Deerchild is the host of Unreserved on CBC Radio One. She's an award-winning Cree author and has been a broadcaster for almost 20 years — including stints with APTN, CBC Radio, Global and a variety of indigenous newspapers. She hails from O-Pipon-Na-Piwan Cree Nation, Man.