Tony Merchant's law firm files lawsuit against Ottawa following $25M claim

The federal government alleges a Deloitte report contains proof that the Merchant Law Group falsified documents in a "scheme to deceive and defraud Canada." Ottawa wants Tony Merchant's firm to repay more than $25 million.

Ottawa alleges overbilling, falsified documents

Law firm faces $25M claim over residential school cases


6 years ago
Ottawa alleges overbilling byTony Merchant's firm, falsified documents 1:28

The federal government has filed a $25-million statement of claim accusing Tony Merchant's law firm of overbilling for legal services and falsifying documents to cover it up, in a scheme to defraud Canada.

The civil suit, filed in the Court of Queen's Bench for Saskatchewan, claims the Merchant Law Group should repay $25 million, plus interest, and cover the costs incurred by taxpayers in an eight-year legal battle.

"The government is taking legal action to recover public money that was paid to this firm as a result of serious misrepresentations," a Department of Justice spokesperson told CBC News in an email.

Allegations not proven

None of these allegations have been proven in court.

In an emailed statement to CBC News, the Merchant law firm said that it "denies that any of the government's concocted allegations have merit or any basis in reality." Merchant has 20 days to file a statement of defence.

On Friday afternoon, the Merchant Law Group said it had also filed a lawsuit against the federal government.

A scheme to deceive and defraud Canada.— Accusation against Merchant Law Group in court documents'

Merchant, who is husband of Liberal Senator Pana Merchant, is known as the king of class action lawsuits in Canada.

In 2005, the Regina lawyer was expecting his law firm to rake in roughly $80 million for legal services on residential school claims.

The federal government approved a multibillion-dollar settlement agreement. A chunk would go to law firms, including the Merchant Law Group, while former students received a common experience payment of, on average, $24,000.

In 2005, Merchant presented his stake to former Supreme Court justice Frank Iacobucci, the man in charge of the residential school agreement. Merchant claimed his law firm was owed $80 million for legal services to represent more than 7,000 former residential school students. However, Iacobucci was not satisfied that Merchant had documentation to support that claim.

Eventually, Ottawa and Merchant struck a deal to have a forensic accountant examine the firm's files and billing system, but Merchant later claimed it was a violation of solicitor-client privilege.

In August 2008, a court decision forced the federal government to pay $25 million to the Merchant Law Group in application of a previous agreement.

But that wasn't the end of it.

In December 2009, the Court of Queen's Bench in Saskatchewan ruled the Merchant Law Group must provide Ottawa with an extract of its electronic billing records, without client names or personal information.

Since then, the law firm has submitted various versions of its records, always deemed unacceptable by the government.

57,000 entries questioned

According to this statement of claim, Merchant at one point acknowledged that 57,000 entries in its records were "misdescribed" or would not be billed for.

Now, the attorney general claims an audit by Deloitte, completed a year ago, revealed Merchant's records are full of "illegitimate time entries and excessive disbursement records."

Among other things, the civil suit alleges that the Merchant Law Group:

  • Falsely and intentionally represented that it incurred more unbilled time in relation to residential school cases than it did.
  • Falsely and intentionally created and modified illegitimate time entries and records "as part of a scheme to deceive and defraud Canada."
  • Submitted false claims that prompted Canada to pay millions of dollars in legal fees and disbursement for which the law firm was not entitled.

As to why this was being pursued as a civil case, rather than criminal, the Department of Justice spokesperson said, "The attorney general of Canada reviewed the details of the report and is taking the most appropriate corrective actions."

Merchant files lawsuit

In a letter to CBC, Donald Outerbridge, executive director of Merchant Law Group, wrote "the government claim filed on January 27 is simply a regurgitation of a position they have been putting forward to judges since 2007." 

It claims the government still owes Merchant Law Group fees under the Indian Residential School Settlement and is presenting "old arguments in a new legal manoeuvre."

Calling the government's claim "not acceptable in the Canadian court system" Outerbridge said it has "launched a new lawsuit against the federal government to receive the further $15 million fee and disbursements that are still owing."


  • A previous version of this story said the auditor general claimed an audit by Deloitte revealed Merchant's records are full of 'illegitimate time entries and excessive disbursement records.' In fact, it was the attorney general who made that claim.
    Jan 30, 2015 12:32 PM CT


Bonnie Allen

Senior Reporter

Bonnie Allen is a senior reporter for CBC News based in Saskatchewan. Before returning to Canada in 2013, Allen spent four years reporting from across Africa, including Libya, South Sudan, Liberia and Sierra Leone. She holds a master's in international human rights law from the University of Oxford. @bonnieallenCBC