First Nations in Quebec 'ready and waiting' for COVID-19 vaccines

Several First Nations in Quebec will begin vaccinating its members against COVID-19 in February — if vaccine supplies are available.

Health ministry’s goal is to vaccinate First Nations by March 31

Laura Brien, a resident of the elders' home in Mistissini, Que., is vaccinated against COVID-19 on Jan. 5. Residents of the elders' home, front-line health-care workers and first responders were vaccinated in the Cree community that day. (CBHSSJB/Joshua Loon)

Several First Nations in Quebec will begin vaccinating its members against COVID-19 in February — if vaccine supplies are available.

Gesgapegiag, a Mi'kmaw community in the Gaspésie, is waiting to administer 400 doses over a three-day period. 

"We have it all planned, we just don't know when the vaccine is going to arrive," said Amanda Larocque, director of health and wellness at Gesgapegiag Health and Community Services.

"They're only going to notify us perhaps 48 hours or 24 hours in advance. We're waiting."

Quebec's vaccination campaign has been be slowed by shipment delays, but the First Nations of Quebec and Labrador Health and Social Services Commission said there's been ongoing discussions between communities, provincial health agencies, and Indigenous Services Canada to prepare vaccination sites.

"If they decide to do their planning, Quebec will move forward to mass vaccination if that's the wish of the community," said Marjolaine Siouï, executive director of the commission.

Siouï said the commission is helping communities navigate those tripartite discussions.

"The message we've been really promoting over the last few weeks is you have to have those discussions," she said.

"And if it's not happening, then we need to make it happen."

Goal of March 31

The Quebec government said its goal is for all First Nations communities to receive the first dose of a COVID-19 vaccine by the end of March unless vaccine supply difficulties arise. Indigenous people living outside of their communities and in urban areas will be given priority in the same way as non-Indigenous citizens, according to the province's Ministry of Health and Social Services.

"As many Indigenous communities are located in remote areas and that FN members are often facing pre-existing conditions which make them more vulnerable to complications if they were to contract COVID-19, we want to prevent outbreaks and such complications," said a statement from the office of minister of Indigenous affairs Ian Lafrenière.

Nathalie Beaulieu, (right), manager of northern operations centre CBHSSJB looks on as cases of Moderna vaccine are loaded onto Air Creebec charter plane Jan. 16 in Montreal. (CBHSSJB/Rodolphe Beaulieu-Poulin)

Vaccination campaigns have already begun in the province's Cree and Atikamekw communities after significant outbreaks occurred. Health-care workers and residents of long-term care facilities and elders residences have also been vaccinated in 17 different First Nations.

Concerns about vulnerabilities

Like Gesgapegiag, public health officials in Kahnawake, south of Montreal, are also waiting. Lloyd Phillips, the commissioner of public safety at the Mohawk Council of Kahnawake, said the community's bingo hall is set up as a mass vaccination site to accommodate six nurses that will administer 6,500 doses over a two-week span.

"As soon as we get the vaccines in the community, it's a light switch at this point and we'll be ready to go," said Phillips.

"Every day, every delay, you push it back a bit, but I'm still optimistic that by the end of the month, we will start our first round of mass vaccination in the community."

Lloyd Phillips, commissioner of public safety at the Mohawk Council of Kahnawake. (Jessica Deer/CBC)

Phillips said the community's COVID-19 task force has been pushing the Quebec government to prioritize all First Nations communities in its vaccination plan.

"All First Nations have vulnerabilities," he said.

"For me, the largest thing is the fact that we are truly a close-knit community and we're seeing how one case could easily spread among family members very easily."


Ka’nhehsí:io Deer is a Kanien’kehá:ka journalist from Kahnawake, Que. She is currently a reporter with CBC Indigenous covering communities across Quebec.