Plans being made to move Kashechewan, but not fast enough for frustrated flood-prone First Nation

People in the northern Ontario First Nation of Kashechewan are making some big plans. The federal government has promised to relocate the flood-prone Cree community to higher and drier ground within a decade. But Kashechewan is hoping to make the move much faster than that.

Cree community slated to move 30 km to the south to spot known as Site 5

Site 5

3 years ago
Duration 0:46
Site 5

Pushing through the brush and stepping over fallen trees, Stephane Friday looks around and smiles.

"It's my first time here," says the 25-year-old from Kashechewan First Nation, about 30 km north of this stand of bush on the side of the Albany River. 

"I'm just embracing it. Just looking at the trees."

Friday might have never been here, but he knows this spot well.

Stephane Friday is a band councillor in Kashechewan and is also the comprehensive community planner leading plans for the new community at Site 5. (Erik White/CBC)

It's known as Site 5.

It was identified as the future home of Kashechewan back in the early 2000s when an earlier Liberal government had committed to moving the flood-prone Cree community and is now the preferred location as the current federal government has promised to relocate the First Nation in the next decade.

Friday is a band councillor for the First Nation and he's also the comprehensive community planner in charge of figuring out what the new Kashechewan will look like. 

"You know, this is our home. We're here. I can see the vision and we just need to turn it into reality," says Friday.

He's joined on this visit by Kashechewan's deputy chief Hosea Wesley. He has been to this spot on the river during fishing trips in the past, but today he's busy harvesting wild plants to make tea. 

"I feel great to be here," says Wesley. 

"I'm very excited too for the younger generation. To have a safe home."

A view of the Albany River from the top of the riverbank at Site 5, where the new community of Kashechewan is to be built. (Erik White/CBC)

About 2,300 people live in Kashechewan, but the First Nation is conducting a census to determine how many houses it needs to build in the new community, a chance to solve the chronic housing shortage that cripples many First Nations in Ontario's far north.

Only about 10 per cent of the existing buildings in Kashechewan are expected to be solid enough to make the move to Site 5, including a street full of new duplexes built a few years ago and the new church which just opened a few months ago.

They will be carried by trucks on a road that the First Nation has started building between the current community and Site 5, but right now is little more than a muddy track through the bush. 

Kashechewan deputy chief Hosea Wesley on the Albany River on the way to the future location of the community at Site 5. (Erik White/CBC)

Indigenous Services Canada has also hired a project manager to oversee the road, which is expected to cost about $3 million per kilometre, or around $90 million.

A cost estimate for building a new community in such a remote location hasn't been released, but in the past the figure circled around half a billion dollars.

There is also the bureaucratic challenge of officially expanding Kashechewan's reserve territory to include the new site.

It's currently Crown land owned by the Ontario government and the negotiations would also include the neighbouring Fort Albany First Nation, which 60 years after the community split in two still shares the reserve land with Kashechewan. 

Some in Kashechewan are asking those planning the new community to leave some of the trees at Site 5, since there are very few in the current community. (Kashechewan First Nation)

It's a daunting job and after years of waiting, plus the rescinding of a promise to be relocated back in 2006, many in Kashechewan doubt the community will ever be rebuilt.

"I don't think in my lifetime, no," says James Wesley, director of Kashechewan's education authority.

"Fifteen, 20 years if they look at it, yeah. I'll probably be in my resting place by then."

Friday says he too has doubts, considering how many times his First Nation has been "played" by the federal government.

Kashechewan First Nation has begun construction on the road between the existing community and Site 5, but needs the federal government to help with some of the cost, estimated to be about $90 million. (Erik White/CBC)

"Right now, I do get some young people saying 'It's not going to happen. It's never going to happen. We're going to live like this for the rest of our lives,'" he says.

"I think the Canadian government needs to feel that pressure. Needs to feel what we feel."

That's the pressure that comes at the end of a long winter, when the flood waters rise on the river.

Kashechewan Chief Leo Friday is pushing the federal government to speed up the process to avoid as many future evacuations as possible.

"Yeah, it's going to be sad if it's going to take another 10 years. Look how much we lost already," he says.

Friday, who was also chief when the federal government cancelled the relocation back in 2006, says he's wondering if private financing might move things along and save Canadian taxpayers in the long run. 

"He'll be happy. He'll be saving a lot of money. If he can build it faster. It's costing them about $6-8 million a year for the evacuation," he says. 

The current community of Kashechewan sits on the flood plain of the Albany River. This dike was built to guard people against flooding, but it does little to hold back waters during spring break-up. (Erik White/CBC)

Indigenous Services Canada provided a statement that reads in part:

"The relocation of Kashechewan is a complex project that requires detailed planning.  ISC continues to estimate that a total of 8 to 10 years will be required to complete relocation."

"The planning process will include design of the new community and a detailed cost estimate to support the approval process for funding."


Erik White


Erik White is a CBC journalist based in Sudbury. He covers a wide range of stories about northern Ontario. Connect with him on Twitter @erikjwhite. Send story ideas to