Nova Scotia

Victims' family raises questions on timeline, gunman's exit in Portapique inquiry

The Mass Casualty Commission heard arguments on Monday around why front-line RCMP officers and those in command positions should be called to testify.

Arguments continued Monday around which RCMP officers should be called to testify

Harry Bond's parents, Joy and Peter Bond, were killed in their Portapique home on April 18, 2020. (CBC)

Harry Bond still doesn't know exactly when a gunman killed his parents, Joy and Peter Bond, a couple who had retired to a quiet corner of Nova Scotia steps from the Bay of Fundy shore. 

Police did not discover their bodies for about 16 hours, something he still finds troubling. Making things worse, police did not confirm their Saturday night deaths to him until two days later, when he finally got fed up waiting for information and drove to Portapique, N.S., from his home a few hours drive away.

"I had to jump in my truck Monday morning and pick up my brother and go down and demand answers … that's the only reason we found out Monday afternoon," Bond said in an interview.

"Everything about this, it's changed my outlook on life. It's changed my outlook on the RCMP, unfortunately. And that's why this public inquiry — to do the public inquiry properly — is so important. There was mistakes and they need to learn from them."

Joy and Peter Bond were killed during the shooting rampage that killed 22 Nova Scotians. (Facebook)

The lack of faith in institutions — from the police force meant to protect, to the inquiry tasked with examining whether it failed to do so — has been a common thread in the nearly two years since a man disguised as a Mountie killed 22 people in April 2020. 

Loved ones of people killed demanded a full public inquiry to get answers about how the gunman managed to move freely between communities in a replica cruiser, his actions a cruel distortion of a symbol many, including some of his victims, only associated with law and order. 

The commission mandated to shine a light on what happened, as well as the context and circumstances of the attacks that injured some and left many others deeply affected, resumed deliberations Monday on whether to call individual front-line officers, and discussing when the commanding officers overseeing the response will be called. 

An RCMP officer talks with a local resident before escorting them home at a roadblock in Portapique, N.S., on April 22, 2020. (Andrew Vaughan/The Canadian Press)

MLA Tom Taggart, who represents the area, said the first time he spoke to inquiry staff he told them they had to work on building trust in the community. 

But he said he hasn't seen that happen. He said not having answers about whether the gunman's spouse or RCMP officers will testify has "derailed" people's faith in the process. 

"The credibility [of the commission] is shot right now. Can they get it back? I don't know," said Taggart, who was the municipal councillor in April 2020.

Calls to hear from supervising officers

Lawyers for some families have requested 18 officers be called as witnesses. Monday they discussed some specific officers and their roles.

Among them, Staff Sgt. Brian Rehill, who was the risk manager and commanded the early hours of the response from the RCMP's Operational Communications Centre in Truro, N.S., Staff Sgt. Addie MacCallum and Staff Sgt. Steve Halliday, who both were examining maps and trying to determine how to contain Portapique, and Sgt. Andy O'Brien, who started working after getting a call from Const. Stuart Beselt, the first officer on scene. Staff Sgt. Jeff West, another officer on the list, took over as incident commander at 1:19 a.m.

"It will not be a question of if but when" commanding officers will be called, Chief Commissioner Michael MacDonald  said on Thursday.

Sandra McCulloch of Patterson Law represents 23 participants in the inquiry, including more than half of the families of people killed on April 18-19, 2020. (CBC)

Lawyers representing police said on Monday that it would be premature to call those Mounties as witnesses now, since the commission is planning to release a document summarizing command decisions outlining their involvement later in the spring.

But Sandra McCulloch, a lawyer for Patterson Law representing families of more than half of the people killed, reiterated Monday that it still wasn't clear in what capacity the officers would be called later. Last week commission staff said some officers were scheduled to be part of witness circles as opposed to testifying on their own. 

Chief Commissioner Michael MacDonald said on Monday morning the commissioners will be considering the submissions and will respond "as quickly as possible," though he didn't commit to when they'd announce a decision, saying he didn't want to overpromise.

Some legal experts have said the commission's trauma-informed approach should be balanced with the public's right to information.

Taggart said he's willing to accept some RCMP officers may need accommodations to testify, but he said testimony is crucial. He said they may well be traumatized, but so are the people he represents.

"They're the people who were standing in their driveway, watching houses burn and hearing gunshots and wondering what's going on. Those people were pretty traumatized, too, and I understood that's what this inquiry was for, to get them answers," said Taggart. 

Family members, in particular, have been struggling since April 2020 to understand why this happened, he said.

"For them not to believe what they're being told, the trust, that can be a challenge," he said. 

More summary documents coming

Over the coming months, the commission plans to present reports to the public on various aspects of the deadly rampage — from the identification of victims on the short street where Bond's parents lived to next-of-kin notifications. The next new report, one focused on the time the gunman spent overnight in an industrial park in Debert, N.S., is scheduled to be presented on March 9. 

The inquiry has tabled three reports so far focused on what happened in Portapique, N.S., the night Gabriel Wortman attacked his partner and then turned his wrath on neighbours when she escaped.

The inquiry drew on cellphone records, police radio logs and transcripts of interviews with the community members and police officers, some of which are also posted publicly.

Yet there are still gaps and unknowns in the information presented so far by the commission.

Among them, the exact path the gunman took while targeting the 13 neighbours he killed. The commission described possible scenarios for when the gunman went to the Bonds and to the home of the neighbours — Jolene Oliver, Aaron Tuck and their daughter, Emily Tuck. 

It suggested the gunman may have crisscrossed the rural subdivision and used trails cut on his own property.

Joshua Bryson is a lawyer for the family of Joy and Peter Bond, who were killed at their home in Portapique on April 18, 2020. (CBC)

Bond said he still wants clarity. The lawyer representing his family, Joshua Bryson, told the commission the timeline is a "big issue" for his clients because, until about a month ago, it was hypothesized the Bonds were killed after Corrie EIllison was shot around 10:39 p.m. AT.

But that has since changed, since the commission's timeline now suggests that they were killed before Ellison, sometime between 10:05 p.m. and 10:20 p.m. The timeline is still in "a state of flux" and evidence from Lisa Banfield, the gunman's spouse, can likely offer assistance in forming the timeline based on what she heard or saw, Bryson said.

He also said it's important to hear more from the RCMP on why the first team on the ground, or other officers throughout the night, never went to Cobequid Court where the Bond and Tuck families lived.

"It's life, there's going to be gaps. But right now, I feel there's gaps being made that could be closed," Harry Bond said last week. 

Back road out of Portapique

The route is far from the only outstanding question. 

Despite learning there was a back road out of Portapique, N.S., in the first half hour of being on the scene, it's not clear how the RCMP used that information and if it impacted their response.

Const. Vicki Colford spoke to Kate MacDonald, who was in a car with her husband when the gunman fired at them. While they waited for an ambulance, MacDonald explained that the rural subdivision had a back exit on a private road.

The six containment points around Portapique that were set up by RCMP the night of April 18 and early morning hours of April 19, 2020. (Mass Casualty Commission )

At 10:48, Colford radioed to her colleagues:

"Millbrook, if you guys want to have a look at the map, we're being told there's a road, kind of a road that someone could come out, before here. Ah, if they know the roads well."

But it wasn't until midnight that officers were stationed on Highway 2 east of Portapique Beach Road. In the first hour and a half of the police response, police set up two containment points further west of Portapique Beach Road. A pair moved to Brown Loop, to which the blueberry field road connects, at 5 a.m.. 

One future document the commission is preparing will focus on decisions made by the RCMP officers overseeing the response. 

'Every minute matters'

Lawyers have also questioned the accuracy of the timing suggested by the commission regarding a family who saw vehicle headlights driving along the blueberry field that Saturday night. 

It's also possible — based on GPS data from vehicles — that an officer racing to the scene drove past the gunman around Great Village, N.S. Const. Chris Grund, one of the two officers responding from the Millbrook detachment, said he had no memory of seeing that car during a later interview with the commission. 

Michael Scott, a lawyer with Patterson Law who represents families of more than half of the people killed, said that's part of the reason his clients want Grund to answer further questions. 

He said the commission's belief that the gunman drove out of Portapique around 10:45 p.m. is based on blurry surveillance footage of the replica cruiser passing a gas station in Great Village shortly after. 

If Grund didn't see what appeared to be a marked cruiser without its lights on travelling more than 100 km/h in the opposite direction, it's possible the car wasn't there at that time, Scott said. 

"In that part of the timeline, we would suggest that every minute matters. Because every minute that that containment point was not contained, is another opportunity to stop the perpetrator before he moved out into the community," Scott said during last week's hearings. 

In response, Patricia MacPhee, a lawyer for the Department of Justice, said Grund did address this question already, adding "there is no gap that would require his appearance here."

Son hopes victims remain first in people's minds

Harry Bond was among the family members who asked the commission last week to display photos of the people killed on the screen so that people watching could put faces to names. The commission said not all families were in favour of this, so as a compromise it projected people's names on screen at the beginning of proceedings. 

He said it's important for people to remember the people killed were good people who were loved and deserved better. 

Bond said his father could be tough, but said he shaped his two sons into the men they became.

"Mom and Dad were willing to help anybody," he said. "Mom will be remembered for her kindness, loving towards kids, her smile, her one-of-a-kind laugh. I miss that, I really miss that."

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Elizabeth McMillan is a journalist with CBC in Halifax. Over the past 13 years, she has reported from the edge of the Arctic Ocean to the Atlantic Coast and loves sharing people's stories. Please send tips and feedback to elizabeth.mcmillan@cbc.ca

With files from Blair Rhodes and Haley Ryan

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