Random alcohol, drug testing for pilots under consideration at summit

Transport Canada is developing a new policy to take action against pilots caught working under the influence after two high-profile incidents last year where pilots accused of being intoxicated were intercepted at airports, according to a briefing note obtained by CBC News.

2 high-profile incidents last year involved pilots caught under the influence

Calgary police charged Sunwing pilot Miroslav Gronych with being impaired while in control of an aircraft last year. Now, Transport Canada is holding an aviation safety summit that will focus on helping pilots with mental health and substance abuse problems. (Novy Cas/Ringier Axel Springer Slovakia)

Transport Canada is developing a new policy to take action against pilots caught working under the influence after two high-profile incidents last year where pilots accused of being intoxicated were intercepted at airports, according to a briefing note obtained by CBC News. 

Transport Canada 'is developing a policy ... for timely action against pilots caught working under the influence...'- Briefing note obtained by CBC News

Transport Canada is holding an aviation safety summit this week, for the first time, which will focus on helping pilots with mental health issues and substance abuse disorders.

Tuesday's Fit to Fly workshop in Gatineau, Que., is aimed at figuring out if tougher safety rules are needed and if pilots should face random alcohol and drug testing.

In the first incident, Scottish authorities intercepted two Canadian-licensed Air Transat pilots on July 18, 2016, in Glasgow before a flight to Toronto and gave them breathalyzer and blood tests.

They were charged with exceeding the legal blood-alcohol limit in Scotland.

Six months later, on New Year's Eve, Sunwing pilot Miroslav Gronych was so drunk when he stumbled onto his airplane in Calgary that his pin was upside down and he appeared to pass out in the captain's chair.

The foreign national from Slovakia, who was in Canada on a work visa, pleaded guilty to a charge of impaired while in control of an aircraft in March.

Transport Minister Marc Garneau sent letters to all Canadian airlines saying he was "very concerned" about that incident.

CBC News recently obtained a briefing note prepared for Garneau about the two incidents, which said Transport Canada is considering changing its rules. Garneau's office said the minister wasn't available for an interview until the workshop starts on June 6. 

Summit invited pilots, health experts

"[Transport Canada] is developing a policy for the minister's consideration for timely action against pilots caught working under the influence, while at the same time supporting the wellness programs that airlines have in place for those with alcohol or drug abuse issues," reads the document, dated Jan. 12, 2017, which was obtained under the Access to Information Act.

Pilots, unions and health experts from across the country and abroad are now descending on the National Capital Region for the two-day event to figure out what else can be done to improve safety, "including whether any regulatory changes should be considered," Transport Canada confirmed. 

Two Air Transat pilots were intercepted by law enforcement officers at the Glasgow airport before a flight to Toronto and were charged with being impaired. (AP Photo/Humberta Augusto)

In Canada, it's against the law for pilots to fly within eight hours of having an alcoholic drink or being under the influence.

Transport Canada said it takes violations of those rules seriously. It can revoke licences and issue fines of up to $5,000 for a pilot and up to $25,000 for a corporation, according to the briefing note.

Currently no mandatory testing

No regulator in Canada has mandated random drug and alcohol testing yet, as privacy laws have made such a step challenging. A 2013 Supreme Court of Canada decision ruled that random testing of employees is only allowed if there's reason to believe a worker is impaired on duty or if he or she was directly involved in a workplace accident.

In May, the Toronto Transit Commission started testing up to eight workers a day, including bus and subway drivers — a decision that was later upheld by a judge, despite attempts by their union to block the policy.

So far, four employees have tested positive, none of whom were operators.

As of May, TTC workers have to undergo random drug and alcohol testing. (David Donnelly/CBC)

Canadian regulator may start random testing for first time

The Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) could also soon pave the way for regulators to mandate random drug and alcohol testing. 

The commission is proposing that a very small number of workers with high-risk jobs at nuclear plants be tested.

We want to be proactive.- André Bouchard, director with CNSC

André Bouchard, a director with CNSC, is attending Tuesday's workshop and said he would be passing along what he'd learned during eight years of consultations with stakeholders, unions and the Canadian Human Rights Commission.

André Bouchard, director of the human and organizational performance directorate of safety management at the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, is to speak at the aviation summit. (Ashley Burke/CBC News)

The proposed regulations will be voted on in August, and Bouchard said he believes the potential policy strikes a balance between safety and workers' rights. 

"It's less than one per cent of the overall population that will be subjected to that measure," Bouchard said. "These are the people in the control room of the reactor. They are also the people responsible for the physical security of the premises."

"We want to be proactive. We do not want to wait for an event to happen," he added. ​

Bouchard also said he wants the aviation industry to know that it's important to workers that they aren't penalized if they test positive. Instead, they should be given help and put into support programs, he said. 

'If you prevent 1 accident you're ahead'

Some pilots think random alcohol and drug testing isn't a bad idea. 

Jock Williams, a retired commercial pilot and former Transport Canada flight safety official, said the majority of pilots never break the rules, so it may not be necessary. But it wouldn't hurt either, he added. 

"If you prevent one accident, you're ahead," Williams said. 

Williams said he underwent similar testing between 2003 and 2005 when he worked for the Greater Toronto Airports Authority, until they stopped doing it over complaints about employees' rights.
Retired commercial pilot Jock Williams says he underwent random drug and alcohol testing from 2003-2005 on the job. (CBC News)

A computer would spit out names and those pilots had to report to the nurses' station to give a blood and urine sample, he said.

"I think it probably created an atmosphere in which people did not brush with the rules because they knew they could be caught," Williams said. "Certainly the feeling was, if you were caught with a blood-alcohol reading or any other actionable drug, that you would be fired — simple as that."

'We really haven't had a huge problem'

Nevertheless, random drug testing is a sensitive and controversial topic in the aviation community. 

There are concerns over false positive tests, medical files being not handled securely, and pilots being treated as if they can't be trusted to follow the rules, according to Greg Holbrook, director of operations for the Canadian Federal Pilots Association. 

Greg Holbrook with the Canadian Federal Pilots Association says it's worth reevaluating if Canada's system is stringent enough and if it could be safer. (Greg Holbrook)

Holbrook said the fact the Sunwing pilot last year was intercepted before taking off in Calgary shows the current system is working. 

"We really haven't had a huge problem with this in Canada, because most Canadian aviators are well steeped in the understanding that impairment and operation of an aircraft just do not go together," he said.

Canada already has strong rules and programs in place to get pilots help with issues before it gets to the point where they abuse alcohol and drugs, Holbrook added. That includes peer-to-peer support programs and regular medical check-ups with specialized aviation doctors every six months. 

But at the same time, Holbrook said he thinks it's worthwhile that the workshop is reevaluating the current system and how to improve it. 


Ashley Burke

Senior reporter

Ashley Burke is a senior reporter with the CBC's Parliamentary Bureau in Ottawa who focuses on enterprise journalism for television, radio and digital platforms. She earned the prestigious Charles Lynch Award and was a finalist for the Michener Award for her exclusive reporting on the past toxic workplace at Rideau Hall. She has also uncovered rampant allegations of sexual misconduct in the military. Her beats include transport, defence and federal government accountability. You can reach her confidentially by email: or