Canadian mayors concerned about potential cuts to Great Lakes protection funding

Budget proposals drafted by the administration of U.S. President Donald Trump include slashing funding for the Environmental Protection Agency by 25 per cent.

$300-million budget for Great Lakes Restoration Initiative could be hacked and slashed by 97 per cent

The Great Lakes play a vital role in the weather and climate of Ontario. (NASA image courtesy Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC.)

Ontario mayors continue to sound alarm bells over proposed budget cuts in the United States that would gut programs designed to protect the Great Lakes.

Budget proposals drafted by the administration of U.S. President Donald Trump include slashing funding for the Environmental Protection Agency by 25 per cent.

The potential cuts would see the $300-million budget for the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative hacked and slashed by 97 per cent.

The project, which has been combating invasive species, cleaning up pollution and otherwise preserving the lakes since 2010 — would receive just $10 million in funding in 2017.

Scientists discovered masses of floating plastic particles in Lakes Superior, Huron and Erie. They are trying to determine whether fish are eating the particles, which may come from city wastewater, and passing them up the food chain to humans. (Courtesy of 5 Gyres Institute)

Mayors in Canadian communities located along the Great Lakes say the funding cuts would be "devastating" and have long-lasting impacts.

"It would be like pushing a boulder up a hill if it was just the Canadians doing this," said John Paterson, the mayor of Leamington.

U.S. cuts far reaching

He and several mayors agree a lack of American action on preservation projects would almost certainly be felt in Canada, particularly when looking at projects like the Restoration Initiative.

The American-run program targeted only projects originating south of the U.S.-Canadian border. Paterson said he doesn't know how much Canadian governments have spent on lake preservation projects, but even an equivalent amount spent here would not mitigate the effects of the U.S. cuts.

Leamington Mayor John Paterson. (CBC File Photo)

"It would be like pushing a boulder up a hill if it was just the Canadians doing this," Paterson said. "The Americans are always clear to state the majority of the pollution and the problems ... in the Great Lakes are coming from specific areas in the U.S."

Paterson said it's impossible to estimate where the impact of the proposed budget cuts would be most evident, since the drastic reduction would mean all programs planned for the coming years would have to be severely scaled back or eliminated altogether.

Cuts erode hope in other partners

On its action plan covering 2015 to 2019, the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative identified four major areas of concern — cleaning up problem areas, controlling invasive plant and animal species, protecting native species and reducing nutrient runoff.

Randy Hope, mayor of Chatham-Kent, Ont., along the north shore of Lake Erie, said much of this work has gotten underway, along with numerous local efforts to improve the Great Lakes ecosystem around individual communities.

He said the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Cities Initiative, a coalition of 127 communities across the U.S., Ontario and Quebec, has helped raise awareness of the need to protect the world's largest system of fresh water.

But the potential cuts to American funding risk not only undoing that work but eroding people's motivation to continue in their preservation efforts.

"People are being more proactive around it, and now all of a sudden you're just going to say, 'Thank you for all that work, now we're going to yank the carpet out from underneath your feet....we'll just see what happens,"' Hope said. "It's like rolling the dice with something that's so essential to us all as water."

Impact on tourism

Hope said he's particularly concerned about future pollutants, since his municipality is home to a significant drainage network.

Impacts to tourism and the local commercial freshwater fishery would also be significant, he added, particularly if aggressive species such as the Asian carp are allowed to proliferate the Great Lakes system.

Some companies and communities have taken ownership in the Great Lakes, using the names in marketing material. (Great Lakes Brewing Co./Facebook)

It's a concern shared by Sandra Cooper, mayor of the Georgian Bay city of Collingwood, Ont.

Cooper said her community is already struggling with the invasion of sea lamprey, blood-sucking predators that have laid waste to native fish populations over the years.

If the voracious Asian carp are allowed to enter the system, Cooper said she fears the effects on local economy and recreation could be devastating.

"We're hoping to have a better barrier in the Chicago area to ensure that Asian carp do not make their way up into the Great Lakes," Cooper said, adding proposed cuts would almost certainly quash that hope.

Paterson said he holds out hope that the cuts may not go through, adding the current budget is still only at the draft stage.

"I'm hoping between all the groups that are out there trying to protect the Great Lakes, we're able to convince the administration that any kind of cuts like that would be extremely wrong-headed."