Plot twist: opera Carmen altered in anti-violence protest
'There's a precise message against violence targeting women,' soprano says
Carmen, the opera heroine, gets to live instead of being slain — thanks to a bold twist to the finale of the Georges Bizet work by some who believe it's time to say enough to violence against women.
The production of Carmen this month at the Maggio Musicale Fiorentino theater in Florence is the talk of the town, and seats are sold out through the last performance on Jan. 18.
In the classic opera, first performed in Paris in 1875, the feisty gypsy Carmen is murdered by Don Jose in a fit of jealousy. But those in the cast thought the time was ripe for a new finale given Italy's recent, burgeoning movement to combat male violence against female partners or relatives. And so this production's ending has the heroine shooting to death Don Jose.
"It's a way to say to all, men and women, 'enough of the violence,"' soprano Veronica Simeoni told The Associated Press before Wednesday's performance.
"In this case, there's a precise message against violence targeting women, a plague that has concerned all of us always, and in this moment is before the eyes of everybody."
According to figures from the Italian National Institute of Statistics, one in three Italian women aged 16-70 experienced physical or sexual violence in 2014. In 2016, 149 Italian women were murdered, half of whom were killed by partners or ex-partners.
Mixed reactions, sold-out run
The reaction from opera-goers and on social media was mixed. Luca Paoletti, who was in the audience, was lukewarm about the ending.
"I do not consider it a great idea, but it can be useful for talking about the issue of violence on women. It takes the risk to open the door to interpretation that can twist the real spirit of the opera, but we can accept it as a provocation," he said.
Opera reviewer Alberto Matteoli of La Stampa thought the production fell short of the revolution that it hoped to provoke.
`'It is legitimate to do everything on the stage, but the politically correct does not have retroactive value," Matteoli wrote.
News of the scene change sparked a flurry of protests on Twitter, with some tweeting with the hashtags #FakeEndings and #CarmenNonMuore (CarmenDoesntDie).
Mayor of Florence, also president of Maggio Musicale Fiorentino (prestigious annual arts festival in Florence), endorses the decision to change the ending of "Carmen" by Bizet - Carmen will not die - in order to denounce violence against women. This is ridiculous and stupid. <a href="https://t.co/mjm5nwzl71">https://t.co/mjm5nwzl71</a>—@MassimoFaggioli
<a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Carmen?src=hash&ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#Carmen</a> of the opera becomes statement against men's violence toward <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/women?src=hash&ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#women</a>. Some may not like the finale twist -- see what happens below -- but it's sold out in <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Florence?src=hash&ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#Florence</a>. <a href="https://twitter.com/fdemilio?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@fdemilio</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/CarmenNonMuore?src=hash&ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#CarmenNonMuore</a> <a href="https://t.co/odpnPXSrzU">https://t.co/odpnPXSrzU</a>—@fdemilio
1 in 3 Italian women aged 16-70 experienced physical or sexual violence in 2014 while 149 women were murdered in 2016, half of whom were killed by partners or ex-partners.<br><br>An Italian director creates a new ending for Carmen with thanks to <a href="https://twitter.com/NobelWomen?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@NobelWomen</a><a href="https://t.co/Srne9A60zQ">https://t.co/Srne9A60zQ</a> <a href="https://t.co/1003i5Fs5a">pic.twitter.com/1003i5Fs5a</a>—@kitmcmahon
Simeoni, the soprano, said the reactions were understandable, given the often traditional approach to opera.
"The opera buff wants to go to the opera and see the scene exactly as it was, as seen for so many years at home or on their own video cassettes or DVDS and or maybe they have seen it so many years ago, and makes a fuss," Simeoni said.
The theater's superintendent, Cristiano Chiarot, told the Italian news agency ANSA earlier this week that the production is sold out.
He said the production as it is now will stay in the theater's repertory for the next two or three years, and will be back on the program in fall 2018.
With files from Reuters