Clinicians, health advocates ringing alarms about province's 'short-sighted' cuts to public health

The move takes Ontario back to the era before several high-profile health crises, including SARS and the Walkerton, Ont. E. coli outbreak, says board of health chair Joe Cressy.

Health minister Christine Elliott defending PC government's move as way to 'streamline'

Toronto General Hospital employee Maria Tanta, left, has her temperature checked by Callie Dunne, an nurse in Occupational Health and Safety at the hospital in April 2003. Critics say the proposed cut could reverse gains made to public health from the days of SARS. The epidemic led to more than 40 deaths in Ontario in the early 2000s. (J.P. Moczulski/Canadian Press)

Clinicians and public health advocates are ringing alarms about the province's "short-sighted" cuts, citing major crises like the early-2000s SARS outbreak — but Ontario's health minister is defending the move as a way to streamline public health delivery. 

At a special meeting of Toronto's board of health, chair Joe Cressy gained unanimous support for a motion opposing the cuts, which calls on council to ask Premier Doug Ford's provincial government to stop the planned changes outlined in the 2019 budget.

Those include dropping the number of local health units from 35 to 10 over the next two years, coupled with an annual funding reduction of $200 million.

The province also aims to adjust the provincial-municipal cost-sharing structure. The province currently provides roughly three-quarters of Toronto Public Health's gross operating budget of more than $250 million — money that funds programs for disease prevention and health promotion.

"This decision — out of the blue without any notice, to cut public health right across Ontario — is dangerous and it's wrong," Cressy said.

The "short-sighted" move also takes Ontario back to the era before several high-profile health crises, he added.

In 2000, E. coli contamination of the water supply in Walkerton, Ont. left seven people dead and hundreds more ill, followed by the deadly SARS — or severe acute respiratory syndrome — outbreak three years later, which eventually claimed dozens of lives.

'This decision — out of the blue without any notice, to cut public health right across Ontario — is dangerous and it's wrong,' board of health chair Joe Cressy said on Monday. (Tina Mackenzie/CBC News)

Cuts would impact TPH's 'ability to function,' medical officer of health says

Medical officer of health Eileen De Villa stressed that she's waiting for more details on what the province's cost-sharing changes will look like for Toronto Public Health, and whether it will be an across-the-board funding cut or one focused on certain units.

"We have tried to run a very effective and efficient organization," she added. "So cuts, by definition, will impact our ability to function."

At Monday's board meeting, multiple prominent public health advocates shared their concerns, including De Villa, Dr. Robert Kyle, president of the Association of Local Public Health Agencies and Durham region's medical officer of health, Dr. David Mowat, former chief medical officer of health for Ontario, and former Toronto board of health chair Joe Mihevc.

Mihevc, who served as chair during the SARS crisis, noted the funding model prior to the outbreak was 50-50 between the city and province, but was ramped up to a larger provincial contribution "for the protection of public health." Changing it now, he said, could see the city losing tens of millions of dollars in funding annually.

Kyle also said the province-wide funding cut, which equals a nearly 27 per cent drop, could have "significant consequences."

Province consolidating system to 'streamline it'

But speaking to reporters on Monday morning, Health Minister Christine Elliott defended her government's decision to change the system.

She said part of the goal is reducing the number of units to help smaller teams better recruit staff and allow professionals to react to emergencies more quickly. 

"We're consolidating it to make it more modern, to streamline it, to allow it to be able to be more responsive, more quickly, to patients' needs," Elliott said.

She also pointed to a recent expert panel report from the previous Liberal government's time in office, which recommended reducing the number of local public health units to 14 to align with the previous boundaries for larger, regional health bodies.

Cressy scoffed at that framing, saying there was "no recommendation" to cut funding or adjust the cost-sharing model for public health units without warning.

"When you fail to invest in public health today, you end up having emergencies tomorrow," Cressy said.


Lauren Pelley

Senior Health & Medical Reporter

Lauren Pelley covers health and medical science for CBC News, including the global spread of infectious diseases, Canadian health policy, pandemic preparedness, and the crucial intersection between human health and climate change. Two-time RNAO Media Award winner for in-depth health reporting in 2020 and 2022. Contact her at: