Huge number of records to land on Truth and Reconciliation Commission's doorstep

After nearly four years of public hearings and with the clock ticking on a final report into the legacy of physical and sexual abuse at Indian residential schools, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission is about to get a pile of new documents.

Last year, federal government was ordered to compile and organize all relevant documents for review

Researchers are still under the gun to sort through the latest additions to the millions of documents the government has already provided regarding Indian residential schools. Picture: St. Anne's Indian Residential School in Fort Albany, Ont. (Edmund Metatawabin collection/Algoma University)

After nearly four years of public hearings and with the clock ticking on a final report into the legacy of physical and sexual abuse at Indian residential schools, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission is about to get a pile of new documents.

The development comes more than a year after an Ontario court ordered the federal government to hand over reams of material to the commission

The inquiry was supposed to end in July, but its mandate has been has been extended by a year.

Even with the extra time, researchers are still under the gun to sort through the latest additions to the millions of documents the government has already provided. Early estimates have tens of thousands of boxes sitting in storage at four different Library and Archives Canada locations. 

"Preliminary estimates identify up to 60,000 boxes of material ... requiring review," says a procurement notice.

"A significant portion of these documents are not available in a digitized and searchable format, which is a requirement for the disclosure of documents to the TRC."

The contract to put the documents into such a format is expected to run until July 2015, when the commission comes to a close.

The commission's executive director, Kimberly Murray, said she expects documents will still be coming in next summer.

"All I know is, there will be documents still coming to the TRC probably until the day we're done," she said.

Murray said she has some concerns about the way in which the work will unfold. For months, commission staff have worked at Library and Archives searching for key documents.

That will change when researchers from an outside company take over the work this summer. Then the commission will no longer know what documents are being left behind, said Murray.

According to the procurement notice, the hired researchers will only be required to look through half a box before moving on to the next one -- a guideline Murray finds troubling.

"I think they're expecting too much from researchers to do in one day, but I also see they're not asking the researchers to review the entire box," she said.

"What if they review 50 per cent of the box and they don't find any documents? (It) doesn't mean there isn't any in the other half."

Aboriginal Affairs Minister Bernard Valcourt's office said an extra year is sufficient time for the work to be completed.

"Our government has provided the TRC with close to $1.8 million to conduct research at Library and Archives Canada," Valcourt spokeswoman Erica Meekes wrote in an email.

Families and friends gathered around tables to look through archival materials compiled by the Catholic Church, at the final national Truth and Reconciliation event in Edmonton. (Caitlin Hanson/CBC)
"In addition, we will be providing a further $1.8 million in funding to the
TRC to ensure the continued flow of documents until the third-party contract is in place."

Under Sinclair, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission visited more than 300 communities after it began its work in Winnipeg in June 2010. It held its seventh and final formal public hearing at the end of March.

Over the years, the commission heard from thousands of survivors of the residential school system. About 150,000 First Nations, Inuit and Metis children were taken from their families and forced to attend the church-run schools over much of the last century. The last school, outside Regina, closed in 1996.

The children, the commission heard, were sent hundreds or thousands of kilometres from home. Many were kept largely isolated from their families, sometimes for years.

Siblings were separated and punished for showing any affection to one another. Survivors talked of constant hunger, beatings and whippings and sexual abuse. Many died of disease or unexplained causes. Some killed themselves.

The damage done to those who did survive was often lasting. In the 1990s, thousands of victims sued the churches that ran the schools and the federal government. The $1.9-billion settlement of that suit in 2007 prompted an apology from Prime Minister Stephen Harper and the creation of the commission.

But a dispute arose between Ottawa and the commission over millions of government documents the commission says it needs to fulfil its core mandate. The government maintained it had no obligation to provide the
records in Library and Archives Canada.

In January 2013, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice ordered the federal government to compile and organize all relevant documents for review by the commission.


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