New Brunswick 'totally unprepared' for fentanyl crisis, critic says
Province hasn't revealed its plan to tackle addiction to opioids, arrival of fentanyl
But the province still hasn't revealed how it has prepared for a similar overdose crisis here.
And critics say New Brunswick is running out of time to come up with a plan.
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There have been six suspected overdoses in that community since April 10.
A 35-year-old woman died on Esgenoôpetitj First Nation on April 11 and police are awaiting a toxicology report to confirm fentanyl was involved.
CBC News has been keeping a database that tracks drug overdoses in New Brunswick dating back to 2008. It shows at least 18 people have died from fentanyl since 2011.
It's proof that New Brunswick isn't prepared to handle a fentanyl crisis, according to Julie Dingwell, the executive director of AIDS Saint John.
"We're totally unprepared," she said.
In Saint John, Dingwell hears about people having non-fatal overdoses from fentanyl on a daily basis.
She's worried more people will overdose, especially if fentanyl is cut into their drugs without their knowledge.
"We knew it was coming," Dingwell said. "We just failed to act."
No public plan
Dr. Jennifer Russell said the government was working "behind the scenes" to come up with a plan.
But the government hasn't revealed that plan to the public.
Neither Russell nor Health Minister Victor Boudreau were available for an interview on Thursday.
In an emailed statement, Russell said the province has formed a "preparedness task group" that is looking at things like treatment gaps and how to collect data on overdoses.
That group hasn't consulted pharmacists, according to Alistair Bursey, chair of the Canadian Pharmacists' Association.
He wants to see the province take action on fentanyl sooner rather than later.
"The fact that we haven't had effective communication on what the plan is is very concerning," Bursey said.
'We couldn't just sit and wait'
The province has changed the way it tracks opiate abuse, collecting monthly data on non-fatal overdoses from emergency rooms and paramedics.
"We have done a number of things knowing that we couldn't just sit and wait for everything," chief medical officer of health Dr. Robert Strang said.
Last fall, the province announced $500,000 toward funding naloxone, an opioid overdose antidote.
The drug is now supplied to community harm reduction groups for free, and Strang hopes to make it free in pharmacies for anyone who wants it.
The results are already paying off.
"In all likelihood we've had successful reversal of at least 50 overdoses, in just less than a year of having community access to Naloxone projects up and going."
That means people need to pay $35 per dose if they want it — a price too steep, Dingwell said, for most people using drugs.
"I understand that governments are always watching the bottom line," she said.
"I think we sort of have to figure out is a life worth the $35 naloxone kit."
The tip of the iceberg
Pharmacists also want the provincial government to fund naloxone.
Bursey would like to see New Brunswick copy Alberta by getting the antidote into as many hands as possible.
He believes it will save lives, as fentanyl circulates throughout the province.
New Brunswick's "task group" is looking at "the availability and distribution of naloxone," Russell said.
While many first responders in the province are trained on how to use naloxone, the province isn't committing to fund it for anyone — meaning groups like AIDS Saint John will need to fundraise to buy doses.
Most people in the province have private drug coverage and would be able to buy naloxone through that, Russell added.
But many of the desperate people who walk into Dingwell's office each day don't fall into that category.
"I don't know many of the people that we work with who would have $35 to get a kit."