The Canadian Press cuts jobs to deal with declining revenue
The Canadian Press is cutting six editorial positions, in a move the company said is prompted by a decline in its subscription revenue. Most of the journalists affected work in the news agency's Atlantic bureau in Halifax.
Four people in that bureau were handed layoff notices Friday that will take effect at the end of March.
However, the news agency is also launching a voluntary departure program which means some other employees in the bureau may opt to leave the company, thereby saving the jobs of some of those who received the notices.
In a statement to employees, Canadian Press president Malcolm Kirk cited "tremendous disruption to traditional business models," which has caused a decline in the advertising revenues of the news outlets that pay for Canadian Press services.
"Unfortunately, recent reductions in our subscription revenue, particularly in Atlantic Canada, mean the company must take immediate steps to adjust its operations and cost structure," Kirk said.
Workforce 15% smaller
In a reply to Kirk's statement, the Canadian Media Guild, the union which represents journalists at Canadian Press, said this is the fourth significant round of layoffs since last spring. The guild also represents CBC News employees.
The union said the workforce will be 15 per cent smaller than it was a year ago after these latest cuts take effect.
The union said those journalists who remain cannot be expected to provide the same volume of work as before the cuts.
Tim Currie, director of the School of Journalism at the University of King's College in Halifax, said the cuts are a sign of the times in the industry.
"I think what we're seeing is the media landscape continuing to fragment as news outlets continue to specialize, try to find a niche, try to find a business model that allows them to differentiate themselves."
Declining ad revenues
Currie said he tries to reassure his students when news surfaces of cuts like this.
"I tell them it's not like people are reading less news than they did. It's not that people don't want journalism. It's a problem of the business model and this is the internet decimating media sector after media sector."
Currie said this is mostly a problem with local news outlets that are struggling to cope with declining advertising revenues and a smaller base of subscribers. He said larger news organizations that can invest in investigative journalism and broad-based political reporting are thriving.
The Canadian Press was created by newspaper publishers in 1917 during the First World War, when many were desperate to bring news of Canadian troops on the European front to their readers. It was incorporated under federal statute in 1923 as a co-operative owned by daily newspapers, allowing them to exchange news stories.
It became a for-profit corporation in 2010, as part of an agreement with the federal government to meet its pension obligations. Members of the co-operative became commercial clients, and CBC News is among those clients.