Nova Scotia

Wave of bells to ring out across Canada to mark 100 years since WWI

Bells will ring out 100 times Sunday evening as the sun sets in communities across Canada, echoing the church bells that tolled in celebration of the armistice 100 years ago.

Royal Canadian Legion is encouraging spiritual centres to take part in Bells of Peace on Sunday at sunset

When people in Europe learned of the armistice on Nov. 11, 1918, many celebrated by rushing to churches to ring the bells that were silenced during the war. (The Royal Canadian Legion Dominion Command/Facebook)

News of the end of fighting in the First World War travelled through Europe, in part, by the eruption of church bells that people rang in celebration.

A century later, bells in communities across Canada will chime 100 times as the sun slips under the horizon this Sunday to mark each year since the armistice.

The Royal Canadian Legion and Veterans Affairs Canada have been encouraging legions, churches, spiritual centres and community centres to take part in the initiative, called "Bells of Peace." They're asking Canadians to ring or play bells at five-second intervals starting at sunset on Sunday. 

There are similar programs in the U.K., the U.S. and Australia.

Churches such as St. Paul's Anglican in Charlottetown will be participating in Sunday's memorial. (Brian Higgins/CBC)

"We just want to emulate [the bells in Europe] as a tribute to those that fell and gave us the ability to be here and enjoy what we have today," said Chief Petty Officer Ben Broome, who serves with the navy in Halifax and is part of the UN-NATO Veterans group in Nova Scotia. 

Since the timing will coincide with sunset, the chorus will begin in St. John's and move westward. 

Broome said it aims to create a wave of remembrance across the country. 

"It would be nice to think that we could stop for a moment and reflect, [on] those grandmothers, those grandfathers, those mums, dads, uncles, brothers and sisters. If it wasn't for the sacrifices they made we wouldn't be speaking today. It would be a completely different world."

Chief Petty Officer Ben Broome hopes people who hear the bells talk to children about their significance. (Rob Short/CBC)

The Peace Tower's carillon on Parliament Hill will chime, as will bells in Mons, Belgium, as "symbols of victory, relief and joy on the 100th anniversary of the armistice," Veterans Affairs Minister Seamus O'Regan said in a statement.

The legion expects hundreds of communities to take part across Canada at sunset, meaning bells will start ringing at 4:29 p.m. local time in Newfoundland, and the wave of bells will run across the country for more than four hours until sunset in B.C.  

In Halifax, Broome contacted naval and municipal leaders after learning about the plan in October, concerned the project wasn't adequately publicized.

In part through his efforts, bells on naval ships on Halifax's waterfront will sound continually for a minute prior to sundown, in additional to the daily sunset ceremony where ships flags are lowered. 

Jay Tofflemire, first vice president of Nova Scotia and Nunavut Command of the Royal Canadian Legion, says it's unclear how many churches and community centres will participate but information has been sent out across the country. (Rob Short/CBC)

Jay Tofflemire, first vice president of the Royal Canadian Legion, Nova Scotia and Nunavut Command, said many churches have transitioned to electronic systems that don't require people to ring physical bells. He said the legion is still encouraging community organizations to play recorded bell tones in the spirit of the event. 

Photos and videos can be shared with the hashtag #100Bells and #100Cloches. 

Tofflemire said the legion has also been working with schools to help students to research and place flags on the graves of First World War veterans. 

"We're hoping with the ringing of the bells people will pause and go, 'Now I know what this is for,'" he said. 

Canadians march through the streets of Mons, Belgium on Nov. 11, 1918. (Library and Archives Canada/PA-003547)

Broome hopes people who hear the bells also take the opportunity to educate young people about what they mean. 

"Bring them into the scope of responsibility to try to carry this forward so the atrocities of war don't repeat," he said. 

Now in his 36th year of service in the navy, Broome plans to be in Fort Needham Park in Halifax's north end. The park commemorates the 1917 Halifax Explosion — which killed 2,000 people and injured another 9,000. Two vessels — SS Imo and the explosive-laden SS Mont-Blanc  — collided in the nearby harbour. 

"That was the absolute closest that anything from World War I, physically touched Canadian soil. So the ringing of those bells was of paramount importance to me," Broome said. 


Elizabeth McMillan is a journalist with CBC in Halifax. Over the past 15 years, she has reported from the edge of the Arctic Ocean to the Atlantic Coast and loves sharing people's stories. Please send tips and feedback to