Thunder Bay

Cliffs suspends Ring of Fire project in northern Ontario

A major U.S. player in northern Ontario's Ring of Fire says it's indefinitely suspending its chromite project in the mineral-rich area.

Cliffs has 'continued interest' in the project and believes in the Ring of Fire region's potential

Cliff suspends Ring of Fire project

10 years ago
Duration 2:59
Major U.S. miner suspends its chromite project in the mineral-rich area

A major U.S. player in northern Ontario's Ring of Fire says it's indefinitely suspending its chromite project in the mineral-rich area.

Cliffs Natural Resources Inc. says its affiliate, Cliffs Chromite Ontario Inc., will not allocate additional capital for the project. The company blames an uncertain timeline and risks associated with developing infrastructure.

Company spokesperson Pat Persico said the decision affects about 14 staff in Thunder Bay and 17 workers at a camp in the Ring of Fire, located in the James Bay lowlands.

“We will be closing our Thunder Bay and Toronto offices,” she said. “We also have the exploration camp up in northern Ontario … we will … have to look at properly shutting down that.”

A company press release said "we will be working with this talented team of professionals to explore other opportunities at Cliffs."

Persico said the suspension is for an indefinite period and the company will continue to work with Ontario, First Nations and other parties on solutions for infrastructure development. However, they believe it will be a lengthy process.

'Wake-up call'

The mayor of Greenstone said he's disappointed by Cliffs’ decision and called the announcement "another stumbling block."

But Ron Beaulieu said that doesn't mean the whole project will grind to a halt.

“I firmly believe that we'll get back on track. It might delay us, there's no doubt, but it might also help bring players [to] the table,” he said. “It's giving a lot of people a wake-up call.”

Beaulieu added all parties need to continue to work on developing infrastructure to the Ring of Fire and in the Northwest in general. He said Cliffs' announcement also highlights the need for the federal government to get more actively involved in the project.

'Glass half full'

Thunder Bay Mayor Keith Hobbs said Cliffs' decision could be good news for Thunder Bay.

Thunder Bay Mayor Keith Hobbs says he is remaining optimistic for Thunder Bay, despite Cliffs' announcement to pull its current project plans for the Ring of Fire.

"I'm not really concerned, other than we've lost an office and we've lost some staff, and that's value added to our community. So that's a loss,” he said.

"But I'm a 'glass-half full' person, and we're going to make the most out of this.”

He pointed to the fact other mining companies may step in to the Ring of Fire with other proposals in mind.

Noront Resources reports it remains on track to deliver an environmental assessment on its Eagle's Nest mine by the end of the year.

That project is focused on nickel, copper and platinum — not chromite, as was the case with Cliffs.

In a press release Wednesday, Noront said it hopes to be the first mine developed in the Ring of Fire.

"Our projections have not been dependent on the development plans of other mining companies,” Noront president and CEO Alan Coutts said.

“We look forward to participating in the proposed development corporation with the First Nations, and the provincial and federal governments to advance infrastructure planning for the region."

'Difficult decision'

Cliffs senior vice president Bill Boor says the company “continues to believe in ... the potential of the Ring of Fire region for northern Ontario."

Cliffs senior vice president Bill Boor said in a statement Wednesday the company “continues to believe in the value of the mineral deposits and the potential of the Ring of Fire region for northern Ontario."

But, as company spokesperson Pat Persico added, as a publicly held company, “Cliffs has a responsibility to allocate its capital appropriately. It came to a point where we're seeing that the time line here is pretty uncertain and we had to make the difficult decision.”

Persico said there is no restart date for the company's feasibility study and development and exploration activities.

In June of this year, Cliffs suspended environmental assessment activities because of issues impeding the progress of the project.

Politicians weigh in

In spite of the news, Ontario's minister of Northern Development and Mines said the government remains committed to developing this "multi-generational economic opportunity ... with known mineral potential worth $60 billion."

Michael Gravelle was grilled about the Cliffs decision Thursday morning in the legislature.

"While I am disappointed with Cliffs’ decision, and certainly appreciate the company’s continued interest in the project, our commitment is clear," Gravelle said.

Michael Gravelle, Minister of Northern Development and Mines, says he is disappointed with Cliffs' decision. (Ontario government)

He said he will meet with Cliffs soon to discuss the company's “continued interest” in the project.

"But it doesn't mean that we don't need to move forward. As important as Cliffs proposal was, they are one company,” he said. “There are other companies that are showing significant interest in the project."

"The province is prepared to invest in vital infrastructure and create the right climate to support development in the region. We will work with key partners to realize these shared benefits."

But NDP Northern Development and Mines critic Michael Mantha disagreed. In a press release Wednesday, he said years of Liberal mismanagement of northern resources are to blame for the announcement that Cliffs will be indefinitely suspending operations in the Ring of Fire.

“The decision by Cliffs Resources to halt operations in northern Ontario demonstrates how the provincial government has no plan to develop and grow the mining sector,” Mantha stated.

“For years now all players from industry to First Nations to municipalities have spoken out on the need for a strategy on infrastructure, electricity prices, resource sharing and employment opportunities, yet the Liberals have dropped the ball.”

Smelter plans in limbo

With word from Cliffs that it's suspending its chromite project indefinitely, Sudbury MPP Rick Bartolucci is telling constituents not to panic.

"It's not cancelled, it's only delayed," he said.

Sudbury city councillor David Kilgour. (Supplied)

Also delayed will be the chromite smelter that Cliffs Natural Resources proposed for Capreol — and the 450 jobs that were estimated to go with it.

The Sudbury city councillor representing Capreol said the province has not done a good job of handling the project.

“Their inability to face the situations that are on the table and actually make logical decisions — not necessarily decisions that are in favour of Capreol or Sudbury — decisions that are … to the benefit of the province,” David Kilgour said.

Cliffs' announcement comes just two weeks after MNDM Minister Gravelle announced a new Ring of Fire development corporation to bring together private and public partners, including First Nations and mining companies.

Cliffs Natural Resources' Black Thor project involved the building of a ferrochrome smelter that was promised to be built in the Greater Sudbury area.

with files from The Canadian Press