Indigenous

Maori experts back in Manitoba to help grow Indigenous-led child welfare practices

Indigenous leaders from Manitoba are welcoming back a group of Maori — Indigenous Peoples of New Zealand — who have been sharing their best practices in reducing the number of Indigenous children in foster care.

Centre in Winnipeg's North End having success using New Zealand's Family Group Conferencing Model

Katie Murray, second from left, presents a gift to Clement Chartier, centre, president of the Métis National Council, on behalf of the Maori delegation at an event Monday. (Lenard Monkman/CBC)

Indigenous leaders from Manitoba are welcoming back a group of Maori — Indigenous Peoples of New Zealand — who have been sharing their best practices in reducing the number of Indigenous children in foster care.

In Winnipeg, the group has been assisting social service provider Ma Mawi Wi Chi Itata Centre with the Family Group Conferencing Model, which was pioneered in New Zealand.

"It's an instrument that can bring children back," said Katie Murray. 

Murray helped to create the Family Group Conferencing Model nearly 30 years ago, and it's been effective at reducing the number of Indigenous children in care in New Zealand.

Katie Murray, who is Maori from New Zealand, works in social services and helped to create the Family Group Conferencing Model nearly 30 years ago. (Lenard Monkman/CBC)

The model is an Indigenous-led approach that puts the decision-making powers regarding children into the hands of the affected family and community. The model prioritizes keeping children in need of protection in the care of family, so they can maintain cultural ties. Murray said identity, language and culture are key to success in life.

"Research shows us that children will get the best start in life if they are with their family, if they know who they are," said Murray.

$2.5M donation from The Winnipeg Foundation will support another 1,200 kids. 1:53

If a family is struggling with addictions or violence, the organization tries to support the family, as opposed to removing the child.

"If we can't keep them with family, we need to go out to the next ring of relations," said Murray.

There are about 11,000 children and youth in care in Manitoba, with close to 90 per cent of them being Indigenous.

Families reunited faster

Ma Mawi Wi Chi Itata Centre in Winnipeg's North End has been using the Family Group Conferencing Model for the last 15 years, and says it has a 79 per cent reunification rate. Reunification is when children in care are returned to their families.

"We can get kids home within three months, whereas the average time can be nine, to even 12 or 18 months," said Diane Redsky, executive director at Ma Mawi Wi Chi Itata.

Diane Redsky is the executive director at Ma Mawi Wi Chi Itata Centre in Winnipeg. (CBC)

Redsky said when there are family emergencies like drug addictions, the extended family is usually aware of what the problems already are, and are able to work together if there is a crisis.

The North End organization was able to expand the family group conferencing model after receiving a $2.5 million investment in 2017 from the Winnipeg Foundation, and both the federal and provincial governments.

According to Ma Mawi Wi Ichi Itata, this new funding will allow for 445 family group conferences, and will affect approximately 1,200 youth in care.

Redsky said the aim is to have families making the decisions themselves, with everybody else acting as support and "most times not even having the child come into care at all."

"That's ultimately our goal."

About the Author

Lenard Monkman is Anishinaabe from Lake Manitoba First Nation, Treaty 2 territory. He is the co-founder of Red Rising Magazine and has been an associate producer with the CBC's Indigenous unit for three years. Follow him on Twitter: @Lenardmonkman1