New Brunswick

15 Sackville students forced from historic former mansion over zoning infractions

The late Georgian mansion on Sackville's Main Street has been used as office space and apartments for years, but a zoning issue that came to light over the summer means 15 students have to move out just as their semester is starting and the area is under strict COVID rules.

Students can move into campus residence or alternate apartments with moving costs and rent increase covered

Built in 1841, and owned by some of the town's more prominent families over the years, the building was most recently used as apartments and office space. (Tori Weldon/CBC)

Fifteen Mount Allison University students have to move by Feb. 13 because their apartment building in Sackville was not zoned to be used as apartments. 

The Town of Sackville brought the matter to civil court because it claims the owner of the historic former mansion  committed a zoning infraction and was doing work on the building without the proper permit.

Justice Darrell Stephenson presided over the proceedings in Moncton on Friday by phone. 

He said he doesn't take the matter lightly, considering that much of the province is in the red phase of COVID restrictions and the students have just started the winter semester.

"I'm not going to let any of the students fall through the cracks on this," said Stephenson via teleconference.

Both lawyers and Justice Darrell Stephenson attended the court proceedings via teleconference. The only people in the room were the court stenographer and reporters. (Tori Weldon/CBC)

The matter was before the court last Friday as well but was adjourned because Stephenson requested that a walk-through be performed to determine if there were any safety issues.

The late Georgian mansion at 131 Main St. sits across from the Mount Allison University swan pond. It's listed on the Canadian Register of Historic Places as the Joseph F. Allison House, built in 1841.

Christopher Stewart, the lawyer representing the town, said a number of problems were found in the building, and "there appears to be no livable units without a safety issue."

Some windows were too small to be considered a fire exit, others were too high to reach without a chair. One new window in the basement was deemed large enough, but it opened into a window well, not meeting building codes.

Hearing of the problems, Stephenson said the students needed to be notified that they must leave the building by mid-February with their moving expenses covered by the landlords, Barbara and Gordon Beal. 

At the first hearing, the Beals, including their daughter and property manager, Kathy Beal, were asked to find vacant apartments for their tenants to move into.

Their lawyer, Ted Ehrhardt, told the court that 13 spaces in apartments were secured, and Mount Allison had dorm rooms available as well. Three students had already found new apartments.

Stephenson said if the new accommodations cost more to rent, the Beal family would be responsible for covering the difference for three months.

"Let's get those students out as soon as we can," said Stephenson.

Mount Allison University has vacant rooms available for the displaced students. (Submitted by Mount Allison University)

According to Kathy Beal, 15 students live in the apartments on the second and third floors of the house. The bottom floor was rented out as office space.

She said some of the businesses that rented space in the house started to move out last spring because of COVID-19. Her 86-year-old father then wondered how he could generate enough income to pay the taxes. He started adding two new kitchens to make room for more students. 

Beal said her father comes from a different time and "thinks he can do whatever he wants because it's his property."

A complaint was made about the work, and Beal said the town became involved via the Southeast Regional Service Commission.

Town planning manager Lori Bickford said the issues at the heart of the matter are that alterations were being done to the building without a permit, and the building housed apartments even though the current zoning, residential historic commercial, doesn't allow that.

"On my end, it's relatively simple, it's just not allowed under the bylaw," said Bickford, who office administers building permits and enforces zoning bylaws.

Tenants for a decade

According to Beal, there have been student tenants in the building for 10 years. But when she became aware of the fire safety problems, she said she replaced some windows and added fire extinguishers.

She thought she'd done enough to allow the students to finish the school year in the apartments, but got an order from Bickford's office just before Christmas.

Jonathan Ferguson, president of Mount Allison's student union, said it's a hard time of year to find vacant apartments Sackville. (Tori Weldon/CBC News file photo)

Though she wishes the students could stay for their sake, she accepts Stephenson's decision. 

"There's a lot of other places that have students that are a lot worse," said Beal.

Beal isn't sure what comes next for the building, which was most recently called the Fawcett Professional Centre.

"My dad wanted a demolition permit to knock it down," she said. Selling it is another possibility, she said.

In 2014, the Beal family requested that a section of land at the back of the lot be rezoned to make way for an apartment development. Sackville town council denied the request twice.

Vacancies hard to come by

Jonathan Ferguson, president of Mount Allison's student Union, said several students have reached out for help. A similar situation cropped up when a fire broke out in Sackville's downtown in the fall of 2020 and approximately the same number of students had to find new homes.

"This is a very difficult time of year for students to find out that they have two weeks … notice to find new accommodations in a relatively small town that's near capacity," said Ferguson.

Classes started virtually at Mount Allison on Monday and are scheduled to happen in person next week.

Jamie Burke, Sackville's chief administrative officer. (Kate Letterick/CBC)

 Sackville's chief administrative officer, Jamie Burke, said "usually when people receive a notice to comply, typically the property is brought into compliance," said Burke.

The town issued its first notice to the Beals in August 2020, with the town council passing a motion to begin court proceedings in October. 

"This is a last resort obviously, it's not something that we like to do or want to do, but we really don't have any other choice in this case," said Burke.

The Beal's lawyer, working with the town of Sackville's lawyer. is in the process of drawing up a letter that will go to the affected students by Jan. 29. They'll be offered one of the vacancies found by the university and the landlords.

Stephenson said he wanted them safely out of the building before he will deal with the bylaw infraction.

The matter will be back before the court on Feb. 17.


Tori Weldon


Tori Weldon is a reporter based in Moncton. She's been working for the CBC since 2008.