How the end of the downtown occupation unfolded in Ottawa
A timeline of events over Family Day weekend in the nation's capital
It was a Family Day weekend the likes of which Ottawa has never seen, as three weeks of enduring protests were brought to a swift end. Starting last Friday, unprecedented police action pushed demonstrators off of Wellington Street and moved trucks occupying the downtown core since Jan. 29.
Here's how it all unfolded.
Heading into the long weekend, police warn protesters to move out of the area and the Children's Aid Society calls on parents to take their kids out of the area due to "potential police action."
Interim Ottawa police Chief Steve Bell warns a major increase of police officers will be seen throughout the core.
A secure perimeter is set up and, according to police, there are 100 checkpoints. All highway off-ramps to downtown streets are closed, but some on-ramps remain open so people can leave town.
Five days after the federal government invokes the Emergencies Act, police forces from across the country start moving in to disperse protesters.
On Friday morning, the first area to see police action is around Nicholas Street and the Mackenzie King Bridge. Police warn people to leave the area. As officers move in, several arrests are made and a truck's windows are smashed.
Shortly after 11 a.m., police line up on Rideau Street near Joey's restaurant and begin to move westward. At the same time, rows and rows of officers form on Colonel By Drive near the Westin Hotel. The police contingent includes public order units and members from forces across the country. Bringing up the rear are eight officers on horseback and a tactical vehicle.
Protesters move to Colonel By to stand nose-to-nose with police, yelling "Hold the line." Every 10 minutes or so, police move northward a few steps and come into physical contact with protesters. Some protesters are arrested.
People wave flags and shout at the police as they are pushed onto Rideau Street.
By 1:30 p.m., police move all protesters out of the ByWard Market, off Sussex Drive and off Colonel By Drive. Police, including the Sûreté du Quebec, eventually form a line from the front door of the Château Laurier hotel, across Rideau Street, to the Senate building.
New protesters arrive and some children are in the crowd. Some parents have brought their kids to the occupation to "witness history." Police earlier estimated about 25 per cent of the trucks have children.
Throughout the afternoon, witnesses say the atmosphere is tense, demonstrators are loud and animated. A wall of officers slowly moves in, pushing the crowd. Physical contact with officers leads to some arrests.
Late in the afternoon, mounted police on Rideau Street near the Château Laurier attempt to create space between protesters and officers, according to police.
In the pushing and shoving, people are knocked down by horses, including a woman with a walker, who is reportedly injured. This incident is now being investigated by the police oversight body called the Special Investigations Unit.
Social media and U.S. media outlets spread rumours the woman was trampled and killed. This is later confirmed to be untrue.
By Friday night, several trucks have left the core, but the "party" atmosphere continues in front of the Château Laurier and along Wellington Street.
By end of day, police say they've arrested 100 people. including three of the protest leaders: Chris Barber, Tamara Lich and Pat King. Barber is released on bail and ordered to leave the city within 24 hours.
On Saturday morning shortly after 9 a.m, police wearing helmets and armed with batons pour out of the Château Laurier, moving quickly along Wellington Street, pressing protesters west past Elgin Street. Police clear out protesters gathered around the National War Memorial.
At Metcalfe Street, right in front of the gates of Parliament Hill, there's a melee as police say protesters throw a gas canister.
Police use "a device" to create a loud bang during their advance and report one protester had also "launched a gas canister" at officers.
Officers, including those on horseback, push the protesters from the west end of Wellington Street, making more arrests.
Some of the people arrested are in "body armour" and have smoke grenades and fireworks in their bags, according to police.
By noon, all protesters have been corralled onto O'Connor Street, near Sparks Street. Police say protesters become "assaultive" and officers use pepper spray. People use snow to wipe out their eyes.
Ottawa police also appeal to people to stop flooding its 911 line as a means to "express displeasure about the police action."
Late Saturday afternoon, protesters gather on Bank Street between Sparks and Queen streets. A speaker is set up blaring music and people with flags and signs dance on the street.
Once Wellington is cleared of demonstrators, workers move in to put up more temporary fences to keep them out.
A statement from the so-called "Freedom Convoy," one of the main organizing groups, calls out what it describes as police brutality. Social media posts allege police are using excessive force during arrests.
Protesters were assaulting officers with weapons warranting the deployment of mid range impact weapons (ARWEN) to stop the violent actions of the protesters.—@OttawaPolice
On Saturday evening, a police tweet says protesters assaulted officers with weapons "warranting the deployment of mid range impact weapons." This leads to the launch of a second investigation by the SIU.
On Sunday, Ottawa's mayor says vehicles seized during the crackdown should be sold to cover costs incurred by the city.
Some children remain front and centre in the crowds over the weekend.
By Sunday afternoon, police say they have made 191 arrests, and laid 389 charges against 103 people. Most have been released on bail conditions that include being prohibited from going into the protest area. Police have also towed 79 vehicles including heavy trucks, pickup trucks and cars.
The interim police chief says the investigation will "go on for months to come."
Residents enjoy the quiet as city crews clean up the main protest site. Officers move in on the supply camp on Coventry Road.
It's a bit of a ghost town in Ottawa's downtown core after the end of a raucous protest, but police checkpoints remain to stop protesters from returning. However, the downtown LRT stations reopen.
Cleanup efforts continue now that trucks and protesters are gone from the core.
Police send social media messages that only parliamentary employees are permitted north of Sparks Street, between Elgin and Bay streets. Wellington Street remains closed to all traffic.
Some members of the truck convoy are reported to be regrouping outside the city as more than 50 vehicles are seen over the weekend in Vankleek Hill, Ont.
The City of Ottawa warns any communications involving financial compensation, which appear to come from the city, due to the convoy protests are not authentic.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau defends his government's use of the Emergencies Act as MPs prepare to vote on the act. The House of Commons approves its use.
With files from Joanne Chianello