Muslim mortgage kingpin led investigators on 'treasure hunt' for missing gold: Crown

A Toronto businessman accused of pocketing millions in fraudulent mortgages, marketed to Muslims, emptied his accounts and led investigators on "a treasure hunt" to find nearly $2 million in gold bars, a federal prosecutor told a jury Tuesday. Six years later, where the bars have gone remains a mystery for authorities.

Trial begins for Omar Kalair, accused of pocketing millions in ‘Shariah-compliant’ mortgages

Omar Kalair was acquitted in Ontario Superior Court in Toronto on June 7, 2019. Yusuf Panchbhaya, an Islamic scholar was also acquitted in a trial that began in October. (Oliver Walters/CBC)


Omar Kalair and Yusuf Panchbhaya,  who provided Shariah-compliant mortgages to Muslim homeowners in the GTA, were found not guilty of a dozen criminal charges in Ontario Superior Court on June 7, 2019 after a trial that began back in October 2018. They were on trial for fraud, theft, laundering the proceeds of crime, and violations under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act in a case that dates back eight years.

A Toronto businessman accused of pocketing millions in fraudulent mortgages marketed to Muslims, emptied his accounts and led investigators on "a treasure hunt" to find nearly $2 million in gold bars, a federal prosecutor told a jury Tuesday. Six years later, where the bars have gone remains a mystery for authorities.

Crown attorney Damien Frost made his opening statement at the trial of Omar Kalair, dubbed the "Muslim Madoff" by homeowners who bought into his "Shariah-compliant" mortgages that left them thousands of dollars in the hole.

Kalair, 42, holds a graduate diploma in business, was once admitted to a PhD program in economics, and has spoken at a number of international conferences on Islamic finance — once at Harvard University.


"The case we will present to you is about theft, fraud and money laundering,"  Frost told the 12-member jury (five women, seven men) and two alternate members on the first day of the trial.

Gold bought with company's last dollars: Crown


Prosecutors told a virtually empty courtroom that just days before Kalair's company, UM Financial, went into receivership, Kalair and Yusuf Panchbhaya, 59, agreed to purchase over $2 million in gold and silver bullion, bought with the last of the company's money. Panchbhaya was the chairman of a board of religious advisers who issued fatwas sanctioning the businesses mortgages as Islamic.


Kalair arrived alone Tuesday, wearing mostly black with a brown traditional cap, a poppy on the lapel of his jacket. For most of the day, he sat listening intently as the judge instructed the jury, breaking his stoic expression for just a moment looking bemused when a hunched-over Panchbhaya had fallen asleep.

Yusuf Panchbhaya served as chairman of a Shariah board and issued fatwas sanctioning UM Financial's mortgages as compliant with Islamic law. (Oliver Walters/CBC)


Kalair and Panchbhaya have both pleaded not guilty to the charges laid by the RCMP in 2014, which include theft over $5,000, fraud over $5,000 and laundering the proceeds of crime.

In his opening statement, Frost told the jury they would hear from a retired ScotiaBank manager at the branch where Kalair inquired about purchasing $1 million in gold bars, and a bank employee who authorized the gold to be released, among others.

Fraud charges laid in 2014

The case against the accused began in 2011, when some 180 homeowners were left in the lurch. That's when a superior court judge placed UM Financial into receivership after it emerged that mortgage payments that were supposed to be remitted to the Central 1 Credit Union were in arrears. Central 1 Credit Union had extended millions of dollars in loans to UM Financial since 2004.


In the years leading up to the scandal, UM Financial had built up an estimated $32 million-portfolio of what were billed as Shariah-compliant mortgages. Some Muslim scholars hold that it is not permissible to charge or receive interest on loans according to Islamic law.

At the time, the company boasted it was "Canada's premier Islamic Financial Institution," at one point working towards an application for a Canadian bank licence — and was profiled on the business pages of some of the country's major newspapers.

But while technically interest-free, UM Financial charged a fee to its clients for its religiously-sanctioned mortgages — at a sum higher than what borrowers would usually pay at market rates.

Fast-forward to 2014, three years after the fallout with Central 1 Credit Union, the RCMP would lay fraud charges against both Kalair and Panchbhaya for allegedly pocketing $4.3 million in mortgage payments, as well as the purchase and disappearance of 32 kg of gold bars.

Kalair would eventually disappear, leading police to launch a Canada-wide warrant for his arrest, according to an RCMP news release. He turned himself in in March 2014.

Precious metals to be paid to 'unnamed clerics'



In outlining his case, Frost said Kalair purchased nearly $2 million in gold bars and over $300,000 in silver coins purportedly to pay the professional fees of Shariah scholars, chaired by Panchbhaya. That's despite the fact that for six years, from 2005 to 2011, not a single invoice had ever been issued for the religious advice, Frost told the jury Tuesday.

Omar Kalair in April of 2010 with multiple credit cards that sit in a frame in his office in Toronto. (Photo by Rene Johnston/Toronto Star via Getty Images)

Those precious metals would end up in the hands of an individual named Joseph Adam, the Crown said.


Panchbhaya designated Adam the Shariah board's manager of finance, authorizing him to take possession of the gold and silver to be paid to "unnamed clerics."

Frost told the court that in November 2011, Panchbhaya returned the silver to the court-appointed receiver, Grant Thornton, but that almost $2 million in gold is still missing.

If convicted, the pair could face a maximum sentence of 14 years in prison.

The trial continues next Tuesday.







Shanifa Nasser is a journalist with CBC Toronto interested in national security, the justice system and stories with a heartbeat. Her reporting on Canada's spy agency earned a 2020 Amnesty International award and an RTDNA, and her investigative work has led to two documentaries at The Fifth Estate. Reach her at: