Shawanaga First Nation 'prepared to deal' with Ontario government on Highway 69 widening

A large section of Highway 69 in northern Ontario will remain as two lanes until the provincial government can ink deals with three First Nation communities.

Negotiations ongoing between province, Henvey Inlet, Magnetawan and Shawanaga First Nations

The completion date of the entire four-laning of Highway 69 is still up in the air, as the provincial government has yet to settle agreements with three First Nations. (Megan Thomas/CBC)
Seventy kilometres of Highway 69 in northern Ontario are expected to be four-laned by the end of the year, but it is unclear when the remaining two lane section north of Parry Sound and south of French River will be expanded.

The provincial government has yet to ink deals with Shawanaga, Magnetawan and Henvey Inlet First Nations to widen the highway on traditional territories.

Negotiations with the communities are ongoing, according to the Ministry of Transportation, but further consultation is required to mitigate environmental impacts and reach fair settlements.
Chief Wayne Pamajewon of Shawanaga First Nation said he wants his community to benefit from a new interchange on Highway 69 through the creation of a new gas station and truck stop. (

Shawanaga First Nation Chief Wayne Pamajewon said he is prepared to enter into an agreement, but he has not received a formal offer from the government.

"I don't think that it's the leadership in my community that's holding up the process," Pamajewon said. 

"I think the people at Queen's Park are the ones who are sitting there holding this ball, and not letting it roll the way it should. We're prepared to deal with them, but we can't deal with something that we don't know anything about."

Four-laning under First Nation terms

Once a consensus has been reached with all communities, construction will take place to finish four-laning Highway 69 between Parry Sound and Greater Sudbury.

Pamajewon said he sees the project as an opportunity to boost Shawanaga's economy and bring down the reserve's unemployment rate, which he estimates is around 70 per cent for just over 200 people.

A major part of the community's plan is to build a new gas station and truck stop with room for up to five fast food restaurants at an interchange, Pamajewon explained, adding that land has already been cleared for the endeavour.
Glenn Thibeault, Sudbury Liberal MPP and Ontario Energy Minister, defends the amount of time his government is taking to finalize negotiations with First Nations over the twinning of Highway 69. (Pierre-Olivier Bernatchez/CBC)

Shawanaga is one of a few First Nations in Canada to have control over its land, which means it can make deals with business partners without the federal government and govern its own property.

Pamajewon said this distinction should make negotiations with the provincial government easier, but the process has been slow so far.

"We're trying to work with the government to get this highway through, Pamajewon said.

"We're not against development. The only thing is that it will be done under our terms."

Why are negotiations taking so long?

Glenn Thibeault, Ontario's Energy Minister and Sudbury MPP, stresses that talks will take time to get done right.

"You can always look at hindsight and say you should having started those negotiations first when you started," Thibeault said.

"But there have been conversations with many First Nations since that time and now the formal negotiations — getting to the nitty gritty — are underway right now."

The two parties still need to address environmental concerns.

In Pamajewon's community, he said there is fear that the construction of new bridges over the Shawanaga River may negatively impact the ecosystem, and the expanded highway could interfere with deer crossings.

Thibeault said his government is aware of the unease among communities, and is working towards a solution.

'Prepared to continue to negotiate'

It is hard to say when the entire four-laning project will be finished, but Thibeault said he believes it will change the perception of the northeast. 

"We're going to be part of the 400 series of highways," Thibeault said. "This is good for our economy and it makes our highway safer."

Pamajewon said Shawanaga has been in discussions with the provincial government about twinning the highway since the late '90s, and he wants to see progress come soon.

"I'm trying to get them to the table as quickly as I can," Pamajewon said. 

"I don't know what more that Shawanaga can do to help out here because we're prepared to continue to negotiate until we get a settlement."

About the Author

Olivia Stefanovich

Senior reporter

Olivia Stefanovich is a senior reporter for CBC's Parliamentary Bureau based in Ottawa. She previously worked in Toronto, Saskatchewan and northern Ontario. Connect with her on Twitter at @CBCOlivia. Story tips welcome: