Canada

More people leaving Toronto, Montreal for smaller pastures as pandemic hastens urban exodus

Canada's urban exodus picked up steam into the second year of the COVID-19 pandemic, with tens of thousands of people leaving Toronto and Montreal for smaller cities or rural areas, official data showed on Thursday.

Tens of thousands have left Canada's 2 largest cities in past year, official data shows

People wearing face masks are seen in Toronto on Tuesday. More than 64,000 people left Canada's largest city for other parts of Ontario from mid-2020 to mid-2021, up 14 per cent from the previous 12-month period, according to Statistics Canada population estimates, with another 6,600 moving out of province. (Evan Mitsui/CBC)

Canada's urban exodus picked up steam into the second year of the COVID-19 pandemic, with tens of thousands of people leaving Toronto and Montreal for smaller cities or rural areas, official data showed on Thursday.

More than 64,000 people left Toronto for other parts of Ontario from mid-2020 to mid-2021, up 14 per cent from the previous 12-month period, according to Statistics Canada population estimates, with another 6,600 moving out of province.

Montreal, Canada's second-largest city, lost nearly 40,000 residents to other areas of Quebec, up 60 per cent on the year, with another 3,600 moving out of province.

The COVID-19 pandemic and the rise of remote work has prompted tens of thousands of Canadians to flee large and expensive cities in search of more space and cheaper real estate in small centres, cottage towns and coastal regions.

That has helped drive a nationwide housing boom, with prices rising more sharply in suburbs and small towns than in urban centres, fuelling worries that locals could be priced out and putting pressure on municipal services.

A person wears a face mask in Montreal on Thursday. Montreal, Canada's second-largest city, lost nearly 40,000 residents to other areas of Quebec, up 60 per cent on the year, with another 3,600 moving out of province. (Ryan Remiorz/The Canadian Press)

Nationwide, the typical home in Canada now costs $780,400 — up 34 per cent, or by almost $200,000, since March 2020.

Atlantic Canada has fared well in the exodus. Halifax added more than 6,000 people in the year up to June 30, 2021, with the vast majority arriving from out of province.

Rural Quebec has boomed, adding more than 25,000 people from urban centres within the predominantly French-speaking province.

The cities in the area around Toronto called the Golden Horseshoe are also seeing strong inflows. Oshawa added 8,000 people as residents flowed out of Toronto, and both Hamilton and St. Catharines gained nearly 5,000.

Immigration offset some of Toronto's population losses.

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