Mississauga's population is 57% visible minorities. So why does its city council look like this?
Elections put attention on disparity between populations and makeup of city councils
As a rookie politician taking on an incumbent city councillor, Safeeya Faruqui is already staring down long odds in the upcoming Mississauga, Ont., municipal election.
But if the 24-year-old succeeds in her bid for Ward 4 on Oct. 22, she'll have made history too — becoming the first woman of colour elected to city council in the mostly suburban city west of Toronto.
"That would be another glass ceiling broken," Faruqui told CBC Toronto at her campaign office. "We need to make sure that all voices are being heard to create the best society that we can."
Faruqui's campaign is bringing new attention to the glaring disparity between the general population in southern Ontario's Peel Region and the makeup of its city councils.
According to the 2016 census, 57 per cent of Mississauga residents identified as visible minorities. However, not one of them was elected to the city's 11 council seats in 2014.
In neighbouring Brampton, where 73 per cent of residents identify as visible minorities, just one of the city's 10 councillors is a person of colour.
Neither city has ever had a non-white mayor.
Why it matters
Faruqui says lack of diversity on council has resulted in some policy decisions that don't fully account for the city's diverse population.
"The decisions aren't reflecting everybody," she said.
Gurpreet Singh Dhillon, the lone visible minority on Brampton's council, points to an ongoing struggle in the city to build a shade shelter for seniors to explain why diversity can be helpful.
He said older residents in his community have been seeking to recreate the tradition of gathering and socializing under a large willow tree, which began in India, with an artificial shade as a replacement.
Dhillon, 38, said the project has been stalled because some elected officials and city staff did not understand the request, since they were not familiar with the tradition.
"It's really important that we have people in our staffing, and our council who understand," he said. After serving one term as a city councillor, Dhillon is now running as the regional councillor for Wards 9 and 10.
"It's even more important going forward that we do have a council that does reflect the community," he added.
There are also concerns that the lack of accurate representation has stalled civic engagement and created distrust in local governments among visible minority communities.
"Our community has not been doing a good enough job to remedy that," said Faruqui, who added that "real, frank, open discussions" are needed to restore faith in local politics.
If elected, Dhillon says he will advocate for the creation of a diversity officer at Brampton city hall, who would review everything passed by city council to ensure no minority communities — whether by ethnicity, gender, age or sexual orientation — are negatively affected.
He said similar initiatives have been successful in other cities around the world.
'Overwhelming but… exciting'
During her first term in office, Mississauga Mayor Bonnie Crombie, who is running for re-election, helped introduce a diversity and inclusion advisory committee. The group provides strategic advice to council in an effort to better serve the city's diverse population.
Still, Crombie said she would welcome more variety among the city's elected officials.
"It would be wonderful if we could have a very diverse council that reflects the diversity that is our city," Crombie told CBC Toronto.
As to why so few visible minorities have been elected, Crombie pointed to a slew of long-serving incumbent councillors, who are notoriously difficult to unseat in municipal elections.
"Some of them have been in office a long period of time," she said. "And the city has changed over the years."
Due to a death and a retirement, two of the city's council seats will be open races this election. She said that has opened up an opportunity for a number of "wonderful diverse candidates" running this fall.
Faruqui, however, is competing against incumbent John Kovac.
"Going through this for the first time, not really having any role models who look like me doing this, it's something that is overwhelming but also very exciting," she said.