The physical traits that make pro basketball players great
What do Kawhi Leonard’s hands and Giannis Antetokounmpo’s wingspan have in common?
Professional basketball players need to be tall. And strong. And fast.
To excel at a dynamic game that requires moving the ball at high speeds, changing directions swiftly to attack and defend, and enduring 48 minutes of play per game, players undergo intense training and conditioning.
But, for some, it's their natural gifts — larger-than-average body height, albatross-like wingspans, and monster hands — that give them a head start on the path to success.
As the NBA's Toronto Raptors gear up for the Eastern Conference Finals series against the Milwaukee Bucks, the winningest team in the league's regular season this year, CBC Toronto decided to take a look at some of the physical characteristics that set basketball players apart from the average person.
We highlighted three physiological traits and spoke to Carly Clarke, the head coach of the Ryerson University women's basketball team, and Jamie Hollins, a professional strength and conditioning coach and CEO of Sport Testing Inc., to understand how they translate into success on the basketball court.
The taller, the better — most of the time
There is no denying that body height provides a huge advantage in basketball.
It's easier for tall players to make slam dunks, collect rebounds off missed shots and block opposing players' shot attempts.
"We play on a basket that's 10 feet high and that doesn't change," said Clarke. "Most simply, the closer you are to the basket, the easier it would be to put [the ball] in, or vice versa."
The average height of the 16 players on the Toronto Raptors' 2018-2019 roster is 6 feet 6 inches. That's eight inches taller than the average Canadian male height of 5 feet 10 inches.
Kawhi Leonard, the Toronto Raptors superstar forward, is himself six feet seven inches tall.
That height most certainly helped him shoot the basketball over seven-foot-two Joel Embiid's outstretched hand to sink the game-winning shot in the dying minutes of Sunay's game against the Philadelphia 76ers. The now-iconic shot helped the Raptors win game seven of the Eastern Conference semifinal against the Philadelphia 76ers
Even the Raptors' point guards, a position traditionally filled by players on the shorter side of the average, are several inches taller than the average adult male.
But height isn't everything, said Clarke. Tall players may not be as quick or agile as the shorter players they defend against.
"There are players that have been successful probably at every position of all different heights," said Clarke, pointing to Muggsy Bogues, a five-foot-three point guard who had a successful NBA career.
"I think you still have to have skill and IQ and other athletic features to coincide with that in order to be effective," Clarke said.
Hands like claws
Much has been made by broadcasters and sports fans about the size of Leonard's hands — so much so that he's earned the nickname "The Claw."
Measuring at 11.25 inches from thumb to pinkie, he's got some extremely big mitts.
The size of his hands help him pass, shoot and maneuver the ball with ease, said Hollins.
"The ball is big, so big hands means more control of the ball," said Hollins.
Leonard's hands are so big that he's often able to grab and hold on to the ball with one hand, an action called palming.
Clarke agreed about the importance of control.
"If you watch him … you'll see that he commonly dunks with even his weak left hand, which very few NBA players do as well or as often as he does," said Clarke.
Leonard's large hands also help make him an effective defensive player when battling for rebounds or searching for steals. He finished in the league's top 10 for steals-per-game in the regular season, averaging 1.8 per game, and is a two-time winner of the NBA's best defensive player award.
From tip to tip
Giannis Antetokounmpo, the Milwaukee Bucks's star forward, is known by basketball fans as "The Greek Freak" — and with good reason.
He combines big-man length and strength without sacrificing speed and agility, and is the biggest threat facing the Raptors in their upcoming series.
One of Antetokounmpo's most impressive physical attributes is his wingspan, the length from fingertip to fingertip with arms fully outstretched. Antetokounmpo's wingspan measures seven feet three inches, according to measurements done by ESPN in 2016. That's four inches longer than his height of six feet eleven inches.
Hollins said a long wingspan helps a lot in "a game of inches."
"It gives you more height too on your reach as far as you're shooting, blocking the extra couple inches, reaching in to steal a ball," said Hollins of a long wingspan.
Clarke says one of the biggest benefits of a long arms is the "ability to disrupt" opposing players while playing defence.
"Giannis is a pretty good defender," said Clarke. "He steals, he gets in passing lane and then obviously, his length allows him to score at the rim, to get around people and score over people."
Physical attributes not everything
Ultimately, both Clarke and Hollins agree that physical characteristics are just one aspect of what makes these players great.
"If you're faster then or stronger than the players that you're playing against, that's usually an advantage, and the same would go for length," said Clarke. "[But] understanding of the game, decision-making and the IQ piece is important as well."