Nova Scotia to become 1st in North America with presumed consent for organ donation
Province will take 12 to 18 months after bill passes to prepare for changes
Cindy Ryan knows to the day how long it's been since her life changed thanks to an organ donation, and what that change has allowed her to experience.
"My 50th birthday celebrated in hospital and a few more since," said the Westville, N.S., resident.
"My daughter becoming vice-principal. My son graduating from St. F.X. My step-daughter becoming a nurse. My grandson starting high school.
"My first date with the man who is now my husband, and our wedding, which gave me another son and granddaughter. The list goes on and on. In fact, it is 1,979 days long and counting."
Ryan was on hand Tuesday as Nova Scotia Premier Stephen McNeil tabled legislation that will make the province the first jurisdiction in North America to have presumed consent for organ and tissue donation.
People will be able to opt out of donating their organs, but the onus will be on them to do so once the bill is proclaimed. The bill would not apply to people younger than 19 or those who do not have the ability to consent for themselves.
Spain, Belgium already have opt-out system
Ryan was hospitalized in 2013 with a virus that attacked her liver. She fell into a coma, and her family was told she had four weeks to live, but then she "hit the lottery" and received a liver transplant.
Complications meant she needed another transplant in 2015.
"Although many things have changed in the last four years, I am enjoying life again," she said.
Dr. Stephen Beed, medical director of the province's Legacy of Life and critical care organ donation program, called Tuesday "a very good day" for the province and the program he helps run.
The idea for presumed consent started gaining traction almost 15 years ago, he said. Several other countries, including Belgium and Spain, already use the system.
The importance of organ donation is driven home when one spends time at the bedside with patients and their families, said Beed.
"It's the only good we can offer to a family that's going through the worst days you can imagine in certain clinical circumstances, and we all understand the benefits for the recipients," he said.
But while the idea has been pursued for some time — and the former NDP government even passed, but did not proclaim, a similar bill in 2010 — Beed said it wasn't until very recently that the organ donation program was in a position to be able to support such a change.
Access to organ donation varies
Even now, he said, there is more work to be done before donation opportunities are available in equal measure across the province.
"I want to be able to say to every Nova Scotian wherever you live that the donation opportunity is going to be the same irrespective of your postal code," Beed said.
"I'm not sure we can say that credibly today, but I want to be able to say that in 12 months or in 18 months. We have a chance to take what I think is a very good program and make it what I hope will be the best program in the country."
Beed said enhancements to the system include more training for front-line health-care workers so they can recognize potential organ donors who can be referred to teams that can support them.
"We know that the health-care communities across this province are populated by clinicians who didn't get training and education during their nursing school, their medical school, their residency on donation," he said.
"So, we don't have a community that's as informed around the donation topic, if you will, as we'd like."
Better recognition is part of improving the system, said Beed. The plan is to have experts in a central location who can support colleagues in more remote places, as well as to place local experts within the province's regional hospitals so there is support for staff on site.
"That will require significant education and training, and it's going to be a long-term, continuous type of a process."
'We have work to do' — premier
Premier Stephen McNeil said the bill fills a need within the province, noting Nova Scotia has some of the highest per capita rates of willing donors in the country.
"That doesn't always translate into the actual act of giving," he said.
"We know that there are many ways that we can continue to improve the system that we have."
McNeil pledged to put the necessary services in place to allow the province's donor program to live up to the promise of the legislation.
"We know that in many parts of our province — including the one I live in, which is a rural part of Nova Scotia — we have work to do," he said.
"I will make sure that the work that is required to build the system and supports around this will happen."
The bill will not be proclaimed right away.
Health Minister Randy Delorey said government officials would spend 12-18 months educating the public about the change and working on getting health-care workers the support they need to enhance the program.
Even with the change, Delorey said, people should continue making their wishes known to loved ones, so there can be no question about intentions.
Beed said that while they don't know for sure what the change will mean for donations, areas in Europe that have made the change have seen donations go up by as much as 35 per cent. He cautioned, however, that such progress doesn't simply come because of a law. There must be the necessary support for the system in place, too.
As for Ryan, she said she's spent her second chance at life trying to pay it forward.
That means acting as a public advocate for organ donation, along with her sister, "practically pulling people off the street to become blood donors" and starting a Nova Scotia branch of the Canadian Transplant Association.
She's even permanently tattooed her message on her arm.
"So many changes in my life, so many things to be grateful for everyday, and all because someone I'll never have the honour to meet gave me the most generous gift of all - the gift of organ donation, the gift of life."