Shoot for the stars: how to capture the perfect photo of the night sky
Three professional photographers share their advice for amateurs who want to try night photography
Night photography can capture stunning photos of the Milky Way and aurora borealis in all their glory. It can also be tiring, cold and frustrating if you're not sure what to do.
Three professional photographers shared their tips with CBC to help amateurs who are hoping to capture their own fabulous photos of the night sky.
Greg Johnson is a photographer, photography teacher and tornado hunter. Johnson is based in Regina and started taking photos in 1997. Ryan Wunsch is also a photographer, photography teacher and storm chaser based in Leader, Sask. He bought his first digital camera in 1999. Before that, he was shooting with film. Amanda Shalovelo is a photographer in Saskatoon. She started night photography at 16 while exploring back roads.
What should I know?
Johnson said it's important to practice at home before going outside and to dress appropriately.
"It's dark outside and it's cold and your patience is thin," Johnson said, adding that he always prepares his settings before he's out the door.
"Most people give up far too quickly and generally they give up because they're cold," he said. "They just give up because it's uncomfortable."
Wunsch shoots with a very wide camera lens and said he looks around for something interesting to put in the foreground of his shots.
For Wunsch, getting the picture levelled properly with such a wide angle lens can be difficult. He suggests using your camera's internal level. He said he doesn't use a remote shutter release, opting instead for the two-second delay option because the less camera vibration the better.
Shalovelo said understanding how your camera works with light is key. She said people need to understand three basic components: ISO, shutter speed and the F-stop. Shalovelo also said practice and patience are important in very cold, dark conditions.
"You never know when [the northern lights] will come or what's going to be around you but it's definitely worth the wait," she said. "What you get in the end — it's crazy."
What settings do I use?
All three photographers said:
- Aperture/F-stop: shoot wide, around F1.4, F.1.8 or as wide as your lens goes.
- ISO: keep it high, around 1600 or 3200.
- Shutter speed: start with a long shutter of about 30 seconds and adjust as you go along.
"You'll have to open your shutter speed so the camera can allow as much light as it can for the sensor to capture the image," Shalovelo said.
Wunsch suggests manually setting your white balance to Tungsten 3200 and that getting your settings right will take time.
"It's going to take a lot of trial and error," he said. "I suggest trying a whole bunch of different settings and then going back home and looking at your pictures and learning from it that way."
Johnson said for shooting the northern lights, the concepts are the same but you want a faster shutter speed to prevent them from being too blurry. He suggests starting around five seconds and adjusting.
"This gives me northern lights which are, you know, kind of dancing and peaking … lots of interesting definition."
Do I need a tripod?
Yes. Wunsch, Shalovelo and Johnson all agree you need a sturdy tripod for night photography.
"If you don't have a tripod you have zero chance of getting anything good of the night sky," Johnson said.
Any other advice?
"Putting the camera down on the ground [or] getting it up really high and finding interesting perspectives on a scene," Johnson said. "That tends to be the best way to take photos from being kind of amateur-looking to pro-looking,"
"Shoot what you enjoy," Wunsch said. "Don't go out there and, you know, find something that you think is going to be popular on Instagram and that everybody is going to like."
"If you can go and photograph what you like, you're going to be happier and people who like that kind of photography are going to find you."
Shalovelo said to look for points of interest such as abandoned houses or churches.
"Anything that no one would think to capture is usually the best thing to capture."