New Canadians are feeling the threat of food insecurity — and COVID-19 has only made it worse
CBC's Fed Up series explores food insecurity in Newfoundland and Labrador
Coming to Canada can be an exciting time for many immigrants and other newcomers.
But with integration struggles, Newfoundland and Labrador's high food insecurity rates, and the COVID-19 pandemic, new arrivals in the province can also face severe challenges.
According to Proof Canada, a research team that investigates and publishes annual reports on food insecurity, the odds of a person facing food insecurity in Newfoundland and Labrador rose by 49 per cent from 2011 to 2018.
Close to 15 per cent of households in the province struggle to put food on the table, according to Proof.
Immigrants, international students and other newcomers often face more food insecurity hurdles, driven in part by the uncertainty that comes with living in a new place, adjusting to a new culture, language barriers and other struggles that have been amplified by the pandemic.
Those struggles are felt by a single mother who immigrated to the province with her children just before the pandemic began. CBC News is protecting the identity of the woman due to concerns about her safety.
"When the pandemic started, everything got bad with me. All my appointments cancelled. I need to meet my doctor, I need medicine, I need to go, I have no transportation," the woman told CBC News in a recent interview.
"I check around me, and all the people were scared to contact with. I felt like 'Oh my God, I am stuck here alone."
Watch the latest instalment of CBC N.L.'s Fed Up here, co-produced by N.L. Eats:
Because of her health condition, a lack of access to transportation and limited resources, the woman says she fears she won't be able to provide food for her children.
"We're looking for a better future for my kids," she said. "I came here with beautiful dreams. But with my health condition, everything is gone."
Her situation did improve slightly when a close friend spoke with a volunteer at N.L. Eats — a mobile food bank based in St. John's — who was able to help her family.
"They helped me a lot with that for six or seven months. Oh, my God. They saved me," she said.
"I am still stuck with something bad in my heart, but I have big hope to be fine in the future.… Don't lose hope."
I had to change my diet. I literally changed what I actually bought on a weekly basis.- Aaron Tan
On top of struggling to put food on the table, some newcomers to the province also struggle to find culturally appropriate foods and have to change the way they eat.
It forced Memorial University student Aaron Tan to go through dietary acculturation, a process by which immigrants adapt to the dietary practices of their new home country.
For Tan, who came to the province from Malaysia, it meant switching from the food he usually bought to whatever was available and affordable.
"I used to buy from meats and chickens to pork, beef and all sorts of vegetables. To now, just like sausages and maybe fish off and on. Some meat here and there.… I ended up buying a lot of rice, instant noodles, spaghetti, pasta because they actually last longer," Tan said.
"I had to change my diet. I literally changed what I actually bought on a weekly basis."
Forty per cent of MUN students experience food insecurity, according to data from the Canadian Federation of Students.
Mental health struggles compound food insecurity
Tan is also impacted by another COVID-19-related issue: an inability to access funds from his support network in Malaysia.
"Because I'm an international student, it takes a bit of time for them to send me money especially to wire it from their bank to my bank," he said. "And with the food shortages, with the transportation issue, it also becomes a barrier."
The stress of the situation, paired with the early stages of the pandemic, had a great impact on Tan's mental health, he said. He redeveloped anxiety and had to see a therapist and join an on-campus group to get back on track.
Studies suggest there is a direct link between food insecurity and adverse mental health outcomes, part of it due to the uncertainty people face as they struggle to meet their needs.
Fourth-year computer engineering student Jinesh Modi says he's in a similar boat.
Modi, who came to the province in 2017, says a lot of his life decisions were made around the prospect of being able to secure a work term and work in Canada. He had work in the province locked down, but COVID-19 changed his plans.
"One month before I actually could start, my work term got cancelled because of COVID. That one month, I had no job, and was in a big state of depression," he said.
Without work, Modi said, his stresses compounded into factors connected to food insecurity.
"At that time, it was a little bit difficult accessing the groceries … especially because of the bus, where only nine people at a time were allowed in the bus," he said.
Modi said more needs to be done to help people get around the city and to improve access to groceries. But in the 2021 budget, the city cut Metrobus and paratransit funding by just under $700,000.
"I think if we can invest a little bit more in streetlights and transportation, things [that] make it more like a city, it would be more easier for more people to come in here as well."
Fed Up is a series by CBC N.L., in collaboration with Food First N.L., that explores the issues of food insecurity and why many people in the province struggle to access food.
- A previous version of this story said the City of St. John's is cutting Metrobus funding. In fact, the 2022 budget will be released on Monday and a spokesperson says no cuts are planned. In the 2021 budget, the city cut transit spending by about $700,000.Dec 07, 2021 1:49 PM NT
With files from Amy Joy