Ottawa offers Attawapiskat evacuation plan

The federal government is offering to relocate families living in tents and shacks in the northern Ontario cree community of Attawapiskat until adequate housing can be provided for them.

NDP says community should get army's help

The federal government is offering to relocate families living in tents and shacks in the northern Ontario community of Attawapiskat until adequate housing can be provided for them.

A third-party manager appointed by Ottawa is prepared to purchase 15 modular homes to help deal with the community's housing crisis, Aboriginal Affairs Minister John Duncan said Wednesday in a letter to Attawapiskat Chief Theresa Spence.

However, the homes would not be delivered until a winter road to the community opens in about two months.

Until then, Duncan said that a local sportsplex or healing lodge could be modified to accommodate families who are living in substandard housing. Evacuation is another option, he said.

Spence hasn't responded publicly to Duncan's offer.

Earlier in the day, interim NDP Leader Nycole Turmel said Ottawa should send in the military to help deal with the situation.

The lack of warm and hygienic housing is dire given the arrival of winter and people in Attawapiskat have asked her to seek the army's help, Turmel wrote in a letter to Prime Minister Stephen Harper.

"There is no time to waste," she wrote.

An Attawapiskat resident holds a child in one of the community's homes. (CBC)

Moving supplies into the community will require logistical co-ordination, Turmel said, noting that the military has been used elsewhere in times of crisis because of its specialized transport equipment and logistical expertise.

Canada Command says it has not received request

When asked whether the government would accept the NDP's request for military intervention, Duncan replied, "unlike the NDP we are focused on the residents of Attawapiskat and not on scoring political points.

"We've been working on a plan around the clock … to ensure residents, especially children, have warm, dry places to sleep," he said during question period. "We have a plan, we're still committed to working with the band council and we urge them to be part of the solution going forward."

Canada Command told CBC News that it has not received any requests to help in Attawapiskat, according to a spokesman at its public affairs office. Canada Command is responsible for Canadian Forces routine operations in Canada.

When asked about the NDP military request, Assembly of First Nations National Chief Shawn Atleo said that it's important that First Nations drive the solutions going forward, rather than a unilateral decision from Ottawa. 

"I would stand in full support of any First Nations, any First Nations leader or government, that is reaching out for major emergency and crisis response," he told host Carole MacNeil on CBC's News Now.

"And if it includes calling in a response such as the army, in a way that is respectful of the jurisdiction of the leadership, and if that's what is needed by her people, that's what duly appointed elected leaders are responsible for calling for."

The remote James Bay First Nations community declared a state of emergency in October over substandard housing conditions, with some of its 1,800 residents living in unheated tents and portable trailers.


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The government has since put Attawapiskat under third-party management to oversee spending, and ordered an independent audit of the community's finances, but band leaders have condemned Ottawa's handling of the crisis.

Harper says his government has given the community around $90 million over the past five years, though critics noted most of that money went to infrastructure and services unrelated to housing.

'Civil disobedience' possible

Third-party manager Jacques Marion, from the accounting and consulting firm BDO Canada, arrived in Attawapiskat on Monday but was asked by the band leadership to leave.

Chief Spence had told CBC News, "I don't want them in my community … we should focus on the crisis, not on other things."

Stan Louttit, a regional chief who presides over the Mushkegowuk Council, which represents Attawapiskat and six other First Nations, said Tuesday a number of his counterparts were prepared to engage in civil disobedience over the government's handling of the situation.

"There's people who are ready to stand up and be counted ... to stand up and do civil disobedience so that we are heard,"  Louttit told Evan Solomon on CBC-TV's Power & Politics.

During an annual meeting of First Nations chiefs in Ottawa on Tuesday, the leaders passed a resolution declaring their support for "the leadership and citizens of Attawapiskat First Nation in their efforts to address the emergency needs of their people, including ensuring adequate housing and health supports."

The resolution also requested that the United Nations bring in a "special rapporteur" to find out whether Ottawa is meeting its legal obligations to aboriginal people.